IUGULA (By Mr Nizin Lopez).
“For the life of the flesh is in the blood, & I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.”
What is a human? What is the true definition of “HUMAN”? Answer: a barbaric two-legged animal with the potential to become a transcendental being. Humans have always being a blood-spilling specie (some more than others obviously). No matter in what culture, the human creature has always needed the favor of some type of divinity. Usually these overseeing spiritual entities demanded one thing in return: BLOOD.
“And according to the Law almost all things are purified with blood, & wihtout shedding of blood there is no remission.”
(the ancient Assyrians, experts in the Art of blood spilling. Shalmanaser III, archaeology museum, Istanbul)
Genesis 22:10 speaks about a human sacrifice that is considered “politically correct”, it speaks about the famous sacrifice of Yitzhak on Mount Moriah. Abraham was going to slice him with a knife & was going to offer him as an “Olah” (a burnt offering). Most people consider this sacrifice “kosher” yet they might not feel the same way in the case of the Jordanian Mesha.
(acrylic on canvas by Mr Nizin Lopez)
The shepperd named Mesha sacrificed his own son in order to defeat Israel. Kings II 3:27 says the following:
“Then he took his eldest son who would have reigned in his place, & offered him as a burnt offering upon the wall; & there was great indignation against Israel.”
The black basalt stele of Mesha discovered in Dibon/Transjordan in 1868 sheds light on his “reddish” campaigns (this stele was discovered by a German missionary named F.A. Klein). This great archeological artifact that is now in Louvre is composed of 34 lines and it mentions Mesha’s military campaigns against his mortal foes of Israel. Mesha here is referred to as “son of Chemosh” (national god of Moab), “king of Moab”, and as “a Dibonite”.
The Mesha stele says that Omri, king of Israel oppressed Moab for many days because Chemosh was angry with his people (with the Moabites). Mesha however prevailed over Omri’s son. Line # 7 states something that is very similar to the words of the Egyptian Merneptah:
“Israel has utterly perished forever”.
Line # 10 speaks about an Israelite group called the Gadites who had been dwelling in the region of Atarot for a considerable amount of time.
Line # 11 and line # 12 says that Mesha killed the people of the city as “satiation” for Chemosh and for Moab.
Line # 16 and line # 17 says that Mesha killed the Israelites dwelling in Nebo, it literally says:
“I killed all of them, 7000 men and male aliens, women and female aliens and female slaves; for I had devoted them to destruction to ‘Ashtar-Chemosh’.
Once again, Mesha didn’t just kill them, he “devoted” them, meaning that he used their “energy” to glorify Ashtar-Chemosh (Ashtar-Chemosh seems to be a goddess). So, Mesha’s son was not the only one that was offered as a sacrifice.
The king of Assyria brought non-Israelites to the cities of Samaria. These newcomers that eventually became known as “lion-converts” offered human sacrifices:
“And the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak; and the Sepharvites burned their children in fire to Adramelech and Anamelech, the gods of Sepharvaim.”
(Kings II, 17:31)
(Samaritan priest holding a scroll of the Law. Obviously, the inhabitants of Sebastes no longer practice human sacrifice but there were times when they did)
The book of Judges mentions an Israelite fellow named Jephthah who offered a human sacrifice in order to defeat Ammon. Judges 11:31 says that he made a pledge to YHVH to offer a burnt offering in the name of military victory. Judges 11:39 says that Jephthah’s only child, a virgin, was sacrificed. This by the way is somewhat similar to the case of Agamemnon. Some say that his daughter Iphigenia was intended to be sacrificed to Artemis during the conquest of Troy.
(Artemis: Olympian virgin hunter, moon goddess, and spirit of wild nature. Second Century A.D., Roman sculpture of the fertility goddess)
In the times of David there was a famine in Israel that lasted for three consecutive years. This was spiritually speaking the outcome of saul’s genocide against the Gibeonites.
(sculpture of king David by the Italian genius Michelangelo. Academia, Florence)
Samuel II 21:8 says that seven Benjamites had to be sacrificed in order to atone for Saul’s evil. The following were offered as a sacrifice:
Armoni & Mephibosheth, two of the sons of Rizpah, daughter of Aiah.
Five sons of Michal, daughter of Saul.
The book of Judges sates that the Danite Samson who was addicted to Phillishti females offered himself as a sacrifice (a sacrificial suicide). About 3000 Phillishti men & women were watching him have sex from the roof of their temple. The Nazir Samson leaned against the two main pillars of the temple & made the building collapse. He sacrificed himself in order to take down all those Phillishtim.
The Greeks were definitely involved in human sacrifice. There are plenty of examples when it comes to the Ionians. Homer’s Iliad speaks about the Troyan throats that Achilles slit in order to fulfill his promise to Patroklos.
(Achilles, hero of the Iliad. Vase-painting of the Classical period, Museo Vaticano)
Book 23 of the Iliad (lines 21-28) says the following:
“Patroklos, peace be upon you in the dark where death commands, aye, even there. You see I shall soon have done all that I promised you: I dragged Hektor this far, to give wild dogs his flesh & let them rend it among themselves, & I have brought twelve radiant sons of Troy whose throats I’ll cut, to bloody your great pyre, such fury came upon me at your death”.
(this is a bust of Hephaestion, the Macedonian Patroclus. In 324 B.C.E, sometime after his death, Alexander butchered the entire male population of the Cossaeans of Persia. He hunted them down mercilessly. He wished to honor the spirit of Hephaestion with human blood. This bust is located in Prado/Spain)
Some say that after Troy was conquered the daughter of Hecuba (Polyxena) was to be sacrificed on the grave of the fallen hero Achilles.
(archaic scene of the famous Trojan horse, from the neck of a big pot from Mikonos, c 675 B.C., made approximately 50 years after the lifetime of Homer)
Herodotus of Halicarnassus mentions what Menelaus did in order to appease the sea (which greatly resembles the event in Jonah 1:15). Book II, 119 says the following:
“Menelaus came to Egypt & sailed up the river to Menphis, where he gave a true account of what had passed & was well entertained, & there Helen was restored to him unharmed with all his wealth besides. In spite of this, Menelaus proved ungrateful to the Egyptians; for when he would have departed, he was prevented by contrary winds, & being long delayed by them, he perpetrated a wicked deed, taking two Egyptian children & making sacrifice of them. For this he was execrated & pursued by the people of the place, & he fled with his ships to Libya.”
The Caphtor of the Phillishtim does not stay behind when it comes to human sacrifices. There was a labyrinth in Crete where a half man/half beast known as the Minotaur would receive human offerings. Mino’s wife, Pasiphae, gave birth to this mythical creature & king Minos certainly rejoiced in the bizarre events that took place in the maze. The book “The world of legendary Greece” by Mr Victor Duruy tells us about it:
“In vain the Athenians tried to rid themselves of these calamities by offering Hyacinthus four daughters as propitiary sacrifices. Their ills did not cease and the oracle called upon them to submit to all the conditions that Minos would lay down. The latter demanded that, periodically, they should send to Crete a tribute of seven youths and seven maidens to be devoured by the Minotaur in Daedalus’ labyrinth. This offering was sent every nine years. The most common story was that the 14 victims, doomed to die, were chosen by fate, but the logographer Hellenicus says that Minos went to Athens to choose them himself. According to a German historian, Akermann it was an historical fact that human victims were paid as tribute to Minos, but the reason for this assertion is not clear…”
(The world of legendary Greece. By Victor Duruy. Leon Amiel, Publisher. pg 57-58)
The Celts did not stay behind when it came to the art of sacrificial blood spilling. They were defined as “noble savages” & their ruling cast, the Druids, they were “spiritual-politicians”. Here’s what the book “The pagan religions of the ancient British isles” says about them:
“The Romans insisted that the Germanic tribes, like the Celts, sacrificed humans as well as animals, and there is fairly clear evidence to this in Anglo-Saxon England. At the famous royal cemetery of Sutton Hoo in Suffolk, an oval mound excavated in 1989 proved to hold a cremation, later robbed of most of its associated goods. Around the tumulus were ten graves containing the shadows of dissolved bodies. Two or three had been decapitated, one having its head replaced upside down, and another had matter pulled around the neck which could have been the remains of a strangling rope. In a cemetery of inhumations nearby, several bodies had been beheaded. The remains present a very strong likehood that these were burials of retainers or slaves, sent to accompany their masters or mistresses, or else butchered in honour of deities.”
(The pagan religions of the ancient British isles [their nature and legacy]. By Ronald Hutton. Blackwell Publishing, pg 274)
(acrylic on canvas by Mr Nizin Lopez. The Celts worshiped “Taranis”, god of thunder through “fire sacrifices”)
The Roman historian Cornelius Tacitus speaks about the horrors that the conquering Romans found in the forests of the fascinating Celts:
“A force was next set over the conquered, and their groves, devoted to inhuman supersticions, were destroyed. They deemed it indeed a duty to cover their altars with the blood of captives and to consult their deities through human entrails.”
(The Annals of history, by P. Cornelius Tacitus. Book XIV, 30)
(the Celts venerated trees, they sacrificed some of their victims to Esus. They would hang them on trees, shoot them with arrows or impale them, & then they would let them bleed to death. The sacrifice of Esus may be the remnant of a myth similar to that of the Germanic Odin who hung on the world tree for nine days and nine nights and whose victims were likewise left hanging on trees)
The book “The encyclopedia of Celtic wisdom” zooms in a little more providing very useful details:
“Several Celtic apologists have refused to credit our ancestors with the practice of human sacrifice, regarding the numerous classical accounts as Roman propaganda, yet the evidence, both textual and archaeological, testifies otherwise. The dedication of a human sacrifice was the offering of a soul, usually for the purpose of binding the victim to the service of a deity or to propitiate the deity against against drought or murrain. A suitable candidate for sacrifice, in Druidic eyes, would be one who was kin to none. Druidic sacrifice for propitiatory or divinational purposes seems to have involved strangers or prisoners of war – any person outside the tribal framework, on whose behalf no legal redress could be sought, anyone who had put himself outside the law was no longer a recognized being. The many instances of the theme of ‘a boy with no father’ in Celtic lore, both Christian and pagan, perhaps bespeaks this. Although the sacredness of motherhood as a kinship factor is an indigenous and Pictish belief which permeated pockets of Celtic settlement in Britain and Ireland, the sacrifice of an innocent child as foundation cement crops up frequently in the stories.”
(The encyclopedia of Celtic wisdom [the Celtic shaman’s sourcebook]. By Caitlin and John Matthews. Element. pg 322)
(a sacrifice by drowning to the Celtic deity “Teutates”. Plate on the Gundestrup cauldron)
The book “The world of the Druids” by Miranda J. Green has a whole chapter dedicated to the controversial issue of human sacrifice (V, sacrifice and prophecy). Human sacrifice was “a necessity” for the Celts.
Then we have the very special case of Carthage…oh mighty Carthage of Hannibal! Priests of death! Carthage defnitely was a necropolis, their priests were like the Cretan Cronus who swallowed almost all his offspring. In Carthage parents offered firstborns, sons & daughters, voluntarily. This included royal families as well. Some scholars state that initially this practice was restricted to the Carthaginian elite only, then eventually the practice was accesible to the lesser social casts.
(Punic stele depicting one of the nocturnal priests of Carthage holding a child. 4th Century B.C. dark limestone, from the Tophet of Carthage)
Their nocturnal priests would slay a child (by strangulation or by cutting the throat) under the moon-light. They would place the victim on the outstretched arms of Baal-Hammon & then the body would roll down into a flaming pit. When the priests would slay the infants loud music would play in order to drown the cries of the parents. The remains would be collected in some type of urn & then transferred to a sacred location. This is what the book “Carthage” says about these horrors:
“many scholars simply refused to believe that the horrors that the enemies of Carthage reported actually ocurred here, but as the archaeological diggins go on, the emerging picture is one of a highly civilized culture that performed rites which still shock, and defy rational understanding. For now it appears that thousands upon thousands of infants were slaughtered to appease the gods Ba’al Hammon and Tanit. The charred ashes of the victims were swept up into ceramic urns and buried in pits capped with funerary markers (stelae).”
(Carthage [the mysteries and splendors of ancient Tunisia]. David Soren, Aicha Ben Abed ben Khader, Heidi Slim. Simon and Schuster. Part VI [the precint of death]. pg 123)
The fact of the matter is that the “Carthage phenomenon” has taken place right in front of our noses symbolically speaking. Not so long ago Palestinian couples (Arabs) were consecrating their children as future suicide bombers. They would even photograph the infant wearing a symbolic suicide vest. An explosion in an Israeli bus is equivalent to a sacrifice by fire, a sacrifice to the Baal of nationalism. Then again, Israel performed these Carthage type of rituals as well back in the days. Jeremiah 7:30-31 says:
“For the children of Judah have done evil in my sight, says the Lord. They have set their abominations in the house which is called by my name, to pollute it. And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons & their daughters in the fire, which I did not command, nor did it come into my heart.”
Psalms 106:37-38 says the following about Israel:
“They even sacrificed their sons & their daughters to demons, & shed innocent blood, the blood of their sons & daughters, whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan; & the Land was polluted with blood.”
(Deuterenomy 12:31 speaks about this Caananite practice & Deuterenomy 32:17 speaks about how Israel imitated the Caananites)
Human sacrifice was also practiced by the beyond-cruel Scythians:
“Of all their enemies they capture alive in war, they sacrifice one out of every hundred, but in a different manner than they sacrifice animals. They pour wine over the man’s head, cut his throat over a jar, carry the jar up to the pile of sticks, and pour the blood upon the sword. In addition to taking the blood up to the sword, down bellow, they cut off the right arms of all the men who have been slaughtered and they cast them up in the air. After the other victims have been sacrificed, they depart, leaving behind the arms to lie just where they have fallen, apart from the bodies.”
(Herodotus, Book 4.62.3-4 [Herodotus, Book 4.64.2-4 speaks about how they flayed humans])
(archer in Scythian dress, from the West pediment of the temple of Aphaia on Aegina. Parian marble, Munich)
The Romans were definitely more civilized than the Scythians but, they were not alien to human sacrifice. The following phrase says it all:
“AVE, IMPERATOR, MORITURI TE SALUTANT.”
(Hail the Emperor, we who are about to die salute you)
I found very useful information concerning human sacrifices in a book called “The Colosseum” by Peter Quennell & the Editors of the Newsweek book division. The book speaks about the blood spectacles offered in the Flavian amphitheater (founded by the Vespasians). I personally view these gladitorial games as human sacrifices offered to the gods of the State. The Pontifex Maximus (the Emperor of Rome) & the elite of Rome functioned as the high priests of savage cruelty and the giant ellipse functioned as a sacrificial gateway. The gladiators (plus the beasts) were the “collective sacrifice”.
(Terme Museum, Rome [bestiarii])
The Colosseum was built by Vespasian in 72 A.D after Titus pretty much offered the Jews as a burnt offering in Jerusalem during 70 A.D. The Colosseum was completed by Domitian later on. The oval arena itself was 280 feet long & 180 feet wide, it was a true altar of sacrifice; an inter-dimensional portal (the building could hold around 45,000 people).
The book “The Colosseum” says the following on pages 41 & 44:
“The Etruscans also contributed the gladitorial games, a form of human sacrifice originally associated with the solemn rites surrounding death. Once the games were transferred to Rome, however, they gradually lost their true religious meaning &, under the pressure of the Roman system, were adapted to a very different purpose”.
(The Colosseum. By Peter Quennell & the editors of the Newsweek book division. Newsweek, New York. pages 41 & 44)
Gladiators were not the only ones who offered their blood in the arena, the first Christians also became food for the gods of the eternal city:
The first Christian to suffer martyrdom in the famous arena is said to have been Saint Ignatius, who is reputed to have been thrown to the lions after exclaiming: “I am as the grain of the field, & must be ground by the teeth of the lions, that I may become fit for His table.” Soon afterward, we are told, 115 Christians were shot down with flights arrows.
Reports of later persecutions inform us that at the beginning of the third century a patrician named Placidus, his wife, Theophista, & their two sons were roasted in a brazen bull, & that in the year 253 Sempronius, Olympius, Theodolus, & Exuperia were burned alive before the statue of the sun god, “the crowned colossus” that stood just outside the amphitheater.
(The Colosseum. By Peter Quennell & the editors of the Newsweek book division. Newsweek, New York. pg 60)
As I mentioned before: The Colosseum of Rome was founded by individuals who spilled lots of blood in Syria-Palaestina, Vespasian & his son Titus pretty much offered the Jews of Palestine as a sacrifice.
Vespasian built the place that would function as an elliptic inter-dimensional portal of psychic energy. The gods of Rome would literally bathe in the blood of the gladiators plus they would feed off the prana of 45,000 screaming fanatics. The Colosseum was without a doubt, an altar for human sacrifices. Yet this is not it when it comes to Rome that always clashed with the Gauls & with the Germans; the book “the Druids” by Peter Berresford Ellis explains the kind of stuff they did in times of national stress:
“Among the Romans there are many specific references to human sacrifices, notably in 228 BC and during the second Punic war to propitiate wrathful war deities. Livy himself records that the Romans made human sacrifices after the defeat of Cannae in 216 BC. Among the sacrifices to appease the gods, two Celts were buried alive under the Forum Boarium. During the lifetime of Plutarch (AD 46-C.I20) human sacrifices were still being made. In the time of the late republic and early empire, children were sacrificed in rites to conjure the spirits of the dead. During the reign of Claudius, foreign captives were being buried alive at Rome to ameliorate the gods of war. Prisoners of war, like the Numidian king, Jugartha, and the Celtic leader Vercingetorix, with their families, were held for long periods – six years in the case of Vercingetorix – in the deep underground prison of the Tullanium bellow the capitol before finally being ceremonially sacrificed in honour of Mars. Even Roman patricians, such as the followers of Lucius Sergius Catilina (D.62 BC), were ritually slaughtered here. During the second and third centuries AD, Taitian, Tertullian and Minucius Felix reported that human sacrifices were being carried out during the festival of Latini.”
(The Druids. By Peter Berresford Ellis. William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan. pg 155)
The book “Beloved and God” by Royston Lambert says that the Romans conducted sacrifices that resemble the horrors of the Druids. Some thought for example that Antinous’ death in Egypt was actually a sacrificial offering for the sake of Hadrian’s wellbeing:
“Dio uses the word hierourgetheis which technically means that Antinous was used as a sacrificial victim whose entrails would be searched and interpreted by magicians and priests for omens concerning the Emperor’s future. As this explanation has been seized upon by those anxious to depict a gory end and Hadrian’s innate cruelty and black superstition, we consider it as seriously as the others.
Indeed some background evidence lends credibility to this suggestion. The searching of entrails of animals and birds to ascertain omens and auguries was a common practice in Rome. Various emperors, perturbed about their futures, went further and are said to have slaughtered human beings, especially handsome or noble youths, for this very purpose: Elagabalus (218-222), Didius Julianus (emperor of 193 AD) and Maxentius (306-12) among them.”
(Beloved and God [the story of Hadrian & Antinous], by Royston Lambert. Viking. pg 133)
Even the Jesus that lived in the times of Roman domination had to pay with what the Aztecs called “Chalchiuh-atl” (precious water, meaning “BLOOD”). John 11:50 says that Caiaphas, the high priest, said the following to his fellow Jews:
“Nor do you consider that it is expedient for us that one man should die for the people, & not that the whole nation should perish”.
(the name Jesus sounds very similar to “Esus” of the Celts)
A dark elite offered the Jews as a collective sacrifice in Europe, the Nazis killed 6,000 000 Jews, a definite blast to the Jewish national psyche.
(acrylic on canvas by Mr Nizin Lopez)
Ashkenazi Jewry was delivered to concentration camps & to extermination camps. It is interesting that the death camps were in the Poland that Germany had invaded in September 1st 1939 (it is believed that the exile of Khazaria had settled there in ancient times).
The book “THE HOLOCAUST” by Mr Jack R. Fischel provides accurate information about these obscure chakras located in Poland:
EXTERMINATION CAMPS (appendix I)
Auschwitz-Birkenau (Auschwitz II). Located in upper Silesia, Poland. Number of victims: 1,600,000 (Himmler ordered the construction of this camp on March 1st 1941).
Belzec. Located in the Lublin district, Poland. Number of victims: 600,000.
Chelmo. Located west of Lodz, Poland. Number of victims: 320,000.
Majdanek. Located in a suburb of Lublin, Poland. Number of victims: 360,000.
Sobibor. Located in the eastern section of Lublin, Poland. Number of victims: 250,000.
Treblinka. Located in the north-east section of Generalgouvernment. Number of victims: 870,000.
Keep in mind that these are just the “extermination camps”, there were concentration camps as well:
Appendix II of this book (The Holocaust) sates that the estimated “rounded” Jewish losses were 5,860,000. In other words, the Nazis offered millions of Jews as a collective human sacrifice of cosmic dimensions. Though there is obviously no direct connection between the Third Reich & the murderous priests of Carthage, I found some strange similarities between the two (the burnt offerings of the priests of Carthage could never compare with the collective human sacrifice of six million).
Hitler’s folks built crematoriums, meaning “fiery furnaces” in the death camps. These were built obviously in order to cremate the bodies of the victims. As I have mentioned before, the nocturnal priests of Carthage would slay thousands that would eventually be “burned in a pit”. Later on the ashes would go to urns.
The book “The Holocaust” by Mr Fischel says something very interesting on page 59, something that reminded me of the gloomy priests of Carthage:
By the end of July the ghetto’s “nonproductive element” had been transported to Treblinka, and the SS accelerated the deportations with an additional category of formerly exempted Jews, which included the children of the ghetto orphanage headed by its Jewish director, Dr. Janusz Korczak (pen name of Henryk Goldszmit). On August 5, the Germans rounded up Korczak and his 200 orphans and deported them to Treblinka. Korczak had been offered asylum by friends on the Polish side, but he refused to save himself if it meant abandoning the children. Korczak and the children were killed at Treblinka upon their arrival.
(The Holocaust. Jack R. Fischel. Greenwood Press. pg 59)
The Holocaust was definitely a sacrifice of cosmic dimensions, a sacrifice that gave birth to the State of Israel on May 14th 1948.
(Mr Nizin Lopez in Jerusalem in 2002)
(I had a distant relative that died in the famous Holocaust that everyone has heard about by now)
Most people have been programmed to believe that the Holocaust, meaning the extermination of Ashkenazi Jewry, has been the most devastating thing that has taken place on planet earth. Then again, if we take a look at the massive unspeakeable horrors that took place in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica our perception “might change” all of the sudden. In Aztec warrior society these public human sacrifices were a necessity, their bizarre rituals were simply beyond human rationality. I guess the only way they could be described is as “sadistic porn”. The Aztec priests sacrificed mainly captive warriors but they also murdered women & infants. They would for example rip their hearts from their chests, they would dismember them, they would sometimes skin them alive & wear the skin, they would eat their flesh, they would burn them alive,…etc (keep in mind that they did this for years and years).
The Aztec priests were true vampires and their lust for human blood was beyond anything imaginable. Maybe they did not kill six million but their sadistic cruelty was so beyond and so out there that it is impossible to compare it with anything else.
The excellent book “CITY OF SACRIFICE” by Mr David Carrasco is absolutely enlightening when it comes to the blood freaks of ancient Mexico:
The templo mayor was the scene of elaborate human sacrifices that increased to large numbers during the last eighty years of Aztec rule. Human sacrifice was based upon a unique and complex religious attitude that is explored in detail in subsequent chapters. In brief, it was believed that the human body was the vulnerable nexus of vital cosmic forces and was filled with divine essences that needed periodic regeneration. One means to this regeneration was called Teomiqui, to die divinely or “dying like a god dies”, which meant human sacrifice. Specific parts of the human body, especially the heart, the head, and the liver, contained animistic entities that were gifts and presences of the gods and could be returned to them as gifts through ritual sacrifice. Offerings of the divine fire embedded in the head and the heart were especially crucial for the sun’s continued motion through the heavens and the earth’s subsequent renewal of time, crops, human life, and the divine forces of the cosmos. In some of these sacrifices, human hearts were offered to the sun and the blood was spread on the templo mayor’s walls (as well as other shrines and god images) in order to coat the temple with divine energy. Other parts of the body were also ritually used, including hair, skin, limbs, and the skull. The Aztec rulers were, in general, in charge of this process and had the responsability of obtaining human victims through war. As we have seen, one paradigm for this process of war, the acquisition of prisoners and escalating human sacrifice, was the myth of Huitzilopochtli’s birth. But this myth alone does not acount for the quantity of human sacrifice and the expansion of the templo mayor’s role in this development.”
(City of sacrifice [the Aztec empire and the role of violence in civilization] by Mr David Carrasco. Beacon Press, Boston. pg 73-74)
(acrylic on canvas by Mr Nizin Lopez, detail. The “Teocuaque” (Aztec priests) referred to the human heart as “precious eagle cactus fruit”)
The Tenotitlan that drank the blood of defeated Spaniards definitely surpasses the sacrifices in ancient israel, in ancient Greece, in Carthage, in Europe (ancient & not so ancient), & in Asia.
(Quetzalcoatl drinks human blood. Codex Borgia, Vatican Museum)
(the present certainly reminds us of that bloody past. Check the Sun Sentinel, Thursday, January 8, 2015. 3A)
The folks of ancient Peru could not compete with the vampires of Mexico but they definitely were bizarre too. The book “Ritual sacrifice” by Brenda Ralph Lewis sheds light on the subject:
“Like the Aztecs in Mexico, human sacrifice in Peru did not originate with the Incas. It was a well established form of practice six hundred years and more before the Incas conquered their vast empire. Among the Mochica, whose civilization dominated the norththern coast of Peru between the first and the eight centuries AD, prisoners of war were sacrificed and their blood was ritually drunk.”
(Ritual sacrifice [blood and redemption]. By Brenda Ralph Lewis. Sutton Publishing. pg 91)
Here’s another example that speaks about the sacrifices of the Incas. The book “Inca religion and customs” by Father Bernabe Cobo describes the ascent of the new ruler and what that meant in practical terms:
“The first sacrifice was Viracocha’s. His priests received it and made the offering, praying that Viracocha see fit to give the Inca health and long life, and that he not take the Inca away in his youth, that he allow the Inca to be victorious over his enemies and that the Inca have sons to succeed him and to preserve the royal lineage, and that while the Inca governed all the nations of his empire be at peace, multiply, and have an abundance of food. After this prayer was over, the children were strangled and buried with gold and silver on the hill of Chuquichanca, which is half a league from the city above San Sebastian, and the sheep, clothing, and other things were burned.”
(Inca Religion and Customs. By Father Bernabe Cobo. University of Texas Press, Austin. Chapter 32: Of the solemnity with which the coronation of the king was celebrated. pg 155-156)
The examples go on & on….as we have seen, our human history has always been a bloody history. We have the capability to become what I personally call ‘TRANSCENDENTAL BEINGS’ yet, we are still incarnated in ephemeral human bodies. As long as we inhabit these mortal temples & as long as there is a physical plane there will be struggle, there will be competition, & there will be consumption. Human! Such an interesting word…
(acrylic on canvas by Mr Nizin Lopez. This painting became an album cover for the Floridian Death Metal band “CALIGULA” [Bukkake Baptism]. This Artwork depicts the psychotic animal that lies deep within the human)
Life in general is a combination of many factors, a multi-chromatic painting of many flavors and energies. In this world one experiences joy at some points but he will definitely experience suffering and pain. At the end of the day, what really matters and makes a difference is that rare thing that people call “LOVE”. Transcendentalism is possible.
Thank you so much for your time.