Some believe the Bible is the word of God, something that cannot be questioned. Is the Bible the ultimate truth? Is the Bible meant to be understood by everyone? Does the Bible contain encrypted information? These are legitimate questions that demand legitimate answers.
JOSEPH AND PSAMMENTICOS I
Everyone knows that ‘Joseph ha Tzadik’ was Jacob’s favorite son and that Joseph was destined to rule in Egypt. From a mere historical perspective the closest thing that there is to a “HISTORICAL JOSEPH” is Yuya, the Syrian vizier of the XVIII dynasty. Then again,…does the story of Joseph end in a Cairo Museum?
(Yuya, Syrian courtier of the XVIII dynasty. The historical Joseph)
We must remember that symbolically speaking that Tanach is not a history book. The sacred books that the Christians call ‘The Old Testament’ contain “CODIFIED INFORMATION”, information that is only available to those who can see beyond. So, it is important that we examine other aspects of Joseph that appear to be codified in the Book of Genesis.
The tale of Joseph is similar to the tale of Pharaoh Psammenticos I, son of of Necho I (Wahibre). To be brutally honest it almost seems as if some clever scribe wanted to grant Psammenticos immortality by codifying him in the sacred Scriptures. Psammenticos and Joseph share many, many similarities, astonishing similarities!!!
(Psammenticos I, son of Necho I and father of Necho II. XXVI dynasty, he ruled from 664 to 610. British Museum of London)
Let us begin de-codifying the Psammenticos-Joseph puzzle. For example, the Joseph of the Bible had problems with his siblings and Pharaoh Psammenticos I had problems with his brothers as well. The Book of genesis says the following about Joseph:
“Then he had another dream, and this one, too, he told his brothers. “I had another dream”, he said; “this time, the sun and the moon and ELEVEN STARS were bowing down to me.”
Joseph was implying that he was destined to reign above his eleven brothers, he was pretty much saying that his destiny was to be the sole king of Israel (there were 12 tribes of Israel). This tale finds an echo in the story of Psammenticos. Herodotus 2.151 speaks about twelve Egyptian kings who ruled in equity. Their unity lasted until the last day of the festival of Hephaistos:
“On the last day of that festival, as they were about to pour libations, the high priest brought out the golden libation cups customarily used for this purpose, but he miscounted them and brought only eleven instead of twelve. There stood Psammenticos, the last of the kings, without a libation cup, so he took off his helmet, which was bronze, held it out to be filled, and poured his libation.”
(Herodotus, the Histories. Book 2.151.1-2)
A certain oracle predicted that the king that would pour a libation from a bronze cup would become the sole king of Egypt. So, Joseph’s eleven brothers were concerned about Joseph’s prophecy and the eleven Egyptian rulers realized that the oracle was true; they knew that Psammenticos’ unpremeditated act revealed that he would indeed rule over them.
Joseph’s brothers considered the idea of killing Joseph, similar thoughts crossed to the mind of the eleven Egyptian rulers….Joseph’s brothers knew that the dreamer known as Joseph needed to be removed somehow and Psammenticos’ brothers felt exactly the same way.
The first step would be to remove Joseph of his ‘overseer status’ ,..so, Joseph’s brothers stripped Joseph of his colorful long tunic (symbol of authority). Psammenticos’ brothers did the same thing; they stripped Psammenticos of most of his power.
(“The Coat of many colors”, by Ford Madox Brown [1821-1893])
After that, the eleven sons of Israel threw Joseph in an empty and dry cistern, in the middle of the desert, they banished him. The eleven Egyptian rulers did the same to Psammenticos, they banished him to the marshes. Psammenticos was not to leave the marshes or to have any deals with the rest of Egypt (Psammenticos had been exiled before, during the reign of Sabakos he fled to Syria. He was restored to kingship in Egypt).
(Joseph was sold to Ishmaelites from Gilead who were traveling to Egypt, his brothers sold him for 20 pieces of silver. Illustration by the French genius Gustav Dore)
So, Joseph reached the land of the Pharaohs, …there he prospered and became Pharaoh’s second in command. Psammenticos dethroned his eleven brothers with the assistance of Gyges, king of Lydia; he became supreme king of Egypt.
(bronze Greek helmet. The Ionians & the Carians that assisted Psammenticos wore bronze armor, let us not forget that Psammenticos offered his libation from a “BRONZE” helmet)
• There were 12 tribes of Israel in Canaan: there were 12 Egyptian kings that ruled in equity.
• Joseph prophesied that his eleven brothers would bow down to him: an oracle predicted that Psammenticos would become the supreme ruler of Egypt.
• Joseph’s brothers agree that they have to get rid of Joseph somehow: the eleven Egyptian kings also decide to get rid of Psammenticos.
• Joseph’s brothers agree not to physically harm Joseph: the eleven kings agree not to physically harm Psammenticos.
• Joseph is stripped of his long coat of many colors: Psammenticos is stripped of most of his powers.
• Joseph’s brothers banish Joseph by throwing him into a dry well in the desert: The eleven Egyptian kings banish Psammenticos to the marshes segregating him and isolating him.
• Genesis 44:2 says that Joseph ordered his stewart to put a “SILVER GOBLET” in Benjamin’s bag bringing guilt upon his brothers: the whole Psammenticos ordeal took place because Psammenticos offered a libation with his “BRONZE HELMET” instead of using a “GOLDEN CUP”.
• Joseph is sold to Ishmaelites and is taken to Egypt, there he prospers and becomes Pharaoh’s second in command: Psammenticos, beloved of Sais, becomes the sole king of Egypt thanks to “FOREIGN BRONZE WARRIORS” (Ionians and Carians that landed in Egypt).
Obviously Joseph is not Pharaoh Psammenticos and Psammenticos is not Joseph, this is clear. Then again, the story of Joseph is very similar to the story of Psammenticos.
DAVID AND ALEXANDER ARE THIRSTY!
The Bible talks about a noble deed, a very noble deed done by king David. This is what happened when David and his soldiers were undergoing a tough situation in battle:
“And David said with longing, ‘Oh, that someone would give me a drink of the water from the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!’ So the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Phillishtines, drew water from the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate, and took it and brough it to David. Nevertheless he would not drink it, but poured it out to the Lord. And he said, ‘Far be it from me, oh Lord, that I should do this! Is this not the blood of the men who went in jeopardy of their lives? Therefore he would not drink it.”
(II Samuel 23:15-17)
Something very, very similar happened to Alexander the great in the pretty much waterless Gedrosian desert when he was back to Iran from India (in the year 325 B.C.E.). This is what the writer Paul Cartledge has to say about thirsty-moribund Alexander:
“All in his party, himself included, were tormented by thirst, and many died. One day, some men almost miraculously found a little water and, carefully scooping it into a helmet, brought it to Alexander for him to drink. Ragingly thirsty though he was, he poured it untouched on the burning sand, as if to demonstrate that his life was no more valuable than those of his men.”
(Alexander the great [the hunt for a new past], by Paul Cartledge. The Overlook Press. Woordstock & New York. Pg 186)
(Alexander the Great, son of Phillip II of Macedon. Mosaic from Pompeii. National archaeological museum, Naples/Italy)
Can we say that king David is equivalent to Alexander the Great? Answer: No. But, it is impossible to deny that there is a parallel here.
PSAMMENTICOS, ASCALON, & THE SCYTHIANS
In the times of Psammenticos I interesting things took place in Palestine, things of an Abrahamic flavor. Scythian hordes advanced toward Egypt, when they reached Palestinian Syria Psammenticos turned them back with gifts and pleas. He convinced them not to advance any further and they retreated.
(Scythian archer, from the temple of Aphaia on Aegina. Parian marble, Munich)
The Scythians passed through the city of Ascalon without doing any harm, but,…some lingered behind and desecrated the sanctuary of Aphrodite-Ourania (Derketo). It is said that the Goddess of Ascalon punished the pillagers with some type of disease that affected their masculinity.
(head of a statue of Aphrodite, from Satala in Armenia. Bronze. London)
This calamity fell not only upon the plunderers but upon their descendants as well (for all time). The plague is described as ‘THE FEMALE DISEASE’; this means that the Scythian men became feminine (the Scythians call them Eenares).
(the Anatolian goddess Cybeles adopted by the Romans was both man and woman, this rock carving shows the goddess in a chariot being pulled by lions and her consort attys)
And what exactly does this tale have to do with the Torah? We might find the answer in the book of Genesis. Chapter 12 of the Book of Genesis says that ‘highly attractive Sarai’, an Israeli Aphrodite, was taken into the house of Pharaoh (Abram had told Pharaoh that she was his sister). YHVH strikes Pharaoh and his household with severe plagues and Abram and Sarai are released. Abram is compensated with many riches.
This tale seems to repeat itself in Gerar, in the territory of Abimelech the Phillishti. As soon as Abimelech takes beautiful Sarah YHVH punishes him with severe plagues. Genesis 20:18 says that YHVH had tightly closed every womb in Abimelech’s household. Like Pharaoh, Abimelech releases Abraham and his wife plus he compensates Abraham with much wealth. Let us dissect the situation:
Sarai/Sarah is beautiful like the goddess Aprodite-Ourania of Ascalon. Most people don’t know that Sarah is also named “Iscah”. The Rabbis say that the Iscah mentioned in Genesis 11:29 is actually Sarah (this is why Abraham always said she was his sister).
(Aphrodite, terra-cotta statuette. Berlin)
The name Iscah, doesn’t it remind us of the city of Ascalon? Let us see:
Pharaoh and Abimelech of Gerar are stricken with severe plagues that appear to affect their ability to procreate (a sexual disease). Doesn’t this remind us of the Scythians that interacted with Pharaoh Psammenticos? A group of Scythians desecrate the temple of Aphrodite in Ascalon and their masculinity is magically affected. The parallels are obvious…
The one who benefited the most from the Pharaoh-Abimelech situation was Abraham, he was compensated materially: livestock, silver, gold,…etc. Doesn’t this ring a bell when it comes to Psammenticos and the Scythian invaders? How did Psammenticos turned them back? Answer: Psammenticos had to persuade them with ‘GIFTS’, meaning material things.
THE KOHANIM OF NOB AND THE PRIESTS OF DIDYMA
The Bible speaks about how the men of Saul committed an injustice against a priestly people that protected David at some point. These were the Gibeonites who descended from the Amorite. Saul commanded his men to exterminate Ahimelech the priest and the house of Nob:
“And the king said to Doeg, ‘you turn and kill the priests!’ So Doeg the Edomite turned and struck the priests, and killed on that day eighty five men who wore a linen ephod…also Nob, the city of the priests, he struck with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and nursing infants, oxen and donkey and sheep-with the edge of the sword.”
(I Samuel 22:18-19)
This incident, what kind of connection could it possibly have with Alexander the Great? Apparently nothing.
(Alexander the Great. Marble sculpture, Pella archaeological museum)
When the Macedonian king headed to the east in order to become “king of kings”, he visited the oracle of Apollo at Didyma. This took place in the autumn of 334 B.C.E., the temple of Apollo was located by Miletus/Turkey.
(map of Didyma, Turkey)
(Apollo, Parian marble, Olympia. From the West pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia)
In 494 when the Ionians revolted against the Persians, the temple of Didyma was desecrated and the statue of Apollo was carried off to Susa/Persia. It’s priestly clan at that time, the Branchidae, collaborated with the Persians and were resettled in Asia:
“That is just what happened now to the Mylesians, when the majority of their men were killed by the long-haired Persians and their women and children became their captive slaves. And at the sanctuary of Didyma, both the temple and the oracle were plundered and set on fire. I have often mentioned the wealth of this sanctuary elsewhere in my history. The Mylesians who had been captured alive were taken to Susa. King Darius inflicted no further harm on them, but settled them on the sea called the Erythraean in the city of Ampe past which the Tigris river flows and empties into the sea.”
(Herodotus, the Histories. Book 6.19-3 to Book 6.20)
(snake-tripod dedicated to Apollo at Delphi)
Basically, the guardians of Apollo betrayed their priesthood in order to preserve their lives (at least according to the opinion of some). When Alexander reached Bactria he accidentally ran into the descendants of the priestly Branchidae. He found those Ionians who were descended from the priests of the temple of Apollo at Didyma. He ran into them at Dilbergin Tepe, on the road from Balkh to the Oxus at Kilif.
In 334 B.C.E. the oracle of Didyma had been favorable to Alexander, it foretold that he would conquer Asia and that Darius would be defeated. Since this oracle had given him a good omen, Alexander felt that he had to punish the descendants of the traitors in gratitude to Apollo. He felt that by killing those Ionians in Bactria he would avenge the sacrilege against the sanctuary of Apollo (even though technically they were faultless). He butchered them all.
(Apollo, the cruel god. The Phrygians say that Apollo flayed Marsyas the musician and hanged his skin at Kelainai [Turkey]. Engraving by Melchior Meier)
Doesn’t this morbid tale remind us of the genocide committed by Saul against the priestly Gibeonites? The stories are certainly similar.
MOSES AND SARGON
Moses is the “Foundation Stone” of the Jewish people. As we already know, the Biblical Moses is highly similar to the Egyptian reformer Akhenaton. Many scholars have affirmed that Amenhotep IV is in fact the historical Moses. But, is that all there is to the Moses’ story?
(limestone relief of pharaoh Akhenaton from Karnak/Egypt. c. 1375 B.C.)
What about Moses’ childhood? The tale of baby Moses certainly rings a bell when it comes to the Akkadian king Sargon. And who was Sargon exactly? It is said that he (Sargon) was the illegitimate child of a high priestess (the product of an illicit union) and that he was born in Asupiranu.
(Bronze sculpture of king Sargon of Akkad. Nineveh. C. 2300-2200 B.C. Iraq museum, Baghdad)
His biological mother placed him in a reed basket sealed with pitch; then she cast him on the Euphrates river to an ‘unexpected fate’.
Baby Sargon was rescued by a Sumerian farmer named ‘Aqqi’, Aqqi raised him as if he was his own. Sargon grew;… he was noticed by the Goddess “ISHTAR”. The Goddess favored him and eventually he became the king of Akkad. Sargon ended up forging an empire.
(a close-up of the temple of Innana [ISHTAR], the Sumerian goddess of love and war, at uruk, c. 1475 B.C.)
The amazing tale of Sargon fins an echo in tale of Moses. When Pharaoh ordered the killing of all the Israelite boys, Moses’ mother hid him for as much as she could, for three consecutive months. Based on what the Bible says, Pharaoh was throwing the children into the Nile. Moses’ mother knew that she would have to take an extreme measure:
“When she could hide him no longer, she took a papyrus basket, daubed it with bitumen and pitch, and putting the child in it, placed it among the reeds on the river bank.”
(Moses being rescued from the waters of the Nile. Illustration by the French genius Gustav Dore)
So, an Iraqui high priestess places her illegitimate son in a reed basket casting him into the Euphrates river and Moses’ mother, a Levite woman (Levites are the priestly class), places her child in a papyrus basket casting him into the Nile. The stories are pretty much identical!!!
A Sumerian farmer finds baby Sargon and raises him as his own. Sargon ends up being favored by the Goddess Ishtar and Moses ends up favored by Pharaoh’s daughter. Moses’ sister made an arrangement so that the floating basket containing baby Moses would be noticed by the servants of Pharaoh’s daughter:
When the child grew, she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, who adopted him as her son and called him Moses; for she said, “I drew him out of the water”.
• Sargon grows and is favored by Ishtar: Moses grows and is favored by Pharaoh’s daughter.
• Thanks to Ishtar’s power Sargon escalates and escalates until he becomes the king of Akkad: thanks to Pharaoh’s daughter, Moses becomes Egyptian royalty even though he was a Hebrew.
So, can we say that Sargon is Moses? Answer: No. Can we say that Moses is Sargon? Answer: No! Yet it is undeniable that the stories are almost identical, one in Iraq and one in Egypt but pretty much the same thing.
JESUS OF NAZARETH AND POLYKRATES OF SAMOS
Everyone has heard about a miraculous man known as Jesus of Nazareth. The Scriptures speak about his amazing deeds and of his transcendentalism. The Book of Matthew mentions a quite incredible incident that took place in Capernaum. When Jesus visited that region accompanied by his disciple Peter, the collectors of the ‘Temple tax’ approached Peter asking if his teacher pays the Temple tax. Peter said “Yes”.
(Jesus of Nazareth, friend of the fishermen)
Jesus implied that since they were subjects and not foreigners they should be exempt. Jesus said the following words to Peter:
“But that we may not offend them, go to the sea, drop in a hook, and take the first fish that comes up. Open its mouth and you will find a coin worth twice the Temple tax. Give that to them, for me and for you.”
The tale of the fish with the coin finds an echo in the tale of Polykrates of Samos, son of Aiakes (in the times of Pharaoh Amasis). Polykrates was a man of exceptionally good fortune who managed to get full possession of Samos; he made an alliance with Pharaoh Amasis. Amasis told Polykrates that it good be beneficial for him (for Polykrates) to get rid of his most precious jewel. Polykrates followed his advice and threw into the sea his most precious jewel: a golden signet ring that had a magnificent emerald.
(the Greek island of Samos once conquered by Polykrates)
Something unbelievable took place,…the ring returned to Polykrates, it gravitated towards him. The jewel was found inside a huge and beautiful fish that a fisherman had given to the ruler of Samos, this is what happened exactly:
“But when the servants cut open the huge fish, they discovered the ring of Polykrates within its belly. As soon as they saw it, they took it out and gleefully brought it to him and, as they gave it to him, explained how they had found it. Polykrates realized this was an act of God, so he wrote down everything he had done and what had happened to him, then sent the whole story in a letter to Egypt.”
(Herodotus, the Histories. Book 3.42.3-4)
Superstitious Amasis ended up breaking up his alliance and friendship with Polykrates.
(Amasis [Ahmose II: Khnemibre] was a Pharaoh of the XXVI dynasty, a Saite like Psammenticos. He reigned from 570 to 526. Berlin, Agyptisches Museum)
So, can we say that the tale of Jesus and the tale of Polykrates are exactly the same? Answer: No. The revolutionary known as Jesus is not Polykrates and the insurrect leader known as Polykrates is not Jesus. Capernaum is not Samos and Samos is not Capernaum but, the parallel cannot be denied:
“Jesus finds a coin in the mouth of a fish and Polykrates finds his magnificent golden ring inside a fish”.
(Jesus has always been identified with the symbol of the fish. Illustration by the French genius Gustav Dore)
HEZEKIAH AND ANCESTRAL EGYPT
The 2nd book of kings speaks of a pro-YHVH Israelite named Hezekiah who reigned in Jerusalem. Not only did this king of Judah reign in Jerusalem, he reigned there for twenty nine years.
During his reign Shalmanaser V, king of Assyria, besieged Samaria.The inhabitants of Sebastes were deported to Media (Iran). Then in Hezekiah’s 14th year an Assyrian king named Sennacheriv took the fortified cities of Judah, he occupied Lachish. Hezekiah was forced to give him the great riches of his kingdom.
Apparently Sennacheriv was not satiated by Hezekiah;s offerings, he sent representatives to Hezekiah in Jerusalem. The commander of the Assyrian army gave Hezekiah the following message:
“On whom, then, do you rely, that you rebel against me? This Egypt, the staff on which you rely, is in fact a broken reed which pierces the hand of anyone who leans on it. That is what Pharaoh, king of Egypt, is to all who rely on him.”
(II Kings 18:20-21)
Egypt? Pharaoh? II Kings 18:24 says Hezekiah relied on Egypt for chariots and horsemen. How could this be? Didn’t he have a Judean army in Jerusalem? II Kings 18:26 says that Hezekiah’s people understood Aramaic but not the Judean tongue. Then II Kings 19:9 tells us that the king of Assyria was told that Tirhakah, king of Ethiopia, had come to fight against him. Could it be possible that this Judean king who “reigned in Jerusalem” was a Cushite like Batis of Gaza?
Tarhakah was an Ethiopian king who reigned in Egypt during the XXV dynasty. It is interesting that this Tarhakah reigned during the “25” dynasty, II Kings 18:2 says that Hezekiah was “25” when he became king!
(divine standard bearing the name of Taharqa, with royal sphinx and uraei. Bronze, Louvre/Paris)
There were three Ethiopian Pharaohs in the XXV dynasty:
• Sabakos (716-702).
• Shabataku (the pro-Hephaistos Sethos-Shabataka mentioned in Herodotus 2.141). 702-690.
• Taharqa (690-664).
(colossal head of Shabako, red granite, Cairo Museum)
Three Nubian kings in the XXV dynasty? This is what we find in II Kings18:1:
“In the 3rd year of Hoshea, son of Elah, king of Israel, Hezekiah, son of Ahaz, king of Judah, began to reign.”
Three Nubian kings = in the “3rd” year of Hoshea,…in Herodotus 2.141 we see that Shabataka’s Egypt was delivered from the hand of Sennacheriv by a miracle. A plague of mice devoured the weapons of the Assyrians neutralizing them. Sethos-Shabataka was a priest of Hephaistos. Hezekiah experienced a miracle as well, based on what the 2nd book of Kings says, an “angel of the Lord” destroyed 185,000 Assyrian soldiers. Sennacheriv retreated to Nineveh (check II Kings 19:35-36).
So, the Bible tells us that Hezekiah the Judean reigned in Jerusalem but as we have seen, he seems to have an “Ethiopian flavor”. Was he a Judean? Did he reign in Jerusalem? Did he have a temple for YHVH in Jerusalem? There is an archaeological piece out there known as “the Taylor prism” which mentions Hezekiah and the Assyrian king Sennacheriv. In this piece Sennacheriv states that he imprisoned Hezekiah the Judean in his own royal city: Jerusalem.
If Hezekiah did indeed reign in what is today Jerusalem/Palestine, why did the Bible scribes mingled him with the Pharaohs of the XXV dynasty? Why is it that the Biblical story of Hezekiah is so similar to the story of the Sethos-Shabataka mentioned in the writings of Herodotus? Why so much mystery? Perhaps the Rabbis hiding something?
Note: Sennacheriv (Sin-ahhe-criba) was the son of Sargon II. Nineveh oriented Sennacheriv began reigning in Assyria in 704 B.C. He sacked Lachish (Palestine) in 701 B.C. He died in 681 B.C.
DAVID AND JONATHAN VERSUS ALEXANDER OF MACEDON AND HEPHAESTION
If we look in the Bible we will see that David had a very good relationship with a fellow named Jonathan, a Benjamite of royal blood (Saul’s son). They were very, very close friends. This “intimate” connection of theirs may in turn remind us of the great affection that Alexander the Great felt for his comrade Hephaestion. Hephaestion Amyntoros was Alexander’s boyhood friend, pretty much a brother.
(Hephaestion died in Ecbatana/Media, in the autumn of 324 B.C.E. Here we have a sculpture of Hephaestion, Prado/Spain)
Here’s what the Bible says about David and Jonathan:
• “The soul of Jonathan was knit to the soul of David, Jonathan loved him as his own soul” (I Samuel 18:1).
• “Jonathan and David made a covenant because Jonathan loved him as his own soul” (I Samuel 18:3).
• “Jonathan delighted greatly in David” (I Samuel 19:1).
• “Jonathan gave David his own robe, his armor, his sword, his bow, and his belt” (I Samuel 18:4).
It is interesting to see that Jonathan went an extra mile by giving David “HIS OWN BELT”. In ancient Macedonia a male could only be considered a man, meaning an adult, if he had killed a wild boar or a lion (only the descendant of a king could hunt a lion).
A Macedonian that would kill a man in battle would obtain A SPECIAL BELT, a visual signal of valour and prestige. So yes, it is captivating to see that Jonathan gave David that kind of gift.
Based on what we see in the Bible, it looks like David and Jonathan were more than just friends, they apparently crossed “all boundaries”. It is a known fact that Alexander and Hephaestion were lovers.
Were David and Jonathan given into unnatural sexual practices? There must be a reason why king Saul said the following words to Jonathan:
“You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse TO YOUR OWN SHAME and TO THE SHAME OF YOUR MOTHER’S NAKEDNESS?”
(I Samuel 20:30)
Everything seems to indicate that David and Jonathan did indeed cross all the boundaries of sexuality. This is what author Michael Wood says about Alexander’s intimate relationship with Hephaestion:
“His closest relationship in the tight-knit circle of young companions was with hephaestion whom he might have known from childhood. Later stories portray Hephaestion as Alexander’s alter ego, sharer of his heroic dreams, ‘another Alexander who, pointedly, loved the king ‘for himself’. On a funerary monument created soon after the king’s death, the pair are portrayed almost like divine twins, smooth-faced androgynes in association with the goddess of fortune, Tyche.”
(In the footsteps of Alexander the great, by Michael Wood. University of California Press. Berkerley Los Angeles. Pg 28)
The Biblical characters known as David and Jonathan certainly resemble Alexander and Hephaestion, no question about it. In fact, the 1st book of Maccabees speaks of a Seulecid king named “ALEXANDER” who had great affection for a Jew named “JONATHAN” (Jonathan-Apphus, brother of Judas Maccabeus). It almost sounds as if the scribe who wrote the 1st book of Maccabees had David and Jonathan in mind. This is the message that the son of Antiochus IV Epiphanes sent to Jonathan:
“King Alexander send sends greetings to his brother Jonathan. We have heard of you, that you are a mighty warrior and worthy to be our friend. We have therefore appointed you today to be high priest of your nation; you are to be called the kings friend, and you are to look after our interests and preserve amity with us.”
He also sent him A PURPLE ROBE and A CROWN OF GOLD.
(I Maccabees 10:18-20)
Isn’t this the story of David and Jonathan all over again?
A DANITE NAMED SAMSON AND THE GREEK GOD OF WINE
The Bible states that Samson, a Nazir consecrated to YHVH from the womb, ended up having indirect contact with wine. The Jewish Herakles somehow gravitated towards the ‘VINEYARDS’ of Timnah and then ripped a young lion apart as if it was a kid. Here we have two interesting elements associated with the Greek god Dionysus:
• A lion cub being ripped apart as if it was a kid.
(Dionysus riding a ‘FELINE’, mosaic from Delos depicting the Greek god Dionysus. The animal sacred to Dionysus was the leopard, not the lion)
The ‘Maenads’, the women devoted to the god of ecstasy and possession, they use to do some insane things in the name of Dionysus:
But the Maenads were not merely “Dionysus groupies.” Rather, they were women frenzied with wine. As such, they performed wild celebrations and rituals while under its spell. Dancing and singing in a crazed manner was something else they did. Often their celebrations ended in sexual activity. Another frequent result was violence. THEY WOULD TEAR LIVING CREATURES APART, man or animal. Sometimes they would feast on the raw flesh.
(Dionysus, by Russell Roberts. Mitchell Lane Publishers. Pg 22)
(the Demigod Herakles fighting the Nemean lion without using any weapons. Didn’t Samson kill a lion with his bare hands? Sixth Century B.C.. Civico Museum, Brescia)
(victorious Herakles wearing the skin of the Nemean lion. Vase-painting dating from the beginning of the 5th Century B.C.. Martin von Wagner Museum der Universitat, Wurzburg)
Obviously, Samson was a man, not a female-Maenad. But, it is undeniable that his activity in Timnah rings a bell when it comes to Dionysus, god of wine.
SAMSON’S FATHER AND MINOAN CULTURE
Based on what the Bible says, Samson’s father was a Danite from Zorah named “MANOAH”. This is interesting because the name ‘Manoah’ sounds like “Minoan”. This links Samson’s progenitor to ancient Minoan (Cretan) culture. The Rabbis refer to Crete as “Caphtor”.
(king Minus of Crete, son of Zeus & Europa, commissioned the building of a labyrinth in the basement of his palace at Cnossus, the house of the Minotaur. With the assistance of Ariadne, daughter of Minos, Theseus succeeded finding the monster. Here we see Theseus slaying the Minotaur)
There are for example some sources that identify the Jews with the famous “Caphtor”, the island that supposedly gave birth to the Phillishtim associated with Mizraim. As we have seen before, the Roman historian Cornelius Tacitus says that the Jews were Cretans like the Phillishtines and that they were named after a mountain called “Ida”.
(here’s Samson with beautiful Delilah. Samson married a Phillishti woman, slept with a prostitute in Gaza, and loved Delilah. It almost seems as if Samson had no interest in Israelite women, there must be a logical reason for that!…scene from the film ‘Samson and Delilah’ , directed by Nicolas Roeg)
So, was Samson’s progenitor a Cretan? A Greek? We don’t know for sure.
THE DEATH OF SAMSON THE DANITE
The book of Judges says that Samson killed himself in order to prevail over the Phillistine oppressors who had dishonored him. The lords of Phillistia had made a spectacle of Samson in the temple of Dagon in front of everyone. Samson prayed to his God (YHVH) one last time and his supernatural strength came back to him, he made the building collapse killing everyone in it:
‘Samson grasped the two middle columns on which the temple rested and braced himself against them, one at his right hand, the other at his left. And Samson said, “LET MY SOUL DIE WITH THE PHILLISTINES!” He pushed hard, and the temple fell upon the lords and all the people who were in it. Those he killed at his death were more than those he had killed during his lifetime.’
(Samson’s heroic suicide in the Temple of Dagon…illustration by the French genius Gustav Dore)
The Bible states this took place in Gaza. The story of Samson is somewhat similar to a story of Herakles found in the writings of Herodotus of Halicarnassus. The Greek historian Herodotus speaks about how the demigod Herakles killed a bunch of people in Egypt (thousands of men at a time). Let us not forget that Gaza was conquered by more than one Pharaoh; there were times when Gaza was an ‘extension of Egypt’. This is the tale of Herodotus:
“The Hellenes tell many different naïve stories, and their myth of Herakles is especially foolish. They say he came to Egypt and was crowned by the Egyptians, who then let him direct a procession as a sacrificial victim to Zeus; he kept silent for a while, but when they let him up to the altar, he turned on them AND WITH HIS GREAT STRENGTH MURDERED THEM ALL.”
(Herodotus, the Histories. Book 2.45)
(head of Zeus-Ammon, the Brooklyn museum, New York. Alexander the Great honored the horned Zeus-Ammon in Libya and referred to him as ‘his father’)
Obviously, the story of Samson finds an echo in the tale of Herakles:
• Samson was brought to a temple of Dagon in Gaza = Herakles was brought to a temple of Zeus/Ammon in Egypt (Egypt has borders with Gaza).
• Samson managed to slaughter all the Phillishtines that were in the temple (men and women) = Herakles ended up killing all the Egyptians who let him direct the procession.
• Samson had a ‘supernatural strength’ = Herakles is described as having ‘godly strength’, meaning an un-matched/superior strength.
Can we say that the Biblical Samson who killed the Phillishtines is the same as Herakles? Answer: No. It is however, undeniable that the story of suicidal Samson is very similar to the one of the Egyptian Herakles.
SAMSON AND THE FAMOUS TWO PILLARS
As we have already seen, in order to prevail over the Phillishtines, Samson had to press against the two main pillars of the temple of Dagon. The symbolism of the “two pillars” is significant here, it finds an echo in the fortified island of Tyre. It is said that a great hunter named Usoos set up two pillars in Tyre, one was dedicated to fire and the other one was dedicated to wind. The great hunter known as Usoos founded the religious cult of the Phoenicians by offering sacrifices at the altar he built.
(Hercules as an archer, from the east pediment of the temple of Aphaia in Aegina. Parian marble, Munich)
The great historian Herodotus also mentions ‘two pillars’ found in the Tyrian sanctuary of Herakles. One was made of refined gold and the other one was made of magnificent emerald, it glowed in the dark.
(scene from the film ‘Samson and Delilah’, directed by Cecil B. DeMille, 1949)
And again, the first book of Kings speaks of bronze worker from Tyre named Hiram (at the service of King Solomon) who built ‘two bronze columns’, 18 cubits high and 12 cubits in circumference. Both pillars were highly decorated. The column on the right was called “Jachin” and the one on the left was called “Boaz” (Chapter 7, 1st Book of Kings).
Everything seems to indicate that the idea of Samson pressing on the two main pillars of the Phillishti Temple has a connection to the temple of Herakles in Tyre. In other words: the name “HERAKLES” surfaces again. The Biblical Samson certainly has a connection with the Greek Herakles that was venerated in Tyre as Melkart.
(here we see the god Melqart riding a lion. Stele of Amrit, 550 B.C.)
A PLACE CALLED SHECHEM
The Torah speaks of a sacred city called “SHECHEM” that is intrinsically connected to Joseph. This location is very ancient; it used to belong to the Caananites:
“Having thus come from Paddan-Aram, Jacob arrived safely at the city of SHECHEM, which is in the land of Canaan, and he encamped in sight of the city. The plot of ground on which he had pitched his tent he bought for a hundred pieces of bullion from the descendants of Hamor, the founder of SHECHEM.”
Chapter 24 of the Book of Genesis states that the Caananites who originally owned that land where “Hivites” since Hamor, the father of SHECHEM, was a Hivite. Ultimately, Shechem became the inheritance of Jacob’s favorite son:
“The bones of Joseph, which the Israelites had brought up from Egypt, were buried in SHECHEM in the plot ground Jacob had bought from the sons of Hamor, father of SHECHEM, for a hundred pieces of money. This was the inheritance of the descendants of Joseph.”
(Joseph the tzadik, Jacob’s favorite son. Scene from the film “Joseph” from 1995 directed by Roger Young)
The name SHECHEM is therefore equivalent to the name JOSEPH from a symbolic perspective. When one thinks of the name “SHECHEM” he thinks that it is a Caananite or Habiru name. What exactly does the word “SHECHEM” mean? Where is it from?
SHECHEM happens to be an Egyptian name. Egyptian, not Caananite or much less Hebrew. The Egyptian word “SEKHEM” literally means ‘POWER, AUTHORITY, MIGHT, RITUAL SCEPTRE’ (to have mastery over something). The name SEKHEM is associated with the Falcon headed god “HORUS” and it was sometimes incorporated into the name of an Egyptian ruler (in ancient Egypt the Pharaoh was known as ‘the Horus’).
(Horus written in a Serekh with a falcon on top)
For example, in the second dynasty there was a king named “SEKHEMIB” (Sekhem-ib) that changed his name to ‘Peribsen’. When he changed his ‘HORUS-NAME’ he changed the whole structure; his SEREKH was topped by the Set-animal instead of the Horus falcon. Sekhemib is the first king in Egyptian history to do this. It is obvious that he believed in the triumph of Set over Horus. Some believe that Sekehmib may have been an outsider or maybe even a usurper (like the Hyksos who venerated Set). Peribsen’s tomb is found in Abydos.
(Set-Typhon: Egyptian Lord of confusion and chaos)
Another Egyptian ruler bearing the name ‘SEKHEM’ was “KHASEKHEMWY (Kha-Sekhem-Wy) of the 2nd dynasty. His name literally means ‘the two Lords (HORUS & SET) are at rest with him’; some scholars believe that Khasekhemwy united Lower Egypt with Upper Egypt. Khasekhemwy’s tomb is also found in Abydos.
(Horus and Set, the two gods stand in amity on top of the Serekh)
(the Egyptian god Osiris was known as “SEKHEM-O”, meaning “having great power”. Painting from the tomb of Sennejem)
So, as we can see, the name ‘SEKHEM’ goes back a long way,…all the way back to the holy wars between Horus and Set. In fact, Chapter 24 of the Book of Genesis mentions an incident that might remind us of the “HORUS-SET CONFLICT”. At one point the sons of Jacob (Set?) struggled with the sons of Hamor, the father of Shechem (Horus?). Jacob made a covenant with the Caananites and agreed to become one people: a diplomatic reconciliation that might remind us of the name “KHA-SEKHEM-WY” (the two Lords are at rest with him). Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, they tricked the Hivites and massacred them all…
(in the times of Amenhotep IV [Akhenaton] Shechem was a popular region in Canaan and it was under the control of a certain ‘Labayu’. We know this from the “El-Amarna Letters”)
Either way, the name “SHECHEM” is obviously an Egyptian name, a very, very ancient Egyptian name.
DAVID AND SINUHE
During the reign of Saul BenKish a giant warrior of Phillishtia defied the ranks of Israel. This champion was known as Goliath of Gath, he was almost seven feet tall and he wore bronze armor like the Ionians and the Carians. Goliath ridiculed Israel for forty consecutive days, the Israelites were terrified.
(Herodotus says that Pharaoh Sesostris erected a pillar in Palestinian-Syria depicting the genitals of a female, wishing to publicize their lack of courage. He did this to all the cities he took easily without a fight. Herodotus, the Histories, Book 2.106)
The titan of Gath asked for a match. If he would be victorious, Israel would serve the Phillishtines,…if Israel would be able to prevail, then the Phillishtines would become Israel’s vassals.
A young man named David accepted the challenge even though he was not necessarily a warrior so to speak. He was from Bethlehem/Judah and he was the son of an Ephratite named Jesse. David had faith, he believe that victory was achievable. This is what happened:
“David put his hand into the bag and took out a stone, hurled it with the sling, and struck the Phillishtine on the forehead. The stone embedded itself in his brows and he fell postrate to the ground.”
(I Samuel 17:49)
(wall carving depicting Assyrian slingers at the siege of Lachish)
Once David had struck the Phillishtine mortally, he took his own sword (Goliath’s) and cut his head off.
(David contemplating the death of Goliath, by Orazio Gentileschi. 1563-1639)
This marvelous Biblical story is similar to the story of an official of Pharaoh Amenemhet I: Sinuhe (son of the Sycamore). Sinuhe was a prominent Egyptian noble at the court of Pharaoh Amenemhet (founder of the XII dynasty), he also served Neferu, pharaoh’s daughter and her husband Senwosret.
(pharaoh Amenemhet I [Sehetepibre], 1991-1962)
Thirty years after he had seized power, Amenemhet sent his son Senwosret off on a campaign to Libya. While virile Senwosret was gone, disaster struck in Egypt: pharaoh Amenemhet I was murdered by conspirators. Sinuhe inadvertently witnessed the plot to take over Egypt. Fearing assassination, he fled to Syria-Palestine. Senwusret I become the official ruler of Egypt.
(limestone at Karnak depicting Senwosret I honoring Ptah of Memphis. Senwosret I [Kheperkhare], 1971-1926)
The people of Syria-Palestine showed kindness to Sinuhe. Sinuhe became an overseer in the land of the Asiatics. Sinuhe stayed in Byblos for a long time until he ran into the ruler of Northern Syria-Palestine: Ammunenshi. Sinuhe was favored by Ammunenshi, the man gave Sinuhe his oldest daughter and gave him land; Sinuhe settled in the land of ‘Yaa’.
(Caananite supreme deity in bronze)
Something unexpected disrupted the harmony of the land: a very strong warrior of Syria, a man without equal, challenged the noble Sinuhe to a duel. The titan lusted after Sinuhe’s livestock plus he envied Sinuhe’s status in the community. The match was indeed presenced by half of Syria-Palestine, most people identified with Sinuhe, they wanted him to win.
The jealous champion had a shield, an axe, and javelins. When he finally rushed towards Sinuhe, he was shot in the neck with an arrow. With a loud cry the Syrian fell on his face mortally wounded. Sinuhe beheaded him with his own axe (the Syrian’s axe). The crowds thundered their applause praising the honorable and courageous Sinuhe. The tale of Sinuhe, doesn’t it ring a bell when it comes to David? Doesn’t this tale remind us of the ruddy youth that prevailed over Goliath? Let us dissect the events:
• A great warrior of Phillishtia named Goliath challenges Israel and fights David: a Syrian champion, a warrior without equal, challenges Sinuhe to a duel.
• David defeats Goliath: Sinuhe prevails over the Syrian titan that appeared to be invincible.
• When David struck Goliath mortally, Goliath fell ‘postrate’ to the ground:
when Sinuhe shot his adversary in the neck, he fell on his face.
• David decapitated Goliath using Goliath’s own sword: Sinuhe cut off the Syrian’s head using the man’s own axe.
• Israel praises victorious David: the people of Syria-Palestine applaud Sinuhe.
It is more than obvious that the story of the son of Jesse is similar to the story of Sinuhe. David is not Sinuhe and Sinuhe is not David, but…there are undeniable parallels here.
Despite the wealth, respect, and the adventure that Sinuhe enjoyed in Ammunenshi’s land, Sinuhe ends up returning to Egypt. Pharaoh Senwosret I treats him well.
SAUL, DAVID, AND DIONYSUS
If we scrutinize the Bible we will see that sometimes Saul and David were involved in “strange practices” of pagan aroma, practices that might take us all the way back to the times of Dionysus.
The first book of Samuel depicts Saul as a demented Greek who was into some type of trance:
“And he also stripped off his clothes and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Therefore they say, ‘Is Saul also among the prophets?’”
(I Samuel 19:24)
(the Greek god Dionysus. Bas-relief from Herculaneum, National Museum, naples)
An Israelite of royal blood naked for many hours in front of Israelite men? Prophesizing? Doesn’t that ring a bell when it comes to the bizarre rituals of the Greeks who crossed all limits? The Saul mentioned in this passage, doesn’t he remind us of a drunken Phillip of Macedon going crazy in an orgy?
(here we have Olympias, Phillip, and young Alexander. Notice that Olympias seems to be in some type of “ecstatic trance”. Ivory from Vergina. Thessalonika museum/Greece)
Saul is not the only one in this situation,… David did some strange things too. The 2nd book of Samuel says or better said, “implies” that David danced naked before the ark of YHVH.
“Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, ‘how glorious was the king of Israel today, UNCOVERING HIMSELF today in the eyes of the maids of his servants, AS ONE OF THE BASE FELLOWS SHAMELESSLY UNCOVERS HIMSELF.”
(II Samuel 6:20)
Doesn’t this remind us of drunken Macedonians going crazy in Carmania? Didn’t Alexander the Great fornicate publicly in the name of Dionysus? Didn’t he participate in insane orgies?
HEROD I AND EMPEROR CARACALLA
The scriptures talk about a Judean king named Herod. Herod I was the 2nd son of an Idumean named Antipater of Cypros, he reigned in Palestine from 37 to 4 B.C.E. Herod established his rule on the basis of Roman patronage, he was “Rex socius et amicus populi Romani”. Herod married a noble woman named Mariamne in order to attach to the Hasmonean dynasty.
(bronze statue of Augustus [Octavian]. The Senate, on the advice of Anthony & Octavian, proclaimed Herod king of Judea. Herod attained the pinnacle of his power during the period of Octavian’s rule in Rome as Augustus. Bust of Augustus, British Museum of London)
History remembers Herod I as a great builder but it also remembers him as a genocidal freak, a child killer. Based on what the New Testament says, Herod tried to locate the soul of a revolutionary that was supposed to incarnate somewhere in the territory of Judah: the Christ. Herod wanted to eliminate this adversary before he would reach adulthood. In order to fulfill this secret agenda Herod spoke to wise men from Persia (the Magi) hoping that they would guide him to the Christ.
The Magi found the child in Bethlehem, they blessed him and then banished from Palestine (they did not report back to Herod). Herod got very angry…
“When Herod realized that he had been deceived by the Magi, he became furious. He ordered the massacre of all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity two years old and under, in accordance with the time he had ascertained from the Magi.”
(Herod’s despicable deed. Illustration by the French genius Gustav Dore)
The parents of Jesus, meaning Joseph and Miriam, they fled to Egypt in order to avoid Herod’s wrath. After Herod’s death they returned to Palestine and settled in Nazareth. So, based in what the Bible says, Herod I, son of Antipater, was guilty of infanticide. It is interesting to see that Herod’s atrocity is recorded in Christian tradition but not in Jewish tradition. No Jewish source says that king Herod I did such thing.
Herod’s somber tale finds an echo in Alexandria, in the times of the ruthless Roman emperor Caracalla (Julius Bassianus).
(Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Pius Augustus. Caracalla was born in Gaul on April 4, 188. He died near Carrhae in Mesopotamia on April 8, 217. Marble bust of Caracalla, Museo Nazionale, Naples)
Caracalla was the son of Septimius Severus, the first Roman emperor to be born in North Africa (he was born in Lepcis Magna, Libya).
(Imperator Caesar Lucius Septimius Severus Pertinax Augustus, he died in Britain on February 4th, 211)
Caracalla was a bloody man, he reigned from 198 to 217; he is remembered as a merciless-cold blooded butcher. On the Winter of 215, Alexanderish Caracalla visited Alexandria, the 2nd largest city in the empire; he received a splendid reception (the city’s population was half a million). Something went wrong, terribly wrong,…on December 215 Caracalla committed a hideous atrocity, he murdered 25,000 Alexandrian youths regardless of race or creed. He killed them by the city walls,… the governor of the city was publicly executed. This ugly event is remembered as “THE FURY OF CARACALLA”. He destroyed the flower of Alexandria’s youth scarring the city for generations to come. 25,000 citizens of Alexandria murdered because of the pride of a man!!!
(mosaic depicting the city of Alexandria personified. Greco-Roman museum, Alexandria, 3rd century B.C.)
Let us try decoding this puzzle:
• Herod I summons the Persian Magi in order to locate the Messiah of the Jews: Both Severus and Caracalla fought against the Parthians. Let us not forget that Septimius Severus was very interested in ‘ASTROLOGY’.
• An angel of the Lord tells Joseph to flee to Egypt temporarily, Joseph, Miriam, and Jesus escape to Egypt: Herod had a brother named ‘Joseph’ plus his wife’s name was ‘Mariamne’.
• Herod becomes enraged when he finds out that he has been deceived by the wise men of Persia: Caracalla feels like the Alexandrians had mocked him because of his idea of marrying his mother.
• Herod commits an infanticide in Bethlehem; he kills all male babies that are two years old or younger: Caracalla loses his mind and kills 25,000 Alexandrian youths, an absolute horror.
Can we say that Herod is Caracalla? Answer: No. Herod is not Caracalla and Caracalla is not Herod. But, Herod’s infanticide is mirrored in the gruesome actions of Caracalla. Julius Bassianus died near Carrhae in Mesopotamia on April 8, 217. He was stabbed by one of his own bodyguards, a folk named Martialis.
JOSEPH THE ISRAELITE AND BATA THE EGYPTIAN
As we already know, a group of Ishmaelites bought Joseph Ha Tzadik and took him to Egypt. There Potiphar, chief stewart of Pharaoh, purchased Joseph and brought him into his household:
“When his master saw that the Lord was with him and brought him success in whatever he did, he took a liking of Joseph and made him his personal attendant, he put him in charge of his household and entrusted to him all his possessions.”
Potiphar’s wife cast her eyes on Joseph. Joseph was strikingly handsome in countenance and in body; so…Potiphar’s woman lusted after him. Eventually, she asked Joseph to sleep with her but Joseph refused. Joseph was righteous, blameless, and honorable.
Potiphar’s wife didn’t give up so easily, she enticed Joseph day after day hoping that he would ‘give in’ somehow. But no matter what she did, Joseph would not sleep with her. In fact, he would not even stay near her. When Potiphar’s wife realized that Joseph was not going to do what she wanted, she became furious and plotted against blameless Joseph. She tried to make people believe that Joseph had tried to force himself upon her. An absolute lie!
Genesis 39:20 says that Potiphar was upset and that he threw Joseph into the jail of royal prisoners. One way or another Joseph rose from the bottom of the pit, he was summoned to Pharaoh’s court. When wise and discerning Joseph interpreted Pharaoh’s dreams effectively (doing a great service to Egypt), Pharaoh rewarded him by putting him in charge of all the land of Egypt.
(Joseph the Tzadik interpreting Pharaoh’s dreams. Illustration by the French genius Gustav Dore)
There is an Egyptian story (a non-Jewish story) written in a hieratic style on a papyrus that rings a bell when it comes to Joseph Ha Tzadik. The papyrus relates the controversial tale of two brothers: Anubis and Bata (the manuscript of Anubis and Bata is preserved in the British Museum of London).
Anubis and Bata were brothers. Anubis was the older and Bata was the youngest, Bata was a righteous person. Anubis was a villager, he was married and he owned his own house. Bata was under Anubis care and lived with him like a son.
In return for living in Anubis’ house and for wearing the clothes Anubis gave him, Bata served Anubis. Bata herded the cattle, plowed the fields, tended his crops, and brought in the harvest. Bata even cooked for Anubis. Like Joseph, Bata prospered in everything he did.
One day Anubis’ wife tried to seduce Bata, she lusted after his built physique. She tried to convince him to make love to her but Bata would not do it. She even jumped up and threw her arms around him hoping that he would give in. Bata was angry, and shouted at her that she and her husband were like mother and father to him, there was no way he would betray his brother. Bata asked the woman to please forget about the whole thing.
Anubis’ wife feared getting in trouble so she began a slandering campaign against blameless Bata (demonizing him); she did all she could in order to make Bata look like a perverted ingrate. Her inflammatory words intoxicated Anubis’ soul. Blinded by anger, Anubis hunted his younger brother hoping to kill him with a spear.
Bata, now a fugitive, was broken in spirit; he poured his heart before his divine patron “Ra-Harakhti”, asking for justice and deliverance. Ra heard Bata’s prayer and protected Bata from Anubis’ unjustified wrath.
(Ra-Horakhte, Falcon-headed god. Stela of Taperet, louvre/Paris)
Eventually, the day came when Anubis realized that he had made a terrible mistake. Anubis understood that Bata was a pure soul, a man of truth.
(afterlife ritual by the jackal-headed god Anubis and the scribe Thoth, “weighing of the heart ceremony”)
(Egyptian relief of Ma’at, goddess of “Truth”)
Anubis and Bata reconciled. Anubis became Pharaoh and Bata succeeded him.
(the Bible states that Joseph married the daughter of an Egyptian priest, her name was ‘Asenath’. Some scholars have connected the mother of Ephraim and Manasseh with the Egyptian goddess “Neith”. Asenath [Ase-Nath] : Neith)
Obviously, Anubis is not the Biblical Potiphar and Bata is not the Biblical Joseph. But, it is impossible to deny the similarities between both stories. Let us decode this puzzle:
• Joseph serves his master Potiphar: Bata serves his older brother Anubis.
• Potiphar’s household prospers because of Joseph’s skills: Bata takes care of Anubis’ household; the house prospers because of Bata’s talents.
• Potiphar’s wife tries to seduce Joseph, she asks him repeatedly to sleep with her: Anubis’ wife lusts after Bata, she does all she can in order to make him lay with her.
• Genesis 39:6 says that Joseph was very handsome both in countenance and in body. Anubis’ wife praises Bata’s strength and his ‘bulging muscles’.
• Joseph rejects the offers of Potiphar’s wife: Bata rejects the offers of Anubis’ wife.
• Potiphar’s wife laid hold of Joseph’s cloak (leaving the cloak in her hand) when he was turning away. Joseph flees her presence without touching her: Anubis’ wife says to Bata that if he lies with her she will sew ‘new clothes’ for him. Joseph’s cloak = new clothes for Bata.
• Potiphar’s wife falsely accuses Joseph of sexual misconduct: Anubis’ wife falsely accuses Bata of sexual misconduct.
• Potiphar becomes angry and throws Joseph in jail: Anubis becomes angry and hunts his younger brother hoping to kill him.
• Great Pharaoh rewards Joseph for doing a great service to the nation (the interpretation of Pharaoh’s dreams), he puts him in charge of all the land of Egypt: Sometime after realizing that Bata is innocent, Anubis becomes Pharaoh. Bata succeeds him as Pharaoh.
Again: Joseph is not Bata and Bata is not Joseph,…Potiphar is not Anubis and Anubis is not Potiphar. But, the similarities here cannot be denied.
(the tale of Anubis and Bata is from the times of Pharaoh Seti II [Userkheperure Setepenre], XIX dynasty. Seti II was the son of Merenptah and Isetnofret)
JOSHUA BEN NUN & THE WALLS OF JERICHO
There was once a monarch named Kirta that experienced many calamities in his lifetime. Kirta, son of ‘EL’ was the ruler of Ugarit (Ras-Shamra). His divine patron spoke to him telling him to wage war against a fortified city called ‘Udum’. El commands Kirta to gather a six-month supply of food for an army of 300,000 soldiers in order to lay siege on Udum.
El warns Kirta telling him not to attack “THE WALLS OF THE CITY” but to cut the inhabitants off for “SEVEN DAYS”. The goal was to force the king of Udum to give in and beg for peace. The king of Udum at that time was a folk named Pabil. Pabil gave in. Kirta sealed a covenant between Ugarit and Udum by marrying Hurriya, Pabil’s daughter. Kirta also made a bow to the goddess Asherah, protector of Phoenicia.
Kirta,…what does he have to do with the Bible? His story could remind us of Joshua’s affairs in Jericho, the famous fortified city of Canaan.
(Jericho, aerial view. Northern wing of Herod’s palace)
Based on what the Scriptures say, Joshua Ben Nun, loyal servant of YHVH, ordered his soldiers to circle Jericho; marching around it for six consecutive days (‘SEVEN’ priests carried the ram’s horns ahead of the ark of the Covenant). On the ‘SEVENTH DAY’ the Israelites marched around the city of Jericho ‘SEVEN TIMES’. The priests blew the horns and the walls of Jericho collapsed.
(the fall of Jericho. Illustration by the French genius Gustav Dore)
The Rabbinical commentaries state that Joshua ended up marrying Rahab, the Caananite prostitute that assisted the spies sent by Joshua. Rahab was a citizen of Jericho, since she did a great service to Israel, her life was spared.
Now, let us compare the tale of Kirta and the tale of Joshua ben Nun:
• The Caananite God “El” tells Kirta, king of Ugarit, to conquer the fortified city of Udum: YHVH, God of Israel, commands Joshua Ben Nun to conquer the fortified city of Jericho.
• ‘El’ tells Kirta not to attack “THE CITY WALLS” but to cut the inhabitants off for “SEVEN DAYS”: On the “SEVENTH DAY” the Israelites marched around Jericho “SEVEN TIMES”. “SEVEN PRIESTS” were carrying the ram’s horns ahead of the ark.
• Kirta does not destroy ‘THE WALLS’ of Udum: the priests blow the horns making ‘THE WALLS OF JERICHO’ collapse. Both incidents have one thing in common = the walls of a fortified city that is supposed to be conquered.
• Kirta marries Pabil’s daughter, a woman named Hurriya. He makes a bow to the goddess Asherah: The Midrash says that Joshua Ben Nun married the Caananite prostitute Rahab (the cult of Asherah-Astarte was associated with ‘RITUAL PROSTITUTION’).
• As we have already seen, Kirta made a vow at the sanctuary of Asherah but fails to fulfill it. The goddess afflicts Kirta with a fever that cannot be cured: Joshua 7:1 declares that Achan, son of Carmi, son of “ZERAH” (Zerah = Asherah) committed a trespass. Achan, descendat of Zerah, is stoned to death.
• After having conquered Jericho, Joshua made an oath declaring that whoever attempts to re-build Jericho shall lose his first born when he lays its foundation: Kirta’s son, Yassib, tries to seize the throne of Ugarit. Kirta pronounces a curse upon his rebellious son.
• Joshua also stated that he who re-builds Jericho shall lose ‘HIS YOUNGEST’ son when he sets up the gates of the city: Since Kirta failed to keep his vow to Asherah he is left only with ‘HIS YOUNGEST’ daughter as heir of his household.
So, can we say that Joshua ben Nun is Kirta? Answer: No. Joshua is not Kirta and Kirta is not Joshua,…Jericho is not Udum and Udum is not Jericho. But, the stories are similar.
Note: the stories of Kirta were recovered at Ugarit in Syria, they are written in clay tablets in the Ugaritic tongue using an alphabetic cuneiform script. These tablets are preserved in the Louvre in Paris.
THE DARK SIDE OF KIRTA (before the war).
‘Perish the day on which I was born, the night when they said, “The child is a boy”. May that day be darkness; let not God above call for it, nor light shine upon it! May darkness and gloom claim it, clouds settle upon it, the blackness of night affright it!’
There is another side to the story of Kirta, king of Ugarit,…a much darker side to it. Kirta was sole ruler of Ugarit but, he was not really successful in his endeavors. He was a man of misfortune,… a man bewitched by tragedy. One could say that the Syrian known as Kirta was “CALAMITY INCARNATE”.
Based on the information found in the clay tablets written in the Ugaritic tongue, these are more or less the things that Kirta experienced in his lifetime:
• Kirta’s household was destroyed.
• The home of his seven brothers: gone.
• His first wife was infertile.
• His second wife died childless.
• His third wife died childless.
• His fourth wife died childless (by disease).
• His fifth wife died childless (also by disease).
• His sixth wife died childless (she drowned).
• His seventh wife died childless (during wartime).
• His eighth wife (the daughter of a king) gave birth to sons & daughters, none of them survived except Kirta’s youngest daughter.
• At some point Kirta is stricken with a fever that cannot be cured, he prepares to die (he is healed by a mere miracle).
• His favorite son (Yassib) tries to dethrone him; Kirta curses his beloved son.
• Because of all his Dantesque situations and infirmities, Kirta exposed his kingdom to danger. Kirta’s land appears to have been in revolt during his reign.
(the Assyrian/Babylonian god Pazuzu, lord of all fevers and plagues. Louvre/Paris)
Obviously, Kirta was destined to suffer tremendously in his lifetime, he was a man consumed by tragedy. Calamity after calamity…! This Syrian ruler named Kirta, who does he remind us of? What is the most unfortunate character in the Old Testament? Is not an upright man of Uz named Job?
The Bible says that Job was the greatest man in the East; he was a politician like Kirta. He was blessed with many sons and daughters plus he was very wealthy, he had all kinds of material possessions. All of the sudden, Job begins to experience trial after trial, misfortune after misfortune…he loses his precious sons and daughters, he loses his material possessions, and he sees his land raided by bandits. As if none of this was enough, Job is stricken with severe boils all over his skin…he sits on ashes and his wife tells him to curse God and die. Job was upright and blameless but he was human, flesh and blood. Therefore, even though he was a practitioner of righteousness, he curses his own life (in front of friends that appeared to be loyal to him).
(painting by Leon Bonnat [1833-1922], Job)
Job is restored to blessing and to prosperity, his wounds are healed. Based on what the Bible says, God gave him twice as much as he had before. Job is blessed with seven sons and with three ‘drop-dead gorgeous’ daughters. Job lived one hundred and forty years.
Kirta and Job share the following similarities:
• Both Kirta and Job undergo extremely horrible situations, calamity after calamity.
• Kirta had seven wives that could give him no sons or daughters plus, most of the offspring of his seventh wife is wiped out: Job loses his original family, meaning his sons and his daughters.
• Kirta’s problems reflect on his kingdom, it appears as if his kingdom was in revolt: Job loses his material possessions and sees his land ravaged by bandits (his dominion is threatened).
• Kirta was afflicted with a very severe fever that could not be cured (he is healed eventually): Job’s skin was stricken with severe boils, a plague that could not be cured.
• Kirta’s spirit is broken, he engages in a ritual of incubation during which he sleeps in the sanctuary of his God “El”: Job 2:8 states that when Job is stricken with boils, he sits among ashes.
• Kirta appears to recover a bit when he marries the daughter of the king of Udum, he bears him children (as we saw it before, most of them did not survive): Job is restored to blessing and prosperity.
So, can we say that Kirta is Job? Answer: No. Kirta is not Job and Job is not Kirta, but,…both stories share similarities.
DAVID & ALEXANDER’S TROY
I Samuel 27:7 states that David resided with Achish, king of Gath for one year and some months. David served the Phillishti king even though they were adversaries of Judah & Israel. Some scholars believe that Achish, the son of Maoch, is really “ANCHISES”, king of Troy. Anchises was a cousin of king Priam plus he was the father of “AENEAS”, the progenitor of the Roman peoples (Anchises died in Sicily).
(map of Troy, in modern Turkey)
What about Alexander and Hephaestion? Weren’t they admirers of Troy? Didn’t Alexander see himself as a Macedonian Achilles? Didn’t Hephaestion see himself as a Patroclus? It is said that in 334 B.C.E. both Alexander and Hephaestion placed a commemorative wreath in the tomb of Achilles (a conical tumulus at Besika Bay/Turkey). Some sources say that when they got there they stripped naked, cut off locks of hair, and ran around the sacred tomb.
It is said that when Alexander was about to die, he spoke about building a magnificent temple to Athena at Illium Nova (New Troy). Alexander had honored the warrior goddess in Troy.
(the warrior-goddess “ATHENA”. From the West pediment of the ‘Temple of Aphaia’ on Aegina. Pariah marble, Munich)
Either way, it is interesting to see that David had some type of connection with the “Illium” venerated by Alexander.
JEPHTHAH’S DAUGHTER AND IPHIGENIA
The book of Judges speaks of a brave man who made a stand for the nation of Israel in a time of national stress: Jephthah, son of Gilead. When the Ammonites were threatening Israel with cruel slavery, the elders of Gilead appointed Jephthah as commander of Israel. Jephthah proved to be an effective leader, he fought bravely against the Ammonites; he ultimately defeated them. Since the Ammonites were not an ‘easy bone’ so to speak, Jephthah made a bow to YHVH before engaging in combat, these were his words:
“If you deliver the Ammonites into my power”, he said, “whoever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in triumph from the Ammonites shall belong to the Lord. I shall offer him as a holocaust.”
As we already know, Jephthah prevailed upon the people of Ammon. He never imagined though (not even in his wildest dreams) that he would have to sacrifice his own daughter, his own flesh and blood:
When Jephthah returned to his house in Mizpah, it was his daughter who came forth, playing the tambourines and dancing. She was an only child: he had neither son nor daughter besides her. When he saw her, he rent his garments and said, “Alas, daughter, you have struck me down and brought calamity upon me. For I have made a vow to the Lord and I cannot retract.”
Judges 11:39 implies that Jephthah indeed offered his virgin daughter as a holocaust to YHVH, God of Israel. The sad story of Jephthah might take us all the way back to the times of Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and father of princess “Iphigenia” (daughter of Clytemnestra).
Agamemnon, brother of Menelaos, king of Sparta, recruited thousands of Greeks in order to conquer the fortified city of Troy. King Agamemnon was determined to conquer Troy; he was willing to sacrifice thousands and thousands of Greeks if necessary (he had many allies).
(Achilles, hero of the Trojan war. Leader of the Myrmidons, at the service of Agamemnon. Achilles defeated Hector, Priam’s son. Vase-painting of the Classical period, Museo Vaticano)
When the Troyan prince Paris carried off Helen of Sparta (Menelaos’ wife) to his country, Agamemnon had the perfect excuse to invade Troy since Menelaos was his brother. The Troyan war was inevitable, Agamemnon was pleased! Agamemnon’s hordes fought ferociously against the Troyans, they fought with all their might but they could not subdue the Troyans. As we mentioned before, king Agamemnon was willing to do ‘ANYTHING’ in order to conquer Priam’s city, so…he took the most extreme measure, he decided to offer his own virgin daughter as a holocaust:
“Assembled a second time at Aulis, the Greeks were delayed by unfavorable winds, for Agamemnon, by killing a hart, had vexed Artemis. Calchas foretold that only the sacrifice of Agamemnon’s daughter Iphigenia would appease the goddess, and Agamemnon reluctantly gave his consent, though some say that Artemis snatched Iphigenia from the altar and bore her off to Tauris.”
(Pears encyclopedia of myths and legends [the ancient near east and middle east ancient Greece and Rome], Classical Greece and Rome. By Elizabeth Locke and Sheila Savill. Pelham books, pg 167)
(the goddess Artemis, from the Parthenon of the Athenian acropolis, east frieze. Pentelic marble, Acropolis Museum, Athens)
Agamemnon did indeed conquer Troy (a combination of sagacity and military might).
(Agamemnon’s Greeks planted a giant wooden horse inside the walls of Troy, inside the horse were the warriors that would ruin Troy forever. Archaic scene of the famous Trojan horse, from the neck of a big pot from Mikonos, c. 675 B.C. made approximately 50 years after the lifetime of Homer)
It is said that in the end the insatiable king (Agamemnon) was killed by a man named Aegisthus and that his wife (Clytemnestra, Agamemnon’s wife) beheaded him with an axe.
As far as Iphigenia goes, the writings of Herodotus indicate that the Taurians that live by the Black Sea sacrifice to the virgin Iphigenia; they sacrifice those who have been shipwrecked or any Hellenes they can take at sea. This is how they honor Iphigenia (Herodotus, the Histories. Book 4.103).
So, let us decode the Jephthah-Agamemnon puzzle:
• Jephthah the Israelite is determined to defeat the Ammonites: king Agamemnon is determined to conquer Troy (no matter how many Greek soldiers have to be sacrificed).
• Jephthah makes a vow to YHVH promising to sacrifice whoever would come out of his house once he would have triumphed: Agamemnon offers his daughter Iphigenia as a holocaust to the goddess Artemis.
• Jephthah sacrifices his virgin daughter: Agamemnon sacrifices his virgin daughter.
• It became customary in Israel to mourn the death of Jephthah’s daughter four times a year: the Taurians of the Black Sea adopted the custom of sacrificing humans to Iphigenia.
We cannot say that the Biblical Jephthah is Agamemnon or that Jephthah’s virgin daughter is Iphigenia…then again, both stories are similar.
HEBRON: HITTITES AND EGYPTIANS
Hebron is one of the holy cities of the Jewish people; Jewish tradition indicates that the Patriarchs and matriarchs of the Jewish people are buried there. What most people don’t know is that Hebron is somehow associated with ancient Egypt. When the Israelites were reconnoitering the Land, Hebron was considered to be a city more ancient than Tanis (Tso’an) in Egypt:
“Going up by the way of the Negev, they reached Hebron, where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, descendants of the Anakim, were living. Hebron had been built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.”
Why is the Torah comparing the Caananite city of Hebron with Zoan (Djanet) in Lower Egypt? What is the mystery here? Well, based on what the Bible says, Hebron was property of the Hittites, an Anatolian people. Abraham purchased the field of Machpelah in Hebron for 400 shekels of silver. But, the fact of the matter is that Hebron was once owned by Hittites (Chatti people).
Why is this significant? The writings of the Greek historian Herodotus state that at one point Pharaoh Psammenticos I determined by a social experiment that the Phrygians (a Hittite people) were the earliest people on earth (not the Egyptians). Psammenticos’ developmental experiment lasted for two consecutive years:
“When he inquired which people might use the word ‘bekos’, he discovered that the word ‘bekos’ means bread in the Phrygian language. Thus the Egyptians accepted this evidence and concluded that the Phrygians are older than themselves.”
(Herodotus, the Histories. Book 2. 4-5)
Chapter 13th of the book of Numbers connects Hebron (originally a ‘Hittite’ region) with a location in Lower Egypt and Pharaoh Psammenticos concluded that the Phrygians (Hittites) were older than the Egyptians.
What about the name ‘HEBRON’? Is Hebron a Hebrew name? We have already seen that the location called Shechem is connected to ancient Egypt. The name Hebron might remind us of a pharaoh from the IV dynasty: Khephren, son of Khufu and throne successor of Djedefre. If we decode the name Khephren we will see that it actually resembles the name ‘Hebron’:
(diorite statue of pharaoh Chephren discovered at Giza, at the valley temple of Khephren. Chephren is remembered as a cruel ruler)
The word ‘HEBRON’ is actually pronounced ‘Chebron’ with the Hebrew letter “Chet”, not ‘Hebron’ with a “Heh”. There’s no indication that pharaoh Chephren had a direct association with the Caananite location of Hebron. But, there must be a logical reason why Chapter 13th of the Book of Numbers is associating Hebron with ancient Egypt. The one thing we know for sure is that in the XVIII dynasty there was a Pharaoh that went by the name ‘CHEBRON’: Thutmoses II, son of Thutmoses I. This means that “CHEBRON” is certainly an Egyptian name, not a Hebrew one.
(relief of pharaoh Thutmoses II in Karnak)
Once again: ‘CHEBRON’ is a name of Egyptian origin that was adopted by the Israelites at some point. Chebron “IS NOT” a Hebrew name.
JACOB AND LABAN
Providence determined that the wanderer known as Jacob would sojourn in the land of Paddan-Aram. There Jacob got in touch with his mother side of the family, he got a hold of Laban, his ‘business oriented’ uncle. Laban, son of Haran, gave Jacob a splendid reception.
During the visit Jacob fell in love with Rachel, one of the daughters of Laban. In order to consummate the marriage, Jacob had to pay the customary bridal price so,…since he was destitute, he served Laban for seven consecutive years taking care of Laban’s livestock. When the seven year term was fulfilled; Laban tricked Jacob forcing him to marry his older daughter instead (Leah). Jacob served Laban for seven more years. Eventually Laban had no choice but to give Jacob Rachel.
As the years passed Jacob prospers: he came to own large flocks, servants, camels, and asses. One day Jacob gathered his wives, his children, and his possessions and departed from his deceitful uncle (secretly). Laban realizes that Jacob has fled from him; he pursues him and finds him in Gilead. Both Laban and Jacob decide to put their differences aside, they take vows. A mound of stones is made as a witness between the two parties. This is what Laban, son of Haran said to Jacob:
“Here is this mound, and here is the memorial stone that I have set up between you and me. This mound shall be a witness, and this memorial stone shall be a witness, that, with hostile intent, neither may I pass beyond this mound into your territory nor may you pass beyond it into mine.”
Laban and Jacob shared a meal on the mound; Laban called the place ‘Jagar-Sahadutta’ and Jacob called it Galeed (also ‘Mizpah’). They both swore sacred oaths by their gods.
(artifact of Hittite civilization, stone bas relief)
The covenant sealed between Laban and Jacob could remind us of a remarkable treaty that took place sometime in 1259 B.C. between two superpowers: Egypt and Hatti. The sacred covenant was sealed between Pharaoh Ramsses II the Great (XIX dynasty) and Hattusilis III of Hatti. After Ramsses II fought against Mutwatalli at the battle of Kadesh (in Syria), the resources of both nations were pretty much drained. Both Egypt and Hatti wanted “absolute dominion” but, they both knew that they needed recovery.
(relief at Abu Simbel depicting Ramsses II in his war chariot)
So, Egypt and Hatti negotiated with each other sixteen years after the battle of Kadesh (on the 21st year of Ramsses). These were the terms of the monumental treaty:
• Non-aggression: Peace and eternal alliance between Egypt and Hatti, never again to engage in war. This was to be observed by Ramsses II and Hattusilis III and by the future generations.
• Military assistance: if necessary, one nation would give the other military assistance (in case a foreign army would invade).
• Extradition: guarantee of extradition of powerful individuals (fugitives).
• Succession: in case of revolt in Hatti, Egypt would assist the son of Hattusilis III (Tudhaliya IV).
The treaty was signed by:
• Ramsses II, pharaoh of Egypt, son of Seti, pharaoh of Egypt, son of Ramsses, pharaoh of Egypt.
• Hattusilis III, great king of Hatti, son of Mursilis, great king of Hatti, grandson of Suppiluliumas, great king of Hatti (Hattusilis III was the brother of Mutwatalli, Mutwatalli died in 1273 B.C.)
(pharaoh Ramsses II the great)
(bas-relief showing the Hittite moon god and winged sun god riding a lion)
The Egyptian and Hittite editions of the treaty were discovered in the 1900’s by archaeologists. The Egyptian edition was carved in hieroglyphs on the walls of the house of Amun in Karnak, also on the walls of Ramsses’ funeral chapel (the Ramesseum) on the west bank of the Nile opposite Thebes. The Hittite edition was written on clay tablets in cuneiform, in Akkadian. The tablets were discovered in the archives of Hattusas, Hittite capital (today in the Ankara museum, in Turkey).
To strengthen the alliance between both empires, Hattusilis III gave Ramsses II a daughter in marriage. Ramsses welcomed her as “consort of the Great King, Mistress of the two countries”. The event was commemorated with a carving on the south side of the temple of Abu Simbel.
We cannot say that the pact between Laban and Jacob was somehow inspired by the pact between Ramsses II and Hattusilis III. Then again, the treaty observed by Ramsses and Hattusilis “COULD” remind us of the story of Laban and Jacob.
CLEITUS THE BLACK AND ABISHAI
The second book of Samuel speaks a warrior named Abishai who saved David’s life. He killed a giant man who was about to obliterate David from the face of the earth:
“Then Ishbi-Benob, who was one of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose bronze spear was 300 shekels, who was bearing a new sword, thought he could kill David. But Abishai the son of Zeruiah came to his aid, and struck the Phillishtine and killed him. Then the men of David swore to him, saying, ‘you shall go out no more with us to battle, lest you quench the lamp of Israel’”.
(II Samuel 21:16-17)
Incredibly enough, this Biblical tale might take us all the way back to the times of Alexander the Great. A brave man known as “Cleitus the black” saved Alexander’s life in 334 B.C.E, at the battle of Granicus. Cleitus the black saved Alexander in the same way that Abishai saved David. Plutarch speaks about how a Persian giant tried to kill Alexander:
“Then the Persian commanders Rhoesaces and Spithridates came against him in unison. Alexander side stepped Spithridates and struck Rhoesaces, who was wearing a breastplate, with his spear. But when his spear shattered, he resorted to his sword. While the two were engaged in hand-to-hand combat, Spithridates halted his horse beside them and raisning himself up sharply in his saddle struck Alexander a blow with his barbarian battle-axe. The crest of Alexander’s helmet was broken off, along with one of its plumes. The helmet itself only just withstood the blow, which actually grazed the top of the king’s hair. Spithridates then raised the axe and was about to deliver a second blow when Cleitus the black intervened and ran him through with his spear.”
(Plutarch, 46-120 C.E.)
This Persian Spithridates,…doesn’t he remind us of the Ishbi-Benob who tried to kill David?
Cleitus the black was a leading Macedonian noble, the brother of Alexander’s wet nurse. Destiny certainly flapped it’s sad wings the day Alexander killed Cleitus in an heated argument…(Cleitus claimed that Alexander owed his success to his father). Alexander killed the man who saved his very life! Cleitus died in Samarqand, in modern Uzbekistan.
(the Macedonian noble Cleitus the black: murdered by his beloved king Alexander)
(some scholars believe this is the armor of Phillip II, it was found in the famous tomb of Vergina. Cleitus was right: Alexander was a great warrior but he had inherited a magnificent army from Phillip II)
(Cleitus the black, son of Dropides, died in 328 B.C.E. in Samarqand/Uzbekistan)
So, can we see that the Biblical character known as Abishai is Cleitus the black? No. But, the event mentioned in chapter 21 of the 2nd book of Samuel surely remind us of the Macedonian noble named Cleitus.
THE BENJAMIN INCIDENT
The book of Judges speaks about a monstrous crime committed by the tribe of Benjamin in Gibeah. A Levite from the region of Ephraim was traveling from Bethlehem to Ephraim; he was accompanied by his concubine.
Before he could reach his destination he found himself in the public square of Gibeah, it was night time. A generous old man from Ephraim (a resident of Gibeah) offered him shelter. When they were enjoying themselves, all of the sudden a gang of corrupt-lawless Benjamites started banging on the old man’s door. They were demanding that the male guest (the Levite from Ephraim) would come outside so that they could abuse him (sexually).
The poor old man tried to persuade the perverts of Benjamin offering them his own maiden daughter and the Levite’s concubine. Ultimately, the Levite thrust his concubine outside so that the ravenous Benjamites could satiate their bestial appetite. The Benjamites of Gibeah were cruel, absolutely merciless…they gang-raped the poor woman all night long until she finally collapsed. She died.
When the Levite realized that his concubine was dead, he was greatly vexed. He decided that the savages of Gibeah needed to be punished, severely punished. This is what he did so that the rest of the tribes of Israel would jump on Benjamin’s throat as one man:
‘On reaching home, he took a knife to the body of his concubine, cut her into twelve pieces, and sent them throughout the territory of Israel. Everyone who saw this said, “nothing like this has been done or seen from the day the Israelites came up from the land of Egypt to this day.”
The tribes of Israel assembled. They declared that in order to purge the evil from Israel, Benjamin had to be severely punished (blasted). So, the eleven tribes of Israel fought against Benjamin; they fought them with all their might (the Benjamites were not an easy bone). Finally, they defeated the arrogant people of Benjamin. Benjamin was ‘ALMOST EXTERMINATED’ as a people.
The somber tale of Benjamin in Gibeah, what does it remind us of? The grotesque story of Benjamin might take us all the way back to ancestral Egypt. Let us not forget that Israel became a nation ‘IN EGYPT’. The tale of the Benjamites rings a bell when it comes to the Egyptian god Set, lord of “confusion” and chaos.
Egyptian tradition states that red-haired Set committed a despicable act, a heinous crime. Set despised his brother Osiris and desired Osiris’ wife as well (Isis). Set managed to banish Osiris from Egypt. He tricked his brother Osiris so Osiris ended up inside a casket that was thrown into a river.
(Osiris, god of the dead. Louvre/Paris)
Isis was stricken with grief (Set wanted to be the indisputable lord of the two lands: lower Egypt and upper Egypt. This is why he wanted to eliminate his brother Osiris and later on Horus).
(the goddess Isis, wife of Osiris and mother of Horus, the avenger)
Isis loved Osiris with all her heart and soul. She looked for the body of her deceased husband until she finally found it in Byblos (Lebanon). She took her husband’s body back to Egypt and hid it so that Set could not find it. Set found the body of Osiris, he tore it into fourteen pieces. He scattered the pieces throughout the land of Egypt. Once again Isis came through: she found thirteen pieces of the body of Osiris but not the phallus.
Set ended up as a castrated outcast. We cannot say that the story of red-haired Set is identical to the story of Benjamin. But, there are some parallels:
• The corrupt Benjamites of Gibeah (a gang of rapists) were given into unnatural sexual practices: Set, lord of “CONFUSION” and chaos, is associated with unnatural sexual behavior (he ended up castrated).
• The devils of Benjamin tried to sodomize the Levite of Ephraim (a married man) against his will. A horrible deed: Set did everything he could in order to get rid of Osiris (his competitor).
• The Benjamites ravish the Levite’s concubine until she dies: wen Isis realized what Set had done to her husband she was stricken with grief.
• The Levite dismembers his wife, he cuts her into 12 pieces and sends a piece to each tribe of Israel: Set cuts Osiris into 14 pieces and sends them throughout the land of Egypt. Isis recovers 13 pieces but not the phallus.
• The men of Israel (the 11 tribes) swear not to give their daughters in marriage to Benjamin (symbolic castration): Set ends up ‘castrated’ and banished to the desert.
(from left to right: Horus, Osiris, and Isis)
Again: we cannot say that the story of Benjamin is identical to the story of Set or anything like that. But, as I mentioned before, there are parallels. Chapter 19 of the book of Judges seems to associate the dismemberment of the Levite’s concubine with ancient Egypt (Judges 19:29-30). It almost seems as if they (the Israelites) are saying: “This is what Set, lord of the Hyksos, did to Isis’ husband back then when he lusted after the crown of Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt.”
SET AND THE RED HEIFER OF THE ISRAELITES
The Jews have a very interesting lustration ritual known as “the red heifer ritual”, it is a sin offering for the entire Israelite community. The ceremony involves a perfect-unblemished red cow that is sacrificed and burned. Its ashes are used for a purification purpose.
“Tell the Israelites to produce for you a red heifer that is free from every blemish and defect and on which no yoke has ever been laid.”
The sacred heifer had to be slaughtered outside the camp in the presence of the Israelite priest. The priest then had to sprinkle some of its blood seven times towards the front of the tent of the meeting. The heifer would have to be burned in his sight. Both the priest and the individual who burns the heifer would have to remain unclean until evening (both of them would have to wash their clothes and bathe in water).
“Finally, a man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer and deposit them in a clean place outside the camp.”
The elaborate ritual of the red heifer is indeed an ancient ritual, a very ancient Egyptian ritual designed to avenge the blood of Osiris, adversary of the “RED-HAIRED SET”. There were times when the Egyptians, lovers of Law and Order, used to sacrifice “RED-HAIRED MEN” to Osiris.
(Set, red-haired god of confusion and chaos, adversary of Osiris)
The victims would have to be “RED-HAIRED” like the famous “RED HEIFER”. Not only that, the red-haired victims would be burned alive and then their ashes would be scattered:
“When short of prisoners and other foreigners to use as victims, the Egyptians had to resort to their own people, and on the tomb of Osiris would sacrifice RED-HEADED MEN (red was the colour associated with Set, the god’s enemy). For this rite Busiris, in Northern Egypt, where the head of Osiris was supposedly buried, was a favoured centre and every sacrifice in that spot was hailed as a renewed attempt to avenge his death. Another text confirms that RED-HEADED MEN-an obvious rarity in Egypt-were burnt alive in a number of places. This took place in the dog days of summer, as a precaution against drought or pestilence; the ashes of the victims were scattered to the winds.”
(Human sacrifice [in history and today], by Nigel Davies. William Morrow and Company, Inc. pg 36)
(here we have the American mass murderer James Holmes, a man who committed an atrocity in Colorado in 2012 [a massacre]. He was sentenced to life in prison. The Egyptians would have loved to offer red-haired Holmes as a sacrifice to Osiris)
(on Jan 03 2015 the contract killers of the New World Order known as ISIS [Islamic State] killed a Jordanian pilot named Mu’ath Al-Kaseasbeth. They burned him alive in Syria as if he was a satiation offering to some pagan deity. It is interesting that the name “ISIS” appears in the picture somehow)
(Isis with her husband Osiris.On the west wall of the shrine of Horus, in the mortuary temple of Seti I at Abydos)
Aren’t the parallels impressive? The purification ceremony of the red heifer, isn’t it identical to the ancient Egyptian ritual designed to honor Osiris? Let us decode this:
• The Israelites would sacrifice a perfectly red heifer as a sin offering for the entire Israelite community: the ancient Egyptians would sacrifice red-haired men as an offering to Osiris, adversary of Set.
• This Israelite lustration ritual was considered to be a purification ritual: the sacrifice of red-haired men to Osiris was also considered to be a purification ritual.
• The red heifer would have to be burned in the presence of the priest: the red-haired victims consecrated to Osiris would be burned alive.
• A clean Israelite would gather up the ashes of the heifer and put them in a clean place outside the camp: the ashes of the victims consecrated to Osiris would be scattered to the wind.
It is obvious that the ritual of the red heifer emanates from an Egyptian ritual designed to honor Osiris, brother of Set. Will the orthodox Rabbis admit to this? Answer: No. They don’t want people asking too many questions.
(here’s the mummy of Ramsses II the great, son of Seti I [Cairo Museum]. It is not a coincidence that Ramsses’ father was named after the Egyptian god ‘SET’ and that Ramsses II had reddish hair. Set has always been associated with red hair.)
IS MOSES A HEBREW NAME?
The Rabbis teach that the name “MOSHE” derives from the Hebrew word ‘MASHAH’ which means “to draw out”, since pharaoh’s daughter drew baby Moses out of the waters of the Nile. Are the Rabbis right? Moshe is a ‘Habiru’ name?
The truth is that the name “MOSE” (Mosis in Greek) comes from the Egyptian word ‘MSY’ which literally means “IS BORN”. If we scrutinize the name of some pharaohs we will indeed run into the name “MOSE”. Here are some examples:
Pharaoh Ahmose I (Ah-Mose): his birth name means “THE MOON (Ah) IS BORN (Mose). Pharaoh Amose I was the founder of the XVIII dynasty and many recognize him as the savior of Egypt (he defeated the Hyksos). It is believed that he is buried in Dra-Abu El-Naga, in Thebes.
(pharaoh Ahmose I, 1570-1546)
Pharaoh Thutmose III (Thoth-Mose): his birth name means “BORN OF THE GOD THOTH”. Thutmose III is remembered as the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt. He is buried in the Valley of the Kings, in tomb KV 32, Thebes.
(Thutmose III, 1504-1450)
Ramesses I (Ra-Mose): his birth name means “HE HAS FASHIONED HIM”. Ramsses I is the father of Seti I (father of Ramsses II the great) and he is buried in the Valley of the Kings, in tomb KV 16, Thebes.
(Ramsses I,1293-1291. Horus and Anubis receive Ramsses I, father of Seti I. Tomb of Ramsses I)
So we see,…the political constitution of the Jewish people is the Torah and the Torah (the Holy Pentateuch) was received by an Egyptian man who had an Egyptian name: Moses!
YEHOSHUA BEN NUN
After Moses’death, Joshua Ben Nun (Moses’s right hand) was left in charge of the nation of Israel. Joshua was the messianic leader that would lead the Israelites to victory in Canaan. The Ephraimite known as Joshua Ben Nun was an Israelite but he was born in Egypt, in the land of the pharaohs.
The fact of the matter is that the ‘structure’ of Joshua ben Nun is very, very Egyptian….most people ignore this of course. Most of the folks who study the Tanach have been brainwashed into believing that the name “NUN’ is a Hebrew name…the name “NUN” is an Egyptian-mythical name as we shall see:
“Nun was the personification of the primeval ocean from which all life came. After creation, the watery darkness known as the Nun continued to surround the world. It existed above the stars and as an abyss that formed the lowest depths of the underworld. As a deity, Nun was considered the oldest of beings and called father of the Gods.”
(Handbook of Egyptian mythology, by Geraldine Pinch. ABC-CLIO, pg 172)
(Nun, raises the boat of day as Khepri pushes forth the dawn sun. Supported by Osiris, Nut receives the solar disc. Papyrus of Anhia, XX dynasty. British Museum of London)
So, as we have seen here, “NUN” is the name of an Egyptian deity that is associated with water. It is interesting to see that Joshua’s first mission during the conquest of Canaan was to cross the Jordan “RIVER” (water). Chapter 1 of the book of Joshua describes the crossing of the Jordan into the Promised Land. The priestly class was leading the way:
“No sooner had these priestly bearers of the Ark waded ‘INTO THE WATERS’ at the edge of the Jordan, which overflows all its banks during the entire season of the harvest, ‘THAT THE WATERS FLOWING FROM UPSTREAM HALTED’, backing up in a solid mass for a very great distance indeed, from Adam, a city in the direction of Zarethan; while those flowing downstream toward the salt sea of the Arabah disappear entirely. Thus the people crossed over opposite Jericho. While all Israel crossed over on dry ground, the priests carrying the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord remained motionless on dry ground in the bed of the Jordan, until the whole nation had completed the passage.”
Basically, the Israelite hero known as Joshua ‘BEN NUN’ (son of Nun) is named after an Egyptian deity that personifies the primeval ocean from which all life came. As we have seen, Joshua’s first mission in Canaan has something to do with ‘WATER’ (crossing the Jordan river),…a strange coincidence! Let us not forget that Joshua, the son of Nun, was born in Egypt. Joshua’s ancestor, Ephraim, was born in Egypt to the daughter of a priest named Asenath. Asenath is associated with the Egyptian goddess “Neith”. So, we see, Joshua ben Nun is a very Egyptian character.
HYKSOS: RAIDERS FROM SYRIA-PALESTINE
Between 1640 and 1532 B.C.E. a Semitic people whom the Egyptians called ‘HYKSOS’ ruled Egypt. The Egyptians referred to them as ‘Rejtenu’, ‘vile Asiatics’,desert princes (Hikau-Khoswet), or ‘rulers of foreign lands’. The Syro-Phoenician shepherd kings settled mainly in Avaris (Lower Egypt, Tell el Daba); they adopted Sutekh (Set/Baal-Reshef) as their divine patron. It is said that the founder of Avaris was a man named ‘Salitis’ though the most popular Hykso ruler appears to have been Apophis.
(Set, official god of the Hyksos)
The desert princes of Hebrew flavor were not just invaders and usurpers; they were a cruel-merciless people committed to the extermination of the Egyptians. The Egyptians describe the Hyksos as “barbaric conquerors from the North” (from Syria-palestine). These Asiatics were a federation of more than one ethnic group but they were primarily a Semitic people.
(Asiatic captive from the times of pharaoh Tutankhamun, XVIII dynasty)
This is what the Hyksos of Hebrew aroma did to the Egyptians:
• They burned the cities of Egypt.
• They razed the sacred temples of the Egyptians to the ground trying to crush “the soul of Egypt” so to speak.
• They massacred the Egyptian soldiers.
• They enslaved the Egyptian women and the children, meaning that they raped the females (adult women, young females). The Egyptian children were exploited as slaves.
• Some believe that the Hyksos were determined to exterminate the Egyptians.
The invaders of Syro-Phoenicia surely turned Egypt upside-down hoping that they (the Egyptians) could never-ever recover from such a severe wound to the national psyche.
(in the times of the Roman Emperor Trajan the Jews committed an indescribable atrocity in Cyprus, they massacred approximately 240,000 Greeks. When the Romans regained control of the island a law was created forbidding Jews to live in Cyprus. History repeats itself! Portrait of Trajan, Rome, Museo Capitolino)
(in 2008 a Chabad Jewish couple underwent a beyond-horrible tragedy in Mumbai/India. A Rabbi and his wife were tortured to death by Muslim terrorists. This is more or less the kind of stuff the Jews did to the ‘non-Jewish’ inhabitants of Cyprus in the times of Trajan. They even skinned people alive in those days…absolute horror)
Sekenenre Ta’o II (of the XXVII dynasty based at Thebes) began the war against the hated Hyksos to reunite the country, he died in battle. His eldest son, Kamose took over as leader and charged against the Asiatics of Avaris. He fought bravely but died before he could finish the task. After Kamose’s death the Hyksos regrouped.
(mummy of pharaoh Sekenenre Ta’o II)
Queen Ah’hotep, ex-wife of Sekenenre Ta’o II, was left as queen-regent until her son Ahmose was of age and could finish driving the foreign invaders from Egyptian soil.
(queen Ah’hotep, wife of Sekenenre Ta’o II and mother of Kamose and Ahmose I)
Sometime around 1552 B.C.E. Ahmose I (he founded the XVIII dynasty) drove the vile Hyksos back into Syria-Palestine. Ahmose succeeded in expelling the Asiatics that had caused such a tremendous harm (in 1550 B.C.E.).
(Kamose: Wadjkheperre, last king of the XVII dynasty of Thebes [1573-1570 B.C.E.]. He was the son of Sekenenre Ta’o II and queen Ah’hotep. Kamose was the brother of Ahmose I)
(Ahmose I: Nebpehtire, founder of the XVIII dynasty, savior of Egypt [1570-1546 B.C.E.]. He was the son of Sekenenre Ta’o II and queen Ah’hotep)
An army of 480,000 Egyptians laid siege to Avaris, heart of the Hyksos. When the Hyksos realized they were doomed, they negotiated with the Egyptians. A treaty was made, pharaoh Ahmose guaranteed their safe departure from Egypt (an undeserved kindness). It is said that 240,000 Hyksos left Egypt for Syria (an exodus). The despised Hykso survivors fled to a fortress in Southwestern Palestine known as “Sharuhen” (by Beersheva in the Negev). The Egyptians went after them, they blasted the desert princes for at least three years until they (the Hyksos) finally migrated to what is today Syria.
So we see, the Hyksos of Hebrew flavor were not innocent lambs of the Lord,…they were not victims, they were salivating predators with blood-stained fangs. Some scholars believe the Hyksos were ‘immigrants’, not usurpers. The supporters of this theory claim that the Hyksos entered the Nile region gradually over a series of decades “UNTIL” the Egyptians realized the ‘DANGER’ they posed in their midst. If we examine the book of Exodus for example, we will see something very interesting: the Egyptians are oppressors and the Israelites are portrayed as victims…
(when a person thinks of the word “JEW”, he or she automatically associates that word with the word “VICTIM”. Here we see Jews being forced to scrub the streets in Vienna right after Germany annexed Austria)
Exodus 1:11 says that the Egyptians oppressed Israel with forced labor (in the XIX dynasty, the dynasty of Ramsses II the great). Isn’t that what the Hyksos did to the Egyptians back in the days? Didn’t the Hyksos enslave the Egyptians? Didn’t they exploit the Egyptians? Exodus 1:12-14 says that the Egyptians reduced the Israelites to cruel slavery making life bitter for them with hard work in mortar and brick…a cruel fate! Again: isn’t that the very thing the Hyksos did to the Egyptians? Didn’t the shepherd kings exploit the hell out of the Egyptians? Exodus 1:22 says that pharaoh commanded the extermination of all the Hebrew boys (the Hebrew girls were spared). The Hyksos, were they not committed to the extermination of the Egyptian people as a whole?
(depiction of slaves at work, tomb of Rekhmire, vizier to pharaoh Thutmoses III. The slaves are prisoners of war from the North lands [Syria & Canaan] and from the Southlands [Nubia])
Still, as we previously saw it, pharaoh Ahmose I allowed them to leave Egypt so that they could re-settle in Syria-Palestine (the Egyptians decided to go after them and blast them in Sharuhen). In the times of pharaoh Thutmoses III (XVIII dynasty) they certainly were in Syria-Palestine:
“Documents from the times of Thutmose III and later frequently mention a people in Palestine whose name is spelled Apiru or Habiru. Many experts claim that these are none other than the Hebrews. They figure among the enemies the pharaoh’s army faced in and around Palestine, and Egypt’s victory resulted in the capture of numbers of them. In 1444 B.C., when Amenhotep II marched up to the sea of Galilee, he returned, he claimed, with 3,600 Apiru prisoners of war. Others could well have been captured by Ramses’ hard-fighting father or Ramses himself.”
(Treasures of the world: the pharaohs. By Lionel Casson. Stonehenge. Pg 143)
(Thutmoses III [Menkheperre], the Napoleon of ancient Egypt. Son of Thutmoses I and a concubine named Mutnoufrath. 1504-1450 B.C.E. Buried in the valley of the kings, Thebes)
(Amenhotep II [Akheperure], successor of Thutmoses III. 1453-1419 B.C.E. Buried in the valley of the kings, Thebes)
Was the capital of the Hyksos not “AVARIS”? Let us dissect this:
(Avaris was located right beneath Tanis, in the Nile Delta. Avaris is near ‘Pi-Rameses’ [Pi-Ramesses was founded by Seti I]. Not far from Avaris there is a location called “Tell el Yehudieh”, the name ‘Yehudieh’ sounds like Yehudi, meaning “JEW”)
It is undeniable that the Hyksos and the Hebrews were one and the same. So we see,… the ancient Hebrews “WERE NOT” innocent lambs of the Lord.
(Syrian envoys [Asiatics like the Hyksos] presenting tribute to Thutmose IV. Wall painting from the Theban tomb TT 36 of the finance minister Sobekhotep)
TIMELINE (approximate dates).
• XIV Dynasty: Nehesi (Aasehre).
• XV Dynasty (Hyksos), c. 1663-1555 B.C.E
Apepi I (Auserre).
Apepi II (Aqenenre).
• Early XVI Dynasty (Hyksos). 1663-1555.
Anather & Yakobaam
• Late XVII Dynasty (Theban), c. 1663-1570 B.C.E.
Sobekemsaf II (Sekhemre Shedtawy).
Intef VII (Nubkheperre).
Tao I (Sanakhtenre) c. 1633.
Tao II (Seqerenre) c. 1574.
Kamose (Wadjkheperre), 1573-1570.
• NEW KINGDOM (c. 1569 to 1081 B.C.E.), XVIII Dynasty: Ahmose I (founder).
(some believe that the ‘red-haired’ pharaoh Ramsses II was descended from the Hyksos. His father Seti I was the son of Ramsses I, vizier of Horemheb. The father of Ramsses I was a commander named Seti. Seti’s family came from Avaris)
A DREAMER NAMED JACOB
When Jacob was on his way to Haran he spent the night in a mystical place. The book of Genesis says that Jacob took a stone from the shrine, put it under his head; and fell asleep. Jacob had a surreal dream in that spot:
“A stairway rested on the ground, with its top reaching to the heavens; and God’s messengers were going up and down on it.”
The Bible says that ‘The Lord’ stood beside Jacob and promised him the very land on which he was laying. YHVH told Jacob that he would inherit that land and that his descendants would possess it as well. The Lord also promised Jacob protection, he told Jacob that he would never be forsaken. When Jacob awoke from his amazing dream he uttered the following words:
“Truly, the Lord is in this spot, although I did not know it!” In solemn wonder he cried out: “How awesome is this shrine! This is nothing else but an abode for God, and that is the gateway to heaven!”.
Jacob took the stone he had placed under his head, set it up as a memorial stone; and poured a libation on it. Jacob called the site “Beth-El” (house of God). This fantastic tale,…what does it remind us of? This story might take us all the way back to the XVIII dynasty, to the times of pharaoh Thutmoses IV, son of Amenhotep II.
(Amenhotep II [Akheperure], 1453-1419. Amenhotep II is buried in the Valley of the Kings, on tomb KV 35, Thebes)
(Thutmoses IV [Menkheperure], 1419-1386. Buried in the Valley of the Kings, on tomb KV 43, Thebes)
(head of Thutmoses IV)
On one occasion prince Thutmoses was out hunting in the desert, he fell asleep by the great Sphinx of Giza. A majestic deity visited Thutmoses in his dream; the God spoke to him as a father speaks to a child:
“Look at me, Thutmoses my son: I am your father, Horus-in-the-Horizon, Kheperi-Re-Atum, I promise what it is in my gift: earthly rule at the head of all the living. Seated on the throne of the earth-god you will wear the white crown and the red. All the territory on which the eye of the sun rests will be yours: yours the food of the two Lands, great tribute and long life. To you I turn my face and heart for protection, since I am sick on all my limbs. The sands of the holy place upon which I rest have covered me…”
(the great Sphinx dates to the reign of king Chepren, IV dynasty. Some believe that the Sphinx is a portrait statue of Chephren)
Basically, the sun God ‘Re-harakhte’ embodied in the Sphinx promised Thutmoses that if he would remove the sand covering the limbs of the Sphinx, he would be king.
(pharaoh Thutmoses IV seating on the throne accompanied by his queen mother Ti’a. Cairo Museum)
Thutmoses cleared the lion-bodied statue of the Sphinx of encroaching sand. A long inscription has been preserved on a tall stele that was placed in between the pawns of the great Sphinx of Giza. This stele is known as ‘THE DREAM STELE’ of Thutmoses IV. The granite stele relates Thutmoses’ incredible experience.
(the famous Dream Stele of Thutmoses IV. It is said that it was erected on the year 1, month 3 of the inundation, and on day 19)
So,…can we say that Jacob and Thutmoses IV are one and the same? Answer: No. But, there are undeniable parallels here:
• Jacob fell asleep on a mystical spot that appeared to be some type of inter-dimensional portal: Thutmoses IV fell asleep by the pawns of the Sphinx. The great Sphinx of Giza was the embodiment of a great magical power that existed in Giza from the beginning of time.
• The Lord YHVH stood beside Jacob promising him protection and territory. The Lord promised never to forsake Jacob: Re-Harakhte embodied in the Sphinx appeared to Thutmoses in a dream. The deity promised the prince protection, the God promised that if Thutmoses would remove the sand covering the Sphinx he would indeed be rewarded with earthly rule, territory, tribute, and the crown of Egypt.
• Jacob took the stone he had put under his head, set it up as a memorial stone; and poured a libation on it: A long inscription on a tall stele (a stone) was placed in between the pawns of the Sphinx. This stele is known as the ‘dream stele of Thutmose IV.
Again: Jacob is not Thutmose IV and Thutmose IV is not Jacob. But,…as we mentioned before, the story of Jacob appears to be a reflection of the story of pharaoh Thutmose IV.
(Egypt: a magical land beyond words…!!!)
JESUS AND THE CELTIC GOD ESUS
“If a man has committed a sin deserving of death, and he is put to death, and you hang him ‘ON A TREE’, his body shall not remain overnight on the tree, but you shall surely bury him that day, so that you do not defile the land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance; for he who is hanged is accursed by God.”
Some believe that ancient Israel had something to do with the pagan Celts. Some have even gone as far as saying that the infrastructure of Jesus was pretty much Celtic. There is one thing about Jesus that definitely connects him to Celtic culture and that is the Celtic god “Esus”.
(Esus is found in a stone that forms part of a pillar dedicated to Jupiter by sailors of Paris. This piece which is said to be from the times of Tiberius was discovered in Notre Dame in 1771. The stone depicts the name “ESUS” and a woodman chopping a branch of a tree. Nautes Parisicae monument in Paris, 1st C. A.D)
Could it be possible that Jesus had something to do with the Celtic deity Esus? Here are the parallels:
• The name “JESUS” is similar to the name “ESUS”.
• Jesus was crucified on a “WOODEN CROSS” (something that emanates from a tree) & the victims sacrificed to Esus were supposed to bleed to death while “HANGING ON A TREE” (Peter I 2:24 says that Jesus died “ON A TREE”).
• Jesus was impaled by a spear when he was crucified; the victims sacrificed to Esus were either impaled with a spear. Arrows were shot at them as they hanged.
The sacrifice to Esus could also be the remnant of a myth similar to that of the Germanic Odin who hung on the world tree for nine days and nine nights and whose victims were likewise left hanging on trees.
(scene from the film ‘Conan the barbarian’, a film from 1982 directed by John Milius)
Basically, “Esus” is not a name so to speak, it literally means “the Lord” or “good master”. Incredibly enough, Luke 18:19 says the following:
“Now a certain ruler asked Him (meaning Jesus), saying, GOOD TEACHER, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?”
It is a weird coincidence that Esus means something like “GOOD MASTER” and that Jesus is called “GOOD TEACHER”. Perhaps the reader thinks this is an absurd-fanatical observation…? Let’s rewind the tape one more time:
• The name “JESUS” is almost identical to the name “ESUS”.
• Jesus bleeds to death on a “WOODEN CROSS” (something that comes from a tree plus the “crown of thorns” also came from a tree) and Esus’ victims would bleed to death on trees.
• Jesus was impaled by a spear and Esus’ victims were impaled as well (Numbers 24:8 says that Israel shall pierce her enemies with “arrows”).
• Esus means “GOOD MASTER” and in Luke 18:19 Jesus is called “GOOD TEACHER”.
Mere coincidences? Ancient Israel had practices that appeared to have a Celtic flavor but, now we also see that Jesus, the shaman of Druid aroma who believed in reincarnation, is connected to the Celtic god “Esus” (some people say that Jesus was the son of a Roman soldier of Sidon named “Panthera”, this individual is supposedly buried in Germany).
If one carefully examines the death of Absalom, son of David, we shall see that his death was “like” a sacrifice to the Celtic Esus. He was impaled and his blood was spilled in the forest:
“Absalom rode a mule. The mule went under the thick boughts of a great TEREBINTH TREE, and his head caught in the terebinth; so he was left HANGING between heaven and earth. And the mule which was under him went on.”
(Samuel II 18:9)
Samuel II 18:14 says that Joab took three spears and thrust them through his heart while he was still alive. He was impaled by “SPEARS” and he bled to death while “HANGING FROM A TEREBINTH TREE”. Doesn’t Absalom’s death have a Celtic scent?
(Celtic woman possessed by the spirit of the warrior Queen Boudicca, scene from the film ‘Centurion’. Some scholars believe that the Britons are a lost tribe of Israel. Centurion is a movie from 2010 directed by Neil Marshall)
We cannot say that the Jesus that was bled dry on a wooden cross is the same as Esus. But, there are some parallels here.
THE LAMENT OF RAMSSES II
As we already know, Ramsses II was certain he could take Kadesh from the Hittites. Ramsses knew he was backed by a formidable army so, he was determined to capture the Syrian city-state Kadesh. Hi army was divided into four divisions: the Amon division, the Ra division, the Ptah division, and the Sutekh division. Ramsses himself commanded the Amon division (the clash took place around 1285 B.C.E.).
(Amon-Ra gives life to Ramsses II who wears the headdress of a deity in the temple of Ramsses II, Luxor/Egypt)
Muwatallis (Ramsses opponent) was a shrewd man, a strategist. Muwatallis planted two Bedouins in Ramsses’ army in order to confuse pharaoh’s great army (two Hittite spies pretending to be deserters). The deserters of the Hittite army told Ramsses that the Hittites were not in Kadesh but in Aleppo. This was music in Ramsses’ ears; it was exactly what he wanted to hear.
(Ramsses II, the great pharaoh who lusted after Kadesh. Column with relief of Ramsses)
Ramsses pushed towards Kadesh. He was only accompanied by his bodyguard, he was pretty much alone (extremely vulnerable). All of the sudden Ramsses realized that he had been deceived by the two ‘wanna be deserters’. He had been fooled and now he was separated from his troops, he was in great danger.
Somehow the division of Amon (Ramsses’ division) caught up with the now vulnerable pharaoh. Meanwhile, the Hittites struck the ‘Ra division’ by surprise crushing them and demoralizing them. There was Ramsses II the great, son of Seti,…alone and surrounded by fierce enemies. It was only him with a few officers, some followers, and the rabble of the defeated units standing by… a vulnerable pharaoh against 2,500 Hittite charioteers! Some researchers believe that Ramsses was abandoned by everyone except his personal guard and shield bearer “Mena”. These were Ramsses’ words:
“There was no captain with me, no charioteer, no soldier of the army, no-shield-bearer; my infantry and chariotry melted away before them, not one of them stood firm to fight.”
Ramsses survived the war. Who was victorious? Both sides claim to have been victorious. Many scholars however believe that the real victor was Muwatallis, not Ramsses:
“Fortunately we do not have to rely on logic to prove that the Egyptians lost that fight. By one of those almost miraculous coincidences which do occur, we have at our disposal the Hittite version of the same battle, from the royal archives of the capital of Boghazkoi, according to it, Ramses was defeated and had to retreat, losing much of the territory his father had held”.
(Temples, tombs, and hieroglyphs [a popular history of ancient Egypt], by Barbara Mertz. Peter Bedrick Books, New York. Pg 271)
(13th century B.C. bas relief from Yazilikaya depicting a procession of Hittite warrior-gods)
Some scholars believe that the story of Ramsses trying to conquer Kadesh has a parallel in the New Testament. There is a passage in the Bible that speaks about how Jesus was pretty much deserted by his close followers (they fell ‘ASLEEP’), something that automatically remind us of how great pharaoh was left alone, vulnerable…his formidable divisions had fallen ‘ASLEEP’.
(Jesus’ disciples fall asleep, he is left alone. Illustration by the French genius Gustav Dore)
Jesus took Peter, John, and James and went up to a mountain to pray. While Jesus was praying, his face changed and his clothing became dazzling white. It is said that Jesus was in an ecstatic state conversing with Moses and Elijah:
‘Peter and his companions had been overcome by sleep, but becoming fully awake, they saw his glory and the two men standing with him. As they were about to part from him, Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good that we are here; let us make three tents, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” But he did not know what he was saying. While he was still speaking, a cloud came and cast a shadow over them, and they became frightened when they entered the cloud. Then from the cloud came a voice that said, “This is my chosen son; listen to him.” After the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone.’
This might be considered an eccentric observation but it is important to dissect the events. Two completely different tales but the same structure:
• Jesus took Peter, John, and James to a mountain to pray. Jesus + Peter + John + James = four individuals. Ramsses had ‘four’ divisions at his service when he tried to conquer Kadesh.
• Jesus companions fell asleep: Ramsses felt abandoned by his troops, his army was “ASLEEP” symbolically speaking.
• Jesus spoke to Moses and Elijah: Ramsses spoke to two Bedouins that had deserted the Hittite army (apparently).
• A dark cloud frightens Jesus’ disciples: Ramsses and his Egyptians were terrified when they realized they had been fooled, they felt lost. The dark cloud that terrified Ramsses was the Hittites.
• A voice declares that Jesus is God’s chosen: the pharaoh was considered to be a ‘divine being’ incarnated in the flesh.
• Jesus is wrapped in glory as he speaks to Moses and Elijah: in a pitch of religious fervor Ramsses invokes the god Amon asking for his divine assistance.
• Jesus finds himself alone: Ramsses ended up ambushed and ‘ALONE’, surrounded by fierce enemies.
Jesus is not Ramsses and Ramsses is obviously not Jesus. But, there must be a logical reason why several scholars (highly respected researchers) state that the ‘transfiguration event’ has a connection to ‘abandoned Ramsses’.
THE ISRAELITE TRIBE OF ISSACHAR
The Bible says that Issachar is one of Jacob’s sons with Leah, daughter of Laban. This means of course that Issachar is one of the tribes of Israel. Not much is known about this ‘not so popular’ tribe but the one thing we do know is that Issachar has a potential Egyptian flavor. The name Issachar could take us all the way back to the XXII dynasty in Egypt (and to the XXIII dynasty as well).
The XXII dynasty was founded by a pharaoh of Libyan scent known as Sheshonq I. Sheshonq sired a son that was named “Osorkon” (Osorkon I) and Osorkon was also known as “Osochor”.
(triumphant relief of pharaoh Sheshonq I in the temple of Amun at Karnak)
The name Osochor,…doesn’t it sound like “Issachar”? Osochor is an Egyptian name and Issachar is apparently a Hebrew name but both names sound alike:
(granite torso of Osorkon I found at Byblos. Louvre/Paris)
There were a total of four pharaohs that went by the name Osorkon:
• Osorkon I (924-889), son of pharaoh Sheshonq I. XXII dynasty.
• Osorkon II (874-850), successor of Takelot I. XXII dynasty.
• Osorkon IV (730-715), successor of Sheshonq V. XXII dynasty.
• Osorkon III (787-759), successor of Sheshonq IV. XXIII dynasty.
(relief of Osorkon II and queen Karomana I from the great red granite hall built by the king at Bubastis. British Museum)
Can we say that Biblical Issachar has a connection with the Osorkons of Libyan flavor? Answer: No. But, we cannot deny that the name Issachar greatly resembles the Egyptian name Osochor.
THE PEYOS OF THE ORTHODOX JEWS
“Do not clip your hair at the temples, nor trim the edges of your beard.”
We all know that some Orthodox Jews grow long sidelocks pretty much down to the joints of the jaw. These sidecurls are known in the Orthodox world as “PEYOS” (not all religious Jews have peyos). If you ask a Rabbi why is it that some Jews grow long sideburns, he will say that it is a commandment of the Torah (Leviticus 19:27). But, the truth is that the ‘peyos tradition’ is very old, it goes all the way back to ancient Egypt.
There were non-Egyptians in Egypt that had long sidelocks like the Hassidic Jews of New York. Who were they exactly? Hyksos? Habiru? Israelites? Jews? Answer: No. They were Libyans. It is undeniable that the first people to observe that tradition were North Africans, not Jews. When exactly did the Jews adopt that custom? We don’t know. Here are several examples:
(Libyans defeated by the Egyptian army. Notice that they all have sidelocks like the Orthodox Ashkenazi Jews. Detail from the walls of Medinet-Habu)
(foreign emissaries paying homage to pharaoh [in the times of Akhenaton]. Front row: Asiatic, African, Asiatic. 2nd row: African, Asiatic, African, and ‘Libyan’. Notice that the Libyan has long sidecurls. Unfinished wall carving from the tomb of vizier Ramose in the Theban necropolis)
(aren’t these the ‘Peyos’ used by the Chassidim?)
(on the bottom right we see two Libyans pleading for clemency at the court of Tutankhamun, notice that they have sidecurls. Scene from the western wall of the inner courtyard of the tomb of Horemheb)
(these two Libyans defeated by the Egyptians,…don’t they have the famous ‘Peyos’ of the Chassidic Jews?)
(Aren’t these the long sidecurls of the Orthodox Ashkenazi Jews? Libyans, bas-relief from the tomb of Horemheb, limestone)
It is clear that the custom of having ‘peyos’, meaning long sidecurls, is originally a Libyan custom. After all,…the name “Libya” sounds a little bit like “Levi”. Right?
DAVID AND ZUL QARNAEIN
II Samuel 12:30 says that after David besieged Ammon (modern day Jordan) he wore the crown of Milcom, god of the Ammonites. This crown weighted a talent of gold plus it contained precious stones. How is it possible that a monotheist of YHVH would wear the crown of Ammon? Didn’t the Israelites consider the god of Ammon an abomination? We may find some answers in the exotic tale of Alexander the great…
Sometime in 331 B.C.E. after blasting Tyre and Gaza, Alexander went to Libya in order to consult the oracle of Ammon. This was indeed an ancient oracle, it had been around since the times of Croesus, son of Alyattes, king of Lydia (a contemporary of Cyrus). Alexander saw Ammon as a Libyan/Egyptian version of the sky god Zeus. So, he put up with the harshness of the Libyan desert in order to reach the Siwah oasis (where the Oracle was at).
The effort paid off, he received a favorable omen (like in Dydima). When Alexander left the Lybian desert he was no longer Alexander, he was a god-king, the son of Ammon/Zeus (a demigod). Therefore, he is depicted wearing the crown of Ammon, a crown decorated with the horns of a ram. This is why many refer to Alexander as “ZUL QARNAEIN”, meaning ‘the horned one’. Doesn’t this remind us of David’s pagan crown? The crown that David wore on his head, wasn’t it the crown of the Ammonites?
(semi-divine Alexander wearing the horned crown of Ammon/Zeus)
There is more to the story. Chapter 16 of the 2nd book of Samuel mentions a character that was kind to David, his name was “ZIBA” (like Siwah, the name of the oasis visited by Alexander). The Bible says that Ziba gave David a wineskin for his men who were “FAINT IN THE WILDERNESS”. Doesn’t this remind us of a thirsty Alexander walking through the desert of Lybia? Strange indeed…!
The oracle visited by Alexander in 331 B.C.E. lay on the hill of Aghurmi in the center of the Siwah oasis. The oracle was inside a mud-brick fortress on a stone outcrop (Check II Samuel 12:31).
DAN: THE GREEK TRIBE OF ISRAEL
Everyone knows that there were twelve tribes of Israel (that is what the Bible says). The tribes emanated from the patriarch Jacob and from four matriarchs: Leah, Rachel, Zilpah, and Bilhah. Jacob’s primary wives were Rachel and Leah, Rachel was his favorite.
Most people believe that tribe of Dan is not very significant but the truth is that it deserves special attention (we will see why!) The Torah says very clearly that Dan was the son of Bilhah, Rachel’s maidservant. If we scrutinize the tribe of Dan, we will see that throughout the Tanach this tribe is depicted as a tribe that is not very Israelite in essence. If we pay close attention and zoom into Dan we will see that they have a “GENTILE FLAVOR”. What is even more interesting is that the name “DAN” is certainly connected to ancient Greece and to Anatolia (land of the Hittites).
From a mythical perspective, we see that Dan is somehow associated with Troy. Greek tradition for example speaks about a certain “DARDANUS” (dar-Danus) who was the son of Zeus and Electra. This Dardanus is said to have built a town called Dardania. How did Dardanus end up in the area of Troy? It is said that Teucer, mythical son of Scamander of Crete, gave a piece of land to Dardanus. And who established Troy, city-state of Priam, Hector, and Paris? Cretans, Greeks, and Phrygians claim to have established it. Troy as a city-state absorbed three tribes: Dardania, Tros, and Illium. Some sources state that the grandson of Dardanus was Tros, who in turn became the father of Ilus.
So, the names Dardanus (dar-Danus) and Dardania (dar-Dania) definitely have a connection to ancient Troy. This means that the Israelite tribe of Dan has a connection to ancient Greece and to the land of the Hittites.
(around 394 B.C.E. Amyntas III, king of Macedonia, fought against a powerful Illyrian force led by Bardylis, king of the Dardanii)
Some scholars have stated or better said, “implied”, that the Israelite tribe of Dan were really Greeks (or non-Hellenes who inhabited Greek lands). Some have even gone as far as comparing them to the Phillishtines, meaning the Pelasgians of Attica who did not speak Greek:
“The Phillistines were probably one of these peoples of the sea, having established themselves in Southern Palestine after the devastations of Crete. The ‘DENYENS’, whose name appears in writings of the period, have been identified by some historians as the Danaoi, a general term for the early settlers in Greece”.
(Peoples, seas, and ships. By Zvi Herman. G.P. Putnam’s sons, New York. Pg 29)
(illustrated account of the fight of Ramsses III against the sea peoples who invaded Egypt. Here we see the Peleset [Phillishtines] captive. Recorded on the walls of Ramsses’ mortuary temple at Medinet-Habu, Thebes)
(temple of Ramsses III at Medinet Habu)
Some researchers have gone a little further identifying the “Denien people” with the Athenians. This in turn rings a bell when it comes to the Pelasgians of Attica (Attica is the original name of Athens):
‘To support the identification of “DENIEN” with Mycenaean Greeks, it was argued that Denien (Dnn) stands for Danaans (a Homeric term for archaic Greeks). Some texts, however, connect them with the Syrian coast, and others with Cyprus. I, however, lean toward identifying the “Peoples of the Isles”, the Denien, with the Athenians, since D and T in Egyptian are one and the same letter.’
(Peoples of the sea, by Immanuel Velikovsky. Doubleday and Company, Inc. Garden City, New York. Chapter III, pg 53)
(map of Athens,Greece)
There were mercenaries of “Danite flavor’ from the Mediterranean who served the Pharaohs during the XIX dynasty; these were known as the “SHARDANA” (shar-Dana). It is unclear if these people (the Shardana) were Sardinians or if they hailed from Sardis, capital of Lydia (in Western Asia Minor).
(Sardis, capital of Lydia)
The Shardana for example served pharaoh Ramsses II the Great, this is a historical fact. Then again, Pharaoh Ramsses III (the last real hero of Egypt) had to fight a federation of sea raiders , among them was a tribe called “Danuna”. It is unclear if the Danuna were Greeks or if they were a Hittite people (Armenoids) but at one point the Danunna had a city-state in Northern Syria, not too far from Cilicia (in the region of Issus).
(the Danunna settled right above Syria, a territory formerly inhabited by Hittites )
(the Shardana wore ‘horned helmets’, here we see them fighting Lybian invaders)
There is a mythical character associated with Egypt and with Argos that had a connection with Syria: ‘DANAUS’, descendant of Apophus (the Hykso king Apophis?):
“In the legends, indeed, the story of Danaus is not wholly isolated. At least in the later geneaologies he is made the nephew of Agenor, a king in Syria, and so cousin to Europa, the mother of Minos of Crete, and to Cadmus. The later is somewhat analogous to Danaus as a foreign invader and conqueror in Greece. From his home in Syria (Phoenicia) he is supposed to have come first to Samothrace and later to Boetia, where he settled at Thebes; that city in heroic legend is regularly Cadmeia, the city of Cadmus, its people Cadmeans.”
(The Cambridge Ancient History. II. Part I. the Middle East and the Aegean region. C. 1800-1380 B.C. Danaus and the Hyksos, pg 635)
So we see, the tribe of Dan definitely has a connection with ancient Greece.
KING SOLOMON AND PHARAOH AMENHOTEP III
One of the most magnificent pharaohs of all time was Amenhotep III, son of the giant Thutmoses IV. Amenhotep III did not need to be a warrior-king like Thutmoses III, he was a brilliant strategist that won battles through diplomacy. During his time Egypt was the most powerful nation in the ancient world and enjoyed good relations with other major powers, pharaoh Amenhotep III ruled supreme. The great Nubmaatra is also remembered for his ambitious building projects and for his many wives. Overall, pharaoh Amenhotep III ruled for approximately 45 years, he was buried in tomb KV 22 in the famous Valley of the Kings, Thebes.
(Amenhotep III [1386-1349], son of Thutmoses IV and queen Mutemwiya. Here we see the pharaoh accompanied by his mother)
Some researchers have compared ‘the fierced eyed lion’ with the Biblical king Solomon. If we examine the lives of Amenhotep III and Solomon we will indeed see that they share similarities. In fact, Amenhotep III and Solomon seem to be a reflection of each other. This is what connects them:
A GOLDEN AGE:
During the rule of Amenhotep III Egypt had great wealth, prosperity, unparalleled security, balance, and ultimately peace. All this greatness came not from military endeavors but from international trade and tactful strategies: Solomon brought wealth, prosperity, and luxury to Israel and Judah. His reign was characterized by ‘PEACE’. The name Solomon (Shlomoh) literally means “PEACEFUL ONE” or “THE ONE WHO BRINGS PEACE”.
Pharaoh Amenhotep III was a prolific builder who completed many monumental projects. He reconstructed and remodeled temples and subsidiary buildings: King Solomon was also involved in mega-projects. He built a majestic temple for his God YHVH (a house for the Lord) that took seven years to build, he built walls around Jerusalem, and he erected a palace for himself.
TIME ON THE THRONE:
Amenhotep III ruled more or less for 39 years, he must have been around 45 when he died. As we mentioned before, he is buried in the Valley of the kings, in Thebes: The 1st Book of Kings says that overall Solomon reigned in Jerusalem (over all Israel) for 40 years. Both Amenhotep III and Solomon ruled for the same length of time more or less.
Amenhotep III had a large-and ever-increasing number of ladies in his harem though he had a primary Egyptian wife named Ti’y (daughter of a noble named Yuya). Some of his wives were foreign princesses, the outcome of diplomatic marriages. It is said that Amenhotep III had many, many wives: The Bible says that king Solomon loved many foreign women besides the daughter of pharaoh (even though it was forbidden for the Israelites to intermarry). It is said that he had 700 wives and 300 concubines.
(Amenhotep III and Hathor, goddess of love)
So, can we say that Amenhotep III and Solomon are one and the same? Answer: No. But, they are very, very similar. One is an Egyptian and the other one is an Israelite but they are pretty much identical.
(Abba Solomon Meir Eban, Israeli diplomat & politician [born in Africa]. In his book HERITAGE: civilization and the Jews Mr Eban insinuates that Amenhotep III had a strong connection with the Hebrews. A hint? He could never say openly that the historical Solomon was a dark skinned Pharaoh named Amenhotep III. Heritage: civilization & the Jews, Summit Books/New York. Pg 2)
KING SOLOMON AND THE TWO LADIES
The 1st Book of Kings says that two women thirsting for justice stood before Solomon. The women lived in the same house and gave birth on the same date. Each one gave birth to a son but one of the children died at night. The mother of the dead child tricked the other woman as she secretly exchanged the children. All of the sudden the mother of the living child woke up and discovered that the child by her bossom was not her son. Both of the ladies appeared before Solomon demanding justice. Solomon was a man of discerning spirit; he made everyone believe that he was going to cut the child in two with a sword. This is what happened next:
The woman whose son it was, in the anguish she felt for it, said to the king, “Please, my lord, give her the living child-please do not kill it! The other, however, said, “It shall be neither mine nor yours. Divide it!” The king then answered, “Give the first one the living child! By no means kill it, for she is the mother.”
(I Kings 3:26-27)
(the mother of the child pleads before king Solomon. Illustration by the French genius Gustav Dore)
This moving Biblical tale is a throwback to the times of pharaoh Amenhotep III. Amenhotep, son of Thutmoses IV and Mutemwia, had five royal titles. One of those royal titles was his “TWO LADIES NAME”. His Two Ladies name was “SEMEN-HEPU SEGEREH-TAWY”, meaning ‘He who establishes laws and pacifies the two lands’.
And who exactly were these two ladies? The epithet of the “two ladies” refers to the vulture goddess ‘NEKHBET’ and to the cobra goddess ‘WADJET’ (counterpart of Nekhbet). Nekhbet was known as the mistress of upper Egypt, she was a sky goddess connected to the sun gods ‘Amen-Ra’ and ‘Ra-Horakhty’. Nekhbet and Wadjet were responsible for the well-being of pharaoh.
(the vulture goddess Nekhbet wearing the white crown of upper Egypt)
(diadem of pharaoh Tutankhamun depicting Nekhbet and Wadjet)
(Nekhbet and Wadjet install pharaoh Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II as ruler of two lands)
One of the first temples built by Amenhotep III was the temple of Nekhbet at el-Kab at the mouth of one of the valleys leading to the eastern desert (upper Egypt). So,…
• Can we say that the two ladies who appeared before Solomon are symbols for Nekhbet and Wadjet? Answer: No.
• Can we say that the two ladies who appeared before Solomon have something to do with one of the royal titles of pharaoh Amenhotep III? Those two women, do they have something to do with the Two Ladies name “SEMEN-HEPU SEGEREH-TAWY”? Answer: No.
• Can we say that the mother of the living child is equivalent to the protective vulture goddess Nekhbet? The woman who wanted the child dead, can we say that she is equivalent to the cobra goddess Wadjet? Answer: No.
Amenhotep III is not Solomon and Solomon is not Amenhotep III but, they are pretty much a reflection of each other.
THE FIVE ROYAL NAMES OF PHARAOH AMENHOTEP III:
• BIRTH NAME: Amen-hotep heka-Waset (Amenhotep, ruler of Thebes).
• THRONE NAME: Neb-maat-Ra (Ra, the lord of truth).
• HORUS NAME: Ka-nakht kha-em-ma’at (strong bull, appearing in truth).
• GOLDEN HORUS NAME: Aa-Khepesh hu-Setiu (great of strength, smiter of the Asiatics).
• TWO LADIES NAME: “SEMEN-HEPU SEGEREH-TAWY” = He who establishes laws and pacifies the Two lands.
(detail from a relief of Amenhotep III, tomb of Khaemhat. Agyptisches Museum, Berlin)
KING SOLOMON AND HIS BELOVED EGYPTIAN WIFE
“With royal power firmly in his grasp, Solomon allied himself by marriage with pharaoh, king of Egypt. The daughter of pharaoh, whom he married, he brought to the city of David, until he should finish building his palace, and the Temple of the Lord, and the wall around Jerusalem”.
(I Kings 3:1)
The prolific builder known as Solomon managed to marry the daughter of the king of Egypt. How could this be possible if the pharaohs never gave their daughters in marriage to non-Egyptians? The kings of Egypt for example didn’t mind marrying princesses from Mitanni (Naharin) or from Karaduniyash (Babylon). But, they would never-ever give away their daughters in marriage to foreigners. Basically, this means that Solomon had to be an Egyptian in order to marry the daughter of pharaoh.
As we already know, pharaoh Amenhotep III had a large harem. He married foreign princesses like Kiluhepa and Taduhepa, both from Mitanni. Yet, Amenhotep’s main wife was an Egyptian woman named Ty’I, the daughter of a noble from Akhmin named Yuya and the daughter of a woman named Tuya.
From a symbolic perspective, Amenhotep III married the daughter of a “PHARAOH” since Yuya was a hereditary noble, a mayor, a seal-bearer of the king, plus he also served in the priesthood. Yuya, noble of Akhmin (Middle Egypt), was promoted to high office as the 2nd prophet of Amun at the Karnak temple. So yes, pharaoh Amenhotep III married the daughter of a “NOBLE”, a man of high social status.
(Yuya’s face represented on his inner coffin)
Chapter 7 of the 1st Book of Kings says that Solomon built a palace for pharaoh’s daughter, whom he had married (I Kings 7:8). In the 11th year of Amenhotep III’s reign, right after marrying the Mitannian princess Kiluhepa, Amenhotep III constructed “A LAKE” for his primary wife (queen Ty’i). It is said that this lake was built in the town of Djaruka (Akhmin?). Its length was 3,700 cubits and its width was 700 cubits. Pharaoh Amenhotep was pretty much saying that even though he had just married a foreign princess his primary wife was queen Ty’I (an Egyptian woman). Tyi’s supreme position as queen could not be challenged by any other princesses.
(stele of Amenhotep III with queen Ty’i)
(queen Ty’i with a headdress)
Finally, the 1st Book of Kings states that pharaoh conquered Gezer, a region in Syria-Palestine. It is said that he gave it to his daughter, meaning to Solomon’s wife, as a dowry (I Kings 9:16). This refers to pharaoh Thutmoses IV, progenitor of Amenhotep III. Thutmoses IV began pacifying his empire by launching an attack on Gezer and on Naharin. Right after Thutmoses IV died, Amenhotep III married a young Egyptian girl named Ty’I, the woman destined to be his primary wife. Since Amenhotep III married her right after burying his father, the 1st Book of Kings makes a connection between pharaoh (Thutmoses IV) and ‘Solomon’s wife’ (ty’i).
SOLOMON AND THE FAMOUS QUEEN OF SHEBA
Chapter 10th of the 1st Book of Kings says that a great queen traveled from a distant land to Jerusalem in order to meet with Solomon, king of Judah and Israel. She was known as the queen of Sheba. Based on what the Scriptures say, she wanted to witness Solomon’s wisdom. Sheba and Solomon got along pretty well, she gave Solomon many gifts (gold, spices, & precious stones) plus, Solomon gave her presents as well. The queen of Sheba was very pleased with the wise king of Israel. She returned to her country.
Who exactly was the queen of Sheba? What was her nationality? Why did she gravitate towards Solomon? We don’t have an answer for these questions but, some researchers believe that Sheba was a queen from Yemen. There are people who believe that she was an Egyptian like queen Ty’i. Then again, nobody knows for sure who she was or where she came from.
One thing is certain: she “LEFT” her country, arrived in Jerusalem, and then she “RETURNED” to her homeland. In other words, the queen of Sheba was not like the foreign princesses that married Amenhotep III. For example, the Mitannian princesses Kiluhepa and Taduhepa left the Syrian state of Mitanni and arrived in Egypt. They never returned to their ancestral homeland, they remained in Egypt.
Again: who is this glorious queen that left her country, arrived in Jerusalem, and then returned to her homeland? In the year 1356 B.C.E. Tushratta, king of Mitanni (son of Shuttarna II), despatched to Egypt a statue of ‘Sausga’ (Ishtar), goddess of love. He sent this sacred statue to Amenhotep III in order to mark Amenhotep III’s marriage with princess Taduhepa. In other words, the goddess of fertility was there in order to bless the union between Egypt and Mitanni. The goddess Ishtar was greatly honored in Egypt, afterwards she was returned to Mitanni.
(this 8th-century B.C.E. Babylonian relief shows Ishtar riding in the back of a lion)
Could it be possible that Sheba is an allegory to Ishtar? We don’t know for sure but, one thing we do know: Sheba “LEFT” her country and “RETURNED” to it. The statue of Sausga “LEFT” Mitanni and was “RETURNED” to Mitanni.
WAS SOLOMON A CAUCASIAN MAN?
When people think of king Solomon, what do they think about? Answer: They think of a Caucasian man with blue eyes, pale skin, and blondish hair. Why do people have this perception? Answer: the ‘POWERS THAT BE’ have programmed us to believe such things. The film industry for example has sold us a 100% Caucasian Solomon.
(scene from the movie ‘Solomon and Sheba’, directed by King Vidor. 1959)
(scene from the 1997 film “Solomon”, directed by Roger Young. When a person watches this film, he is under the impression that Solomon looked Caucasian like an Ashkenazi Jew)
And what does the Bible say about Solomon’s ethnicity? Anything at all? The book “Song of songs”, which was written by ‘Kohelet’ (Solomon), sheds light into this subject. In chapter 1 of Song of songs Kohelet describes himself as “DARK BUT LOVELY”, like the tents of “KEDAR” (Song of songs 1:5). Basically, king Solomon is telling us that he has a dark complexion plus he connects himself with the Syrian region of Kedar; Kedar suggests blackness (it is said that the tents of Kedar were often made of black goat hair). As if this was not enough, in Song of songs 1:6 Solomon declares that he is swarthy, meaning dark-skinned. The Bible is telling us that Solomon, king of Judah and Israel, was a man of color like pharaoh Amenhotep III.
(Amenhotep III, detail from his tomb in the west valley, Thebes)
It is more than obvious that Amenhotep III was a dark-skinned man of African features. Amenhotep III and Solomon, don’t they share many, many similarities? Aren’t they pretty much a reflection of each other? They even belong to the same ethnic group!!!
So yes, based on what the Bible says, Solomon was a man of color like pharaoh Amenhotep III; Solomon did not look like an Ashkenazi Jew.
THE AWE-INSPIRING TEMPLE OF KING SOLOMON
It is more than obvious that the closest thing there is to a historical Solomon is pharaoh Amenhotep III. One could pretty much say that the prolific builder known as Amenhotep III is indeed Solomon.
(Amenhotep III accompanied by the Egyptian god Sebek)
The Bible says that Solomon, son of David, built a spectacular Temple “for the Lord”, meaning for YHVH. This Temple is of course the one that was destroyed by Nabuchadnezzar II (contemporary of pharaoh Neco II). Based on what the scriptures say, the noble sanctuary blasted by Nabuchadnezzar was located in Jerusalem, on Mount Moriah. For some reason the 1st Book of Kings fails to associate Solomon’s Temple with Jerusalem.
(Nabuchadnezzar is said to have made four campaigns against Jerusalem: the first one was in 598 B.C.E, the second in 597 B.C.E, the third on 586 B.C.E, and a fourth one on 582 B.C.E.)
In the times of Amenhotep III Jerusalem was not a significant city-state, certainly not a Metropolis. Gaza, not Jerusalem, was the most important city-state of Syria-Palestine in the days of Amenhotep III. Pharaoh Amenhotep III maintained a firm grip over his Asiatic vassal states. In his time, Syria-Palestine was divided into three administrative regions and each one had an Egyptian overseer:
• GAZA: Gaza was responsible for Canaan, meaning Palestine and the Phoenician coast up to Beirut.
• KUMIDU: Kumidu is a location in Phoenicia (Lebanon). Kumidu was responsible for Apu (Aleppo?) and for Damascus.
• SIMURRU: the name Simurru sounds like “Samaria”. Simurru was responsible for Amurru, its domain extended as far as Ugarit.
So yes, Amenhotep III knew who Ribb-Adda of Byblos was,…he knew who Abdi-Ashirta of Amurru was but, what about Jerusalem? Jerusalem was not a significant city-state in the times of pharaoh Amenhotep III.
(it is said that in the times of Amenhotep IV there was a ruler in Jerusalem named Abdi-Khepa, he was of course a vassal of pharaoh. Relief depicting pharaoh Akhenaton, Cairo Museum)
This should not surprise us,… when Alexander III the Great was busy conquering Asia, he paid attention to Phoenicia (Tyre), to Samaria, and to Gaza. Apparently, Alexander didn’t see anything impressive in Jerusalem.
Some politically incorrect scholars (renegades who thirst for “Truth”) believe that the phenomenon known as ‘THE 1ST TEMPLE’ is actually the fortified city of Tyre subjugated by Alexander III of Macedon (a European Nabuchadnezzar?). What about the Temple destroyed by Titus Vespasianus in 70 A.D.? Some believe that this Temple was erected sometime after the death of Alexander in 323 B.C.E. In other words: we have been programmed to believe what the Rabbis want us to believe. Let us not forget that the Tanach “IS NOT” a history book.
GIDEON AND LEONIDAS
“Arius, king of the Spartans, sends greetings to Onias the high priest. A document has been found stating that the Spartans and the Jews are brothers; both nations descended from Abraham. Now that we have learned this, kindly write to us about your welfare. We, on our part, are informing you that your cattle and your possessions are ours, and ours are yours. We have, therefore, given orders that you should be told of this.”
(I Maccabees 12:20-23)
The Book of Judges speaks about a brave Israelite who gathered a small army in order to fight the heterogeneous troops of Midian. This Israelite went by the name ‘Gideon’ (he was also known as Jerubaal), he was the son of Joash and he was from the tribe of Manasseh.
With only 300 soldiers, Gideon defeated the hordes of Midian. The Midianites, the Amalekites, all of the Kedemites,…they were as numerous as locusts, their camels could not be counted for they were as many as the sand of the seashore. Not only did Gideon defeat Midian, he also managed to capture two of their princes and two of their kings as well. Gideon was the savior that the Lord sent in order to deliver Israel from Midian.
(Gideon purging his army. Artwork by the German artist Christian Eduard Boettcher. 1818-1889)
The heroic tale of Gideon might remind us of something that took place in Thermopylae (ancient Greece), in 480 B.C.E. In those days the freedom loving Greeks were threatened by the multitudinous army of king Xerxes of Persia (son of Darius I). A Spartan king named Leonidas arose with 300 Spartans; they faced the troops of Xerxes in Thermopylae and fought them to the death. Leonidas and his men, they died as martyrs. Many Persians fell too, including two sons of Darius and two brothers of Xerxes. Three hundred war-hardened Lakedaimonoi annihilated 20,000 Persians! The battle of the ‘Hot Gates’ (Thermopylae) was not only a turning-point in Greek history,… it was a turning-point in world history!!!
(bust of the great Spartan king Leonidas)
The story of Gideon and his 300 selected soldiers is a reflection of the story of Leonidas and his 300 lions. Gideon fought against the hordes of Midian and Leonidas fought against the vast army of Xerxes. Gideon captured two princes of Midian and the Spartans killed two of the sons of Darius. Gideon captured two kings of Midian and Leonidas killed two of the brothers of Xerxes. Gideon and Leonidas, they are a reflection of each other which means that the tale of Gideon is a Spartan tale.
(map of Sparta)
Let us scrutinize the Biblical story of Gideon and compare it with the story of Leonidas:
• Israel was threatened by the numerous army of Midian: the freedom loving Greeks were threatened by the vast hordes of Xerxes, son of Darius I.
• An Israelite named Gideon (from the tribe of Manasseh) decides to make a stand against Midian: Leonidas, king of Sparta, son of Anaxandridas II, arises and makes a defining stand for freedom. Leonidas is determined to sacrifice his life in the holy name of Sparta.
• The Lord commands Gideon to purge his troops. Gideon sends away those who are fearful (22,000), 10,000 remain. Once again, the Lord commands Gideon to purge his troops so Gideon sends away those who kneel in order to drink from the water. Gideon is left with only 300 men: When Leonidas was marching towards Thermopylae he had the support of many Greeks but in the end all that remained was his 300 war-gods of Doric origin (plus the Thespians). Each one of those Spartans had a living son.
• Gideon’s army crushes the apparently invincible Midiantes: Leonidas’ men kill approximately 20,000 Persians. Leonidas and his elite suicide-squad die as martyrs. They died but they live forever in the hearts of all Greeks.
• Gideon fought against the forces of Midian. Could it be possible that “Midian” is really a reference to the “Medes” who were related to the Persians? Some referred to the Persians as ‘the Mede’. The capital of Media was in Ecbatana (Hamadan), in Northern Iran.
• Gideon captured two princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeev. Oreb and Zeev are killed and beheaded: the 300 lions of Sparta managed to kill two sons of Darius (Abrokomes & Hyperanthes). They were born to Darius by Phratagoune, daughter of Artanes (brother of Darius).
• Gideon also captured the two kings of Midian, Zeba and Zalmuna. Gideon severed them both: two brothers of Xerxes fell while the Spartans and the Persians were fighting over the corpse of Leonidas.
(the Midianites mentioned in the Book of Judges are really the “Medes”. Median guard, Persepolis, 6th-5th centuries B.C.)
It is more than obvious that the story of Gideon is really the story of Leonidas in ‘Jewish wrapping’.
(the 300 Lakedaimonoi died as martyrs in Thermopylae in late August 480 B.C.E. They live forever. There must be a logical reason why on Mount Oeta, not far to the west of Thermopylae, the demigod Herakles met his end on earth. Leonidas, son of Anaxandridas, was descended from Herakles)
ISRAEL, SPARTA, AND THE RAVINE OF THE ACCURSED
The Book of Leviticus makes mention of a fascinating Jewish ritual associated with the expiation of sins. Based on what the Bible says, on the day of Atonement the high priest Aharon sets two male goats before the Lord YHVH at the entrance of the meeting tent. The goat determined by lot ‘for the Lord’ is offered as a sin offering. The one determined by lot for Azazael is set alive before the Lord so that with it he might make atonement by sending it off to Azazael in the desert:
“When he has completed the atonement rite for the sanctuary, the meeting tent and the altar, Aharon shall bring forward the live goat. Laying both hands on its head, he shall confess over it all the sinful faults and transgressions of the Israelites, and so put them on the goat’s head. He shall then have it led to the desert by an attendant. Since the goat is to carry off their iniquities to an isolated region, it must be sent away into the desert.”
The word ‘Azazel’ refers to a “powerful”, strong cliff. Basically, the goat that carries off the iniquities of the Israelites is thrown off a cliff to a dark-somber place in the desert.
(the scapegoat, painting by the British artist William Holman Hunt. 1827-1910)
This highly interesting Jewish ritual of the “Azazel goat” shares similarities with a purification ritual practiced in militaristic Sparta. The Lakedaimonians were concerned with the reproduction of their citizen population, they cared about quantity but they also cared about quality. They believed in eugenics.
Newborn infants were given to the elders, to the authorities. They were dunked into a bath of undiluted wine in order to see their reaction. If the infants failed the test, they would die. They would be taken to a place called cryptically ‘the deposits’ and hurled to their certain deaths into a chasm. Those infants unluckily born with some obvious physical deformity or disability would share the same fate. Some scholars believe that this ‘grim ravine of the unfit’ was located somewhere on the Taygetus mountains.
(the Taygetus mountains in Sparta)
So we see, the Azazel ritual of the Jews is similar to the ‘eugenics ritual’ of the war-hardened Spartans. Both the accursed goat of Azazel (personification of impurity) and the feeble of Sparta would end up at the bottom of a cliff. We cannot say for certain that the Azazael ritual of the Israelites comes from Sparta, but,…it seems like there is a connection here.
WHY IS IT THAT SOME ORTHODOX JEWISH WOMEN SHAVE THEIR HEADS?
Some factions of the Orthodox Jewish world believe that a woman’s uncovered hair is equivalent to physical nudity. Therefore, Chassidic women shave their heads right after marriage as a symbol of fidelity to their husbands. Most of these modest women choose to wear a wig. What exactly is the origin of this practice? How come this tradition is only observed by religious Ashkenazi Jews?
(married Orthodox Jewish women [Ashkenazim] with their head covered. Scene from the film “Fill the void”, directed by Rama Burshstein )
Chapter 21 of the Book of Deuterenomy says that an Israelite man can marry a female captive only after she has shaved her head; before he takes her into his house she has to shave her hair (Deuterenomy 21:12). Obviously, the Orthodox Jewish women who shave their heads after marriage are not ‘war trophies’ (they are Jewish!) but, they shave their heads just like the female captives mentioned in the Book of Deuterenomy.
Again: what is the origin of this demeaning tradition? Answer: this custom comes from Ancient Sparta. When a Spartan warrior would turn 25 years old he was expected to take a wife. The actual marriage ceremony was not necessarily common by Greek standards; it began with ‘violent deflowering’, meaning ritualized rape. Preparation for the wedding-night began with the shaving of the bride’s head. A married Spartan woman had to keep her hair closely cropped. And why exactly were Spartan women required to shave their heads at the time of marriage? Could it be possible that the war-hardened Spartan warriors were trying to make them look like men? It is a known fact that in Sparta men lusted after men.
As we already know, Spartan society was an aggressive-militaristic society that tolerated no weakness, it was a ‘masculine society’ par excellence. All males in Sparta were forced into unnatural sexual practices. It is said that at the age of 7 all Spartan boys were removed from their home environment in order to embark in a communal educational system known as ‘the agoge’ (a brutal system of strict discipline). The goal was to turn them into ruthless-invincible warriors, a breed of supermen.
Every youth was under the supervision of a Spartan warrior that was approximately 20 or 25 years old, this supervisor operated as a ‘surrogate father’ and was responsible for the progress of the boy. This paternal figure was known as ‘the inspirer’ and his disciple was known as ‘the hearer’. When the youths would turn 12 the ‘inspirers’ would rape them (an absolute injustice),…an abhorrent practice indeed. This means that from 8 to 30 Spartan men would be in a ‘testosterone environment’,…surrounded by men exclusively. Every male in Sparta (every Spartan citizen) was forced into unnatural-despicable behavior without exception. The so called ‘inspirers’,…were they not child molesters sponsored by the state?
(the cult of ‘Apollo-Hyacinthus’ was the object of one of the major annual festivals of the Spartan religious calendar. Apollo, marble replica of an original bronze by Pheidias)
Spartan men had to live in the barracks (under full military discipline) until the age of 30. This means that the only way a Spartan husband would be able to visit his wife was by sneaking out at night. This is why some people say that Spartan husband might father several children before he actually saw his wife in broad daylight. It is only logical to think that there were men in Sparta who were sexually attracted to women but the majority of them saw women as ‘misbegotten males’. Some of those tough Spartans viewed their wives not as women, but as ‘wombs’ that would produce future Spartan warriors (Teknopoiia tools of the state).
So, this is why women in Sparta were expected to shave their heads before the wedding night; their husbands wanted them to resemble their ‘barracks brothers’. Now we know for sure why some Orthodox Jewish women shave their heads in order to please their beloved husbands!
(here we have ‘Joel Teitelbaum’, Rebbe of the Satmar Jewish community, …a strictly conservative man from the late 1800’s. He certainly believed that Jewish women had to shave their heads after marriage)
THE SPARTAN TRIBE OF BENJAMIN
The Benjaminites were a tribe of ‘hard to defeat’ titans, they were unbeatable sons of the right hand (Ben-Yamina). The people of Benjamin were mighty but they were also salivating predators that crossed limits that should never be crossed. If we scrutinize the tribe of Benjamin we will see that they resemble the indominatble Spartans in many ways. Let us decode Benjamin:
1 – (never kneel)
Jewish tradition says that the Benjaminites never under any circumstances kneel before anyone. Benjamin is the only son of Israel that was born in Canaan plus, Benjamin is the only one that did not kneel before Esau. Chapter 33 of the Book of Genesis states that all the tribes of Israel bowed to Esau. Benjamin? Benjamin did not kneel before mighty Esau because he hadn’t been born yet.
The Lakedaimonians were just like the Benjaminites, they had a ‘never surrender’ attitude and they were always willing to fight to the death. A Spartan warrior would never under any circumstances kneel before anyone, even if defeated he would stand his ground with honor. The Spartans were willing to commit suicide in the name of honor, it was impossible to make them kneel.
2 – (I am wolf)
Chapter 49 of the Book of Genesis compares the tribe of Benjamin to a ravenous wolf that devours prey and distributes spoils. How come Benjamin is equivalent to a wolf? One of Sparta’s most worthy men was a political innovator named Lykourgos, the Pithya praised him in the inner shrine of the oracle of Delphi and distated to him the sacred laws that established the Spartan way of life. The name Lykourgos literally means “wolfish”. So, Benjamin is a wolf and the lawgiver of Sparta was a wolf too!
3 – (only my tribe counts)
If one analyzes the Book of Judges he will see that the Benjaminites of Gibeah were xenophopic, they disliked visitors even if those visitors were fellow Israelites. What about the Spartans? The ultra-nationalists of Sparta were 100% ethnocentric, they certainly disliked foreigners. The Spartans were to some degree isolated from the rest of Greece.
4 – (military superiority)
When a person reads the Book of Judges, he realizes that the warriors of Benjamin were superior to all the other tribes of Israel. The Benjamites were militarily superior and they by themselves were mightier than all the other tribes of Israel put together. This certainly rings a bell when it comes to the Spartans that were totally dedicated to the art of war. The Spartans were the greatest warriors of the Greek world, they had no competition.
5 – (abominations)
If one reads Chapter 19 of the Book of Judges, he will see that the Benjaminites of Gibeah were a corrupt-twisted people, they were a gang of sex-offenders that crossed all kinds of limits. Based on the information provided by the Book of Judges, every man in Benjamin was given into unnatural sexual practices, they were very twisted. What about the lions of Sparta? It is a known fact that in Sparta men lusted after men, they even went as far as forcing youths into unnatural sexual practices (absolutely detestable). The Spartans were the best warriors in the world but they were also the most corrupt-filthy creatures of the Lord (they were irredeemable filth).
So we see, the Benjaminites were very similar to the Spartans.
(here’s Theodor Herzl, the Hungarian visionary of the Jewish State. Mr Herzl is considered to be the architect of the State of Israel and he is known as ‘BINYAMIN ZEEV’ which literally means “BENJAMIN THE WOLF”. Ashkenazi Jews claim ancestry from Benjamin)
RACHEL AND THE WOMEN OF SPARTA
We all know that Rachel, daughter of Laban, gave birth to two of the most important sons of Israel. She was Jacob’s favorite wife and she gave birth to Benjamin, the controversial tribe that would eventually inherit Jerusalem. Rachel called Benjamin “Ben Oni”, meaning son of affliction. After leaving Bethel on the way to Ephrata, possibly by Paddan-Aram; she gave birth to Benjamin, the famous “son of the right hand”:
‘When her pangs were most severe, her midwife said to her, “have no fear! This time, too, you have a son.” With her last breath-for she was at the point of death-she called him Ben Oni, his father however, named him Benjamin.”
Based on the information provided by the Bible, Rachel was buried on the road to Ephrath, near Ramah in Bethlehem. Genesis 35:20 says that Jacob did something special for her, he set up a memorial stone on her grave. It is said that the monument marks Rachel’s grave to this day. Rachel is the only woman in the Bible to be honored in such a way. Why was she favored? Is it because she died while giving birth?
This is something that could remind us of Spartan attitude to their dead, a distinctive trait. In militaristic Lacedaemonia, inscribed grave monuments were only for warrior fallen in battle (martyrs) or for women dead in childbirth. As we all know, our Rachel was treated like a martyr pretty much. She died while giving birth to Benjamin, the “hero-tribe” of the Israelite nation.
(Spartan female athlete)
(burials were allowed to take place in the inhabited area of Sparta, funerary monuments were set up near shrines so that constant exposure to the sight of them would make the young unafraid of death)
Can we say that the Biblical Rachel who stole Labn’s Teraphim was a Spartan woman? Of course not. But the tale of Rachel certainly has a Spartan flavor.
THE NAME ‘ISRAEL’
“You shall no longer be spoken of as Jacob, but as Israel, because you have contended with the divine and human beings and have prevailed.”
What is the origin of the name “ISRAEL”? Where does it come from? From a Biblical perspective the name Israel means “the one who wrestles with Elohim” (Isra-El) plus it is associated with a region in Canaan named Penuel (modern Jordan). Penuel literally means “face of God”. So, based on the information provided by the scriptures the name Israel means something like “struggle with the divine”.
From a historical approach the first mention ever of “ISRAEL” takes place in Egypt. Pharaoh Merenptah, son of Ramsses II and Istnofret, mentions Israel in his famous ‘stele of victory’.
(Merenptah [Hetephermaat], Ramsses II’s 13th son. 1212-1203. Buried in tomb KV 8, Valley of the Kings, Thebes)
In the 5th year of his reign Merenptah stole an enormous granite stele inscribed in its front by Amenhotep III and engraved it on the reverse side. He covered it with a long poetic text praising his victory over the threatening Libyans. The stele also mentions Ashkelon, Gezer, Yenoam, and Palestine (Hurru), it literally says the following:
“Israel is devastated, her seed is no more, Palestine has become a widow for Egypt”.
(only reference in the whole of Egyptian literature to “Israel”. The stele of Merenptah is located in the museum of Cairo, Egypt)
So, what exactly did pharaoh Merenptah mean by “ISRAEL” is devasted? Is he referring to the Libyans? It is a known fact that there was in Libya a tribe of Spartan origin known as the “TEMEH” and as we already know, the Lacedaemonians are associated with the Jewish people (Cyrene has always been a Greek colony, it is located in Shahat/Libya). Again,…could it be possible that in the eyes of Merenptah Libya was “Israel”? We don’t know. Either way, even if this was the case, most researchers would deny this in the name of political correctness. Most people want to automatically associate the name Israel with Palestine because their main source of information is the Bible (even though the Tanach is not a history book).
(Libyan dignitary in Egypt)
The Stele of Merenptah also compares the Palestine that once gave refuge to the Hyksos to a “widow”. Perhaps pharaoh Merenptah was trying to say that Palestine is the homeland of the Israelites? Maybe in his eyes Israel was associated with the inhabitants of the Jezreel valley in Palestine? We don’t know for sure. Maybe in the eyes of Merenptah the confederation of sea peoples of Greek and Anatolian origin that threatened Egypt were “Israel” (they were allies of the despised Libyans).
(a fortified doorway at Medinet Habu shows Ramsses III’s victory over the sea people’s coalition)
Amongst the invaders we find the Ekwesh (Achaeans), Teresh (Thyrrenians), Lukka (Lycians), Sherdana (Sardinians or Sardis), Shekelesh (Scicily), Peleset (Attica/Crete), Thejker (Troy)…etc. It is a known fact for example that the Teucrians (Thejker) established a colony in Northern Palestine at some point, at “Dor” to be specific (somewhere beneath Mount Carmel in the territory of Manasseh).
(wall painting from the palace of Minos at Cnossus, Crete. People of Cretan origin were part of the federation of sea peoples that challenged Egypt at different points)
Lastly, why did Merenptah steal a giant granite stele from the father of the heretic Akhenaton? Could it be possible that in the eyes of Merenptah, Israel is a subliminal reference to Akhenaton? Let us not forget that the deformed son of Amenhotep III (Akhenaton) turned Egypt upside-down with his monotheistic reforms of the “Aten” (Aten = Adonai). In the eyes of Seti I, Ramsses II, and Merenptah, Amenhotep IV was a treacherous criminal that could not be forgiven. Could it be possible that “Israel” is a reference to abhorrent Akhenaton that married the daughter of Yuya-Joseph?
(the revolutionary known as Akhenaton)
We don’t know and probably we will never know.
It almost seems as if somehow pharaoh Merenptah knew deep in his soul that one day there would be a State in Palestine called Israel. Unbelievable!!!
ORESTES AND LORD OG OF THE BASHAN
Tradition says that the militaristic Spartans fought against Tegea several times without success, the Tegeans defeated them. The Lacedaemonians inquired of the Pythia of Delphi, the oracle stated that in order for them to subjugate Tegea they would have to locate the bones of Orestes, son of Agamemnon plus they would have to bring the bones back to Sparta.
An Agathoergi named Lichas, a distinguished Spartan, traveled to Tegea and ran into a certain smith (by accident). It turned out that the sepulchre of Orestes was in the courtyard of the iron worker, in Tegean territory. The forger had accidentally discovered a coffin made out of iron that was more than 10 feet long. Without any doubt, the sarcophagus contained the bones of Orestes, son of Agamemnon & Clytemnestra. Lichas managed to make a deal with the smith and the bones were repatriated to Lacedaemonia. From that time on, whenever the Spartans and the Tegeans met in battle, the Lacedaemonians were victorious. By that time the chosen people of Lykourgos had conquered the greater part of the Peloponnese.
The tale of the bones of Orestes, son of Agamemnon seems to find an echo in the book of Deuterenomy. Apparently, the scribe who manufactured this sacred book wanted to encrypt the pagan tale of the Spartans (into the kosher book of Deuterenomy). The story of Israel conquering the land of Og, king of the Bashan rings a bell when it comes to the story of Sparta conquering Tegea (thanks to the bones of Orestes). We cannot say that both stories are a reflection of each other but there are some similarities that are definitely worthy of our attention:
• Israel, a people with territorial ambitions, wanted to subjugate Og, king of the Bashan (modern Jordan). Israel lusted after Og’s land: Sparta, the chosen one of Lykourgos, wanted to conquer the region known as Tegea in the Peloponnese.
• Israel seizes the land of the “GIANT” named Og who reigns in the Bashan area: in order to prevail over Tegea, the Spartans would have to bring the bones of Orestes (a giant) back to Sparta. Both Og of the Bashan and Orestes, son of Agamemnon are giants. Deuterenomy 3:11 says that Og was 9 feet tall and Orestes was more than 10 feet tall. Og and Orestes = giants.
• The Amorite king of the Bashan was named “OG”: Orestes was the son of Agamemnon. Is Og a code for Agamemnon? Og = Aga. Og-omemnon = Aga-memnon.
• Lichas managed to discover the burial site of Orestes thanks to an iron-worker from Tegea: The book of Deuterenomy says that Og had a bed made out of iron (a sarcophagus of basalt) that was 9 cubits long and 4 wide. An “iron-worker” from Tegea = a bed made out of “iron”.
• Israel ended up seizing the territory of Og, king of the Bashan. Deuterenomy 3:4 says they conquered the whole region of Argov: Is Argov a reference to the Greek city of Argos, North East of Tegea? We don’t know for sure.
• Israel prevails over Og, the giant king of the Bashan: Sparta ends up conquering Tegea after having recovered the bones of Orestes, son of Agamemnon.
Basically, no one can say that the scribe who manufactured the book of Deuterenomy borrowed a few things from the expansionist Lacedaemonians in order to magnify the politically correct book of Deuterenomy. Yes, the Spartan tale of Lichas recovering the bones of the son of Agamemnon finds an echo in the tale of Og, king of the Bashan. Then again, we cannot say both stories are a reflection of each other.
KING DAVID WANTED TO BUILD A TEMPLE FOR YHVH IN JERUSALEM
When David was about to die he said the following words to his son Solomon:
“My son, as for me, it was in my mind to build a house to the name of the Lord my God; ‘but the word of the Lord came to me, saying, “you have shed much blood and made many great wars; you shall not build a house for my name, because you have shed much blood on the earth in my sight.’”
(I Chronicles 22:7-8)
David wanted to build a Temple for YHVH but he was unable to fulfill this wish. Alexander III of Macedon had a similar desire, when he was about to expire he stated that he wanted to build ZEUS a temple at Dium (in Macedonian territory).
(head of Zeus, William’s college museum of art, Williamstown, Massachusets)
Dium was like “a Jerusalem”, it was a Macedonian sacred city at the foot of Mount Olympus. Could it be possible that there is some type of symbolic connection between the Temple of Zeus at Dium and the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem? Let us see:
• David desires to build a house for his Lord YHVH right when his death was near. When Alexander the Great was close to death he stated his wish to build a temple to Zeus in Dium/Macedonia.
• From a Biblical perspective the temple of Solomon was located on Mount Moriah (Jerusalem) and Alexander’s envisioned temple of Zeus was to be built on Mount Olympus.
• Jerusalem was a sacred city for the Biblical David and Dium was sacred to Alexander III and to the Macedonians.
A NAME OF HYKSO FLAVOR
The Book of Genesis speaks of a cunning individual named Jacob, he was the son of Isaac and Rebekah and the brother of reddish Esau. The scriptures describe Jacob as a simple man who kept to his tents.
The name ‘Jacob’, what does it mean? What kind of name is it? Names are essences, it is said that the name Jacob has an etymological connection to the Hebrew word “AQEB” (heel) since Jacob was born gripping the heel of his brother Esau.
From a historical perspective, the name Jacob can be considered a throwback to the times of the Hyksos in Egypt. In the XV dynasty for example there was a Hykso ruler that went by the name “YAKUBHER”; he was the successor of Sheshi. His throne name was Mer-user-Re which literally means ‘strong is the love of Ra’. The name Yakubher,…doesn’t it remind us of Rebekah’s favorite son? Let us see:
(cartouche of the Hykso ruler Yakubher. The one on the top is his birth name [Yakubher] and the one at the bottom spells ‘Meruserre’)
There was another desert prince that had a name that reminds us of Jacob. He was a ruler of the XVI dynasty and his name was “YAKOBAAM” (he was not as important as Yakubher). This name does not occur in cartouches, it is known from scarabs found in northern Egypt and in southern Palestine.
It is evident that the name “Jacob” is a Hykso name.
ALEXANDER THE GREAT, THE JEWS, AND THE BEIT HAMIKDASH
Jewish tradition says that after the siege of Tyre Alexander III of Macedon had some type of interactivity with the inhabitants of Samaria. Jewish sources claim that the people of Sebastes (Samaria) tried to turn Alexander against the Jews but they failed in their attempt. The truth is that Alexander’s army established a garrison in Samaria, after a while the Samaritans rebelled and burned the garrison commander alive. Alexander punished them severely.
(Samaritan priest with a scroll of the Law)
The Jews claim that Alexander went up to Zophim, a location in the North of Jerusalem and that there HE KNELT BEFORE THE LEADER OF THE JEWS. The main Jewish authority at that time was either Jaddua (Jaddus) or a certain “Simon the tzadik” (Simon the righteous) who was supposedly a priest.
(painting by Sebastiano Conca [1680-1764]. Spain/Madrid, Museo del Prado)
Based on what the Jews say, Alexander the Great honored Simon, the chief priests, the elders, and the leading citizens. It is said that he also offered sacrifices in the Temple and granted them (the Jews) many privileges.
Jewish sources also claim that the main leader of the Jews at the time, the Kohen Gadol, appeared to Alexander in a dream confirming his victory over Darius III. We are of course expected to believe this but, the truth is that this is a Jewish fable, nothing more. Why would a SHA of SHAS like Alexander kneel before a gang of non-Macedonians who were narrow-minded monotheists? Why would a “Dionysos lover” like Alexander bow before Jaddus or Shimon? Are we expected to believe that drunken-pagan Alexander renounced polytheism for the sake of Rabbinical monotheism?
Also, how is it possible that Alexander didn’t notice the magnificent Beit HaMikdash? He paid more than enough attention to Tyre and he certainly paid attention to fortified Gaza! Obviously, there’s something that the Rabbis don’t want us to know, whatever that “something” is!…
The Macedonians certainly interacted with the people of Samaria but as far as Jerusalem goes, …no one knows for sure what took place (that is “IF ANYTHING AT ALL” took place).
One thing is clear, more than clear:
In their infinite arrogance the Jews expect us to believe that Alexander, king of kings, master of the world, an Achilles-like hero, knelt before them and recognized YHVH as the ‘TRUE LIVING GOD’. This is not just a lie, it is “A PATHETIC LIE”. Do you think Benjamin Netanyahu wants us to know that Gaza was more important than Jerusalem in the times of Alexander? In the times of the great Greek historian Herodotus of Halicarnassus Gaza was a firmly established city-state. Jerusalem? Jerusalem was not significant in the times of Herodotus.
JACOB’S PERVERTED SON
“Leah conceived and bore a son, and she named him Reuben; for she said, ‘the Lord saw my misery; now my husband will love me’”.
The book of Genesis mentions an incident that could remind us of pharaoh Amenhotep III and his son Akhenaton. Jacob had a promiscuous son with Leah, his name was “Reuben”. Based on what the Torah says, Reuben committed a hideous crime against his father; he had intercourse with one of his father’s wives which means that he uncovered his father’s nakedness:
“You, Reuben, my first-born, my strength and the first fruit of my manhood, excelling in rank and excelling in power! Unruly as water, you shall no longer excel, for you climbed into your father’s bed and defiled my couch to my sorrow.”
If we look into Genesis 30:14 we will see that Reuben is associated with roots of erotic connotations, meaning mandrakes. The Hebrew word for ‘mandrake’ is “DUDAIM” and dudaim sounds like ‘daddayim’ (breasts) and ‘dodim’ (sexual pleasure). So, Raa-Beonyi (Reu-Ben = my misery) desecrated his own body by sinning against the man who gave him life.
Does this not sound like the story of Akhenaton? His incestuous father Amenhotep III married the love of his life, a woman named “TY’I” who was the daughter of a noble named Yuya. They had a son named Amenhotep IV (Akhenaton) that succeeded Amenhotep III as pharaoh even though he was never meant to be his successor (at one point Amenhotep III married one of his own daughters). Akhenaton, the man who turned Egypt upside-down with his very un-Egyptian solar reforms, …he ruled the land with the help of his mother. Ty’i was “his wife” symbolically speaking. Even though Akhenaton did not have sex with his mother, people compare him to the Greek king “Oedipus”, a man who killed his father and married his own mother (Akhenaton erased Amun’s name even from his father’s name on inscriptions).
(mummy of pharaoh Amenhotep III, father of the heretic Akhenaton)
As far as “Biblical Reuben” goes, we cannot say that his ugly story is based on the story of the pharaoh of “Oedipus flavor” (the son of an incestuous pharaoh). There is no evidence showing that the scribes who wrote the Bible borrowed that story from ancient Egyptian sources; Jacob is not Amenhotep III and Reuben is not Amenhotep IV. But,… it seems that the incestuous story involving Jacob and Reuben has a connection, at least a “potential connection” to the land of the pharaohs.
(Tutankhamun married his half sister Ankhesenamun [Ankhesenpaaten])
(here’s Merytamun, the daughter-wife of Ramsses II. She was Ramsses’ 4th daughter born to Nefertari)
(here we have the woman-pharaoh Hatshepsut, daughter of Thutmoses I & successor of Thutmoses II. She married her half brother Thutmoses II [he died] plus she also married her half brother Thutmoses III)
(Amenhotep III married Sitamun, his own flesh & blood. She was the eldest daughter of Ty’i)
DAVID AND THE LAND OF HIRAM
In the year 332 B.C.E. Alexander the Great conquered Phoenicia, he blasted the fortified offshore island of “New Tyre”. It was not an easy task, the assault lasted seven consecutive months. Seven months of excruciating effort! The captives were sold into slavery, he punished the Tyrians by crucifying 2000 of them by the Phoenician shores.
(Alexander at the battle of Granicus. Alexander sarcophagus of Sidon, Istanbul/Turkey)
What does this have to do with the Biblical David? The 2nd book of Samuel mentions two captains of Saul who were mutilated and hanged until night time:
“So David commanded his young men, and they executed them, cut off their hands and feet, and hanged them BY THE POOL in Hebron.”
(II Samuel 4:12)
This passage implies that the two Benjamites who served Saul were hanged on some type of wooden structure; this is something that rings a bell when it comes to “crucifixion” (crosses are made out of wood). Then he hanged them “by a pool”, meaning BY WATER. By shores? This passage of the 2nd book of Samuel, doesn’t it remind us of the 2000 Tyrians that Alexander crucified by the shores of Phoenicia?
The vandals punished by David were Israelites, not Tyrians. Yet, it is interesting to see that right after chapter 4 of the 2nd book of Samuel (the crucifixion by the pool is mentioned in II Samuel 4:12) the Tyrian king Hiram is mentioned all of the sudden (II Samuel 5:11). Isn’t this sort of a weird synchronicity? As if this is not enough, chapter 21 of the 2nd book of Samuel says that David hanged “SEVEN” Benjamites so that there would be rain in Israel. Didn’t Alexander blast the Tyrians for “SEVEN” consecutive months? Let us attempt to decode this:
• Alexander crucifies 2000 Tyrians by the shores of Phoenicia = David hangs two folks on trees by a pool.
• Alexander assaulted the offshore fortified island of Tyre for ‘SEVEN’ months = David hanged ‘SEVEN’ folks from the house of Saul in order to lift a curse from Israel.
• II Samuel 21:10 says that after the seven Benjamites were sacrificed there was “RAIN”. Rain = water, the pool of Hebron,…the shores of Phoenicia.
DEBORAH AND NEITH
The book of Judges mentions a brave Israelite woman who led the battalions of YHVH when the nation was oppresed by a Caananite king named Jabin, her name was Deborah; she was the wife of a certain Lappidoth. Deborah was a fearless warrior-queen like Boudicea, she was the personification of leadership. It was her who encouraged Barak, son of Abinoam to fight the numerous troops of Sisera (Jabin’s supreme commander). Thanks to Deborah and to a kenite woman named Jael, Israel prevailed over Jabin, an unbeliebable miracle.
Where is the historical Deborah? Could it be possible that the Biblical figure known as Deborah is equivalent to the Egyptian goddess “Neith”? There must be a logical reason why Judges 5:6 mentions Anath (Neith). How come Deborah’s military victory is associated with the Egyptian goddess of hunting, war, and wisdom?
Neith was worshipped in the Menphite area during the old kingdom as a protector of kings. Didn’t Deborah protect Barak, son of Abinoam by guiding his very moves? Neith’s main cult center was at “Sais” in the Delta, she wore the crown of Lower Egypt and her emblem was a shield with crossed arrows (the goddess Neith was very popular during the XXVI dynasty).
(Neith: goddess of war and wisdom, the Egyptian Athena)
Can we say that Deborah and Neith are one and the same? Answer: No. Maybe the scribes who wrote the book of Judges decided to tell the tale of Neith-Anath through the Biblical character of Deborah? There is no evidence of that. One thing is certain, the Biblical character of Deborah is a ‘warrior-goddess’ symbolically speaking.
The “Sais-Pharaohs” of the XXVI dynasty:
• Psamtek I (Wahibre), 664-610.
• Necho II (Wahemibre), 610-595.
• Psamtek II (Neferibre), 595-589.
• Apries (Wahibre), 589-570.
• Amasis II (Sineit), Khnemibre, 570-526.
• Psamtek III (Ankhare), 526-525.
ARAUNAH THE JEBUSITE AND FORTIFIED TYRE
“I am a God, I sit in the seat of gods, in the midst of the seas.”
(aerial view of Tyre)
The Bible speaks of a fellow named Araunah the Jebusite who interacted with David at some point (the Jebusite lived in Jerusalem). David purchased land from him (supposedly) in order to offer elevation offerings to YHVH. The “business-oriented dialogue” that David had with Araunah might remind us of Tyre. When Alexander III of Macedon reached the shores of Tyre he tried to take the city not by force but by using sagacity. He tried to cut “a deal” with the Tyrians:
“The Tyrians worshiped a god called Melkart, who was widely identified with Heracles. Alexander tried to disguise his strategic interest in the city by announcing that he wished to pay his respects to Melkart/Heracles in the god’s temple, and so honor the Tyrians and his own ancestor. The Tyrians were not fooled, and refused his request, believing themselves safe behind their impregnable walls.”
(Alexander’s tomb [the two thousand year obsession to find the lost conqueror], Nicholas J. Saunders. Basic Books. Pg 12)
The Jebusite of Jerusalem lived behind fortified walls like the Tyrians. In fact, Chapter 5 of the 2nd book of Samuel says that they did not allow David to enter their city. They even had the nerve to defy him! As we already know, “New Tyre” was surrounded by water and the city of the Jebusite was apparently surrounded by water as well. In II Samuel 5:8 David said the following to his men:
“All who wish to strike the Jebusite must do so THROUGH THE WATER SHAFT.”
In order to access the offshore island of Tyre Alexander had to build two moles. II Samuel 5:9 says something that rings a bell when it comes to Alexander’s strategy; it says that David built up the area “FROM MILLO TO THE PALACE”. This certainly reminds us of the mole used by Alexander.
(the Heraclean island of Tyre)
As if this is not enough, II Samuel 5:11 mentions Hiram of Tyre. In other words, right after speaking about the strategy used by David to conquer the Jebusite (code for the Tyrians?) the name of Hiram (king of Tyre) emerges by magic. Samuel 5:11 says that Hiram assisted David with cedar wood, carpenters, and masons.
(bronze sculpture of Apollo. It is said that Alexander found a colossal statue of Apollo in Tyre, the Tyrians feared that Apollo would desert to Alexander so they chained the statue. Apollo of Piombino, Paris)
Is Jebus-Zion a code for the Tyre blasted by Alexander the Great? Let us not forget that Jeremiah 22:6 calls Judah “the head of Lebanon”.
HIRAM AND PYTHAGORAS
One of the most illustrious men of all time was a Sidonian of Greek flavor named Pythagoras. Pythagoras was a mathematician, a philosopher, and a mystic. It is said that he was the living embodiment of wisdom in its metaphysical and ethical dimensions, some have gone as far as saying that he was the son of Apollo. Pythagoras studied in the most distinguished learning centers of the ancient world. When he turned 56, he returned to Greece and started to teach.
What are the origins of Pythagoras? We already know that he was born in Sidon/Phoenicia. His father was a Tyrian merchant named Mnesarchos. At one point Mnesarchos consulted the Pythia in Delphi, the oracle revealed that he would have a son that would be considered the pinnacle of human achievement;…a son that would surpass all others in beauty and wisdom. The name “Pythagoras” means something like ‘speaking truth’ (agoreuein) no less than the God of Delphi (tou Pythiou).
Pythagoras mother was a Greek woman from Samos, her original name was Parthenis. Since the Pythia of Delphi prophesied about her semi-divine son, she changed her name to ‘Pythais’. The scribes who wrote the 1st book of Kings knew that Pythagoras was one of the most transcendental personages of all time, therefore; they decided to tell his amazing tale through the Biblical character of Hiram (Solomon’s servant). If we scrutinize the Hiram mentioned in chapter 7 of the book of Kings, we will indeed see that he is the mere reflection of Pythagoras.
(bust of Pythagoras)
The Biblical Hiram who served king Solomon was a Phoenician from Tyre, his father was a Tyrian. His mother was an Israelite widow from the tribe of Naphtali. I Kings 7:14 says that Hiram was endowed with skill, understanding, and knowledge of how to produce any work in bronze. He came to king Solomon and did all his artistic metal work. Let us decode this:
• Hiram was born in Phoenicia: Pythagoras was born in Sidon/Phoenicia. Hiram was a Tyrian and Pythagoras was a Sidonian but, they were both Phoenicians.
• Hiram’s father was a man from Tyre: Pythagoras’ father was a Tyrian.
• Hiram’s mother was an Israelite from the tribe of Naphtali: Pythagoras’ mother was a Greek that changed her name to “Pythais” (in honor of the Delphic Pythia). Naphta-li = Naphta, a flammable liquid that could remind us of the “ethylene-vapours” that emanated from the Delphic Omphalos. Plus, the territory of Naphtali is not too far from Tyre or from Sidon.
• Hiram was a unique-creative individual, a “Bezalel type” filled with divine spirit of skill: Pythagoras was a genius, a man that gleamed with supernatural brightness; he was considered to be the son of Apollo.
• Hiram the Tyrian could produce any work in bronze: it is said that Pythagoras’ father (a Tyrian) was a gem-emgraver (a sculptor like Hiram).
It is clear that the Biblical Hiram who served king Solomon is really Pythagoras, son of Apollo.
DAVID AND PHARAOH NECTANEBO II
Some people believed that Alexander’s real father was Pharaoh Nectanebo II and not Phillip II. Nectanebo II was a king of the XXXth dynasty, Ptolemy I Soter certainly considered him to be Alexander’s mythical father (that certainly worked for Ptolemy’s benefit).
Chapter 5 of the 2nd book of Samuel says some intriguing things concerning David. It says that he was “30” years old when he became king (II Samuel 5:4). What does this have to do with Alexander? Nectanebo II, mythical progenitor of Alexander, was Pharaoh of the XXXth dynasty. This is a weird correlation: David is 30 when begins ruling and Nectanebo was Pharaoh of the 30th dynasty…!
Chapter 5 of the 2nd book of Samuel appears to speak about Alexander’s birth and about his death (as crazy as that sounds!). II Samuel 5:5 says that David reigned for 7 years and 6 months in Hebron over Judah. Once again, what does this have to do with Alexander? By “7 years” the book of Samuel reaally means “the month of July” (the 7th month). When was Alexander born? Answer: as we already know July 20th, 356 B.C.E. Is it a coincidence? What does the book of Samuel mean by “6” months? By 6 months it means “the month of June” (month number 6). When did Alexander die? Answer: as we already know, on June 10th, 323 B.C.E. He died of fever in Babylon.
(head of Alexander, from Pergamon. Marble, Istanbul)
How old was Alexander when he passed away? Answer: he was nearly 33, he was 32 years old. II Samuel 5:5 says that David reigned 33 years in Jerusalem over Israel and Judah. The parallels here are simply undeniable!
THE TALLIT WORN BY THE RELIGIOUS JEWS
A Tallit is a fringed garment traditionally worn by religious Jews. The Tallit Gadol is worn during the morning services (Shacharit) and on the High Holidays. The custom of wearing Tallit,…is it a Jewish custom? Why do religious Jews cover their head with the Tallit Gadol? Why does a Tallit have stripes? These are all legitimate questions, questions that demand a solid answer.
(Orthodox Rabbi wearing a Tallit, absorbed in Tefillah)
The truth is that the custom of wearing Tallit comes from the land of the pharaohs. In other words, the Tallit Gadol is pretty much a copy of the striped cloth worn by the pharaohs in ancient Egypt (it was called “Nemes”), …keep in mind that these royal headdresses had stripes like the Talliot of the Jews.
Isn’t it obvious that the Jews took this custom from the Egyptians? It is interesting that for the most part, the Talliot have blue, black, and golden stripes. The Nemes worn by the pharaohs had blue and golden stripes. So yes, the Tallit is Egyptian in essence.
(pharaoh Tutankhamun wearing Nemes)
(here we see pharaoh Seti I wearing the famous Nemes, scene from the Brazillian TV series “Os dez mandamentos” [the ten commandments], 2015)
Isn’t it obvious that the Tallit Gadol of the observant Jews is a product of the striped head-cloth worn by the pharaohs in ancient Egypt?
THE CHOSHEN OF THE KOHEN GADOL: PLEASE DIAL 1-800-YHVH.
The Book of Exodus mentions a sacred vestment worn by the Kohen Gadol:
“The breastpiece of decision you shall also have made, embroidered like the ephod with gold thread and violet, purple and scarlet yarn on cloth of fine linen twined. It is to be square when folded doubled, a span high and a span wide. On it you shall mount four rows of precious stones: in the 1st row, a carnelian, a topaz, and an emerald; in the 2nd row, a garnet, a saphire, and a beryl; in the 3rd row, a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst; in the 4th row, a chrysolite, an onyx and a jasper. These stones are to be mounted in gold filigree work, 12 of them to match the names of the sons of Israel. Each stone engraved like a seal with the name of one of the 12 tribes.”
(the Kohen Gadol, supposedly descended from Aharon ha Kohen)
This sacred breastplate was meant to function as a “Nahash tool”, meaning as a tool of divination in times of national stress (even though the Rabbis will deny that). The High Priest would consult “the Lord” through this magnificent and enigmatic tool. He would receive an answer through the Hebrew letters engraved on the stones;…basically, the priest would ask a question and the question would be answered in words spelled out from the letters on his jewelled breastplate. The High Priest was of course responsible for interpreting the answer.
(here he was the names of the twelve sons of Israel engraved in the sacred stones of the Choshen)
If we analyze the consecrated breastplate (as a structure), we will indeed see that it is similar to a phone. The breastplate has twelve stones with names engraved on it and a phone has twelve buttons, each digit is equivalent to different letters. The fascinating “CHOSHEN” was symbolically speaking, “A DIRECT PHONE-LINE” to YHVH, God of Israel (hypothetically speaking).
(it is obvious that the Choshen functioned as “a phone”, at least symbolically speaking)
(the high priest would ask a question and his question would be answered in words spelled out from the letters engraved on the stones. If he would ask for example if “Israel should go to war against Moab” and the reply would be “YES”, it would work more or less something like this)
(another stone would glow revealing another letter…)
(and another stone would glow revealing another letter!…)
(this basically would mean “YES”, Israel “SHOULD GO” to war against Moab, they will be victorious. This is more or less how the “CHOSHEN” operated)
What exactly is the problem with the phenomenon known as the Choshen? Answer: as we have already seen, the High Priest of Israel would interact with YHVH through a sophisticated tool of “DIVINATION”. One could say that there is not much different between the Kohen Gadol and an Afro-Cuban “Santero” (a practicioner of the Yoruba religion). The Orthodox Rabbis want us to believe that they abhorred paganism and that they abhorred idolatry, but again,…technically speaking, there is not much difference between the divination tool known as the “CHOSHEN” and an “OUIJA BOARD”.
THE KERUBIM OF THE HOLY ARK AND THE TWO EAGLES OF ZEUS AT DELPHI
“You shall not make for yourself a carved image – any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth;…”
The captivating Ark of the Covenant has always been a subject of fascination. The Ark’s cover had two golden Kerubim that had their wings stretched over. Many things have been said about the controversial angelic figures that had their faces turned from each other:
“Make two Kerubim of beaten gold for the two ends of the propitiatory, fastening them so that one Cherub springs direct from each end. The Kerubim shall have their wings spread out above, covering the propitiatory with them; they shall be turned toward each other, but with their faces looking toward the propitiatory. This propitiatory you shall then place on top of the Ark. In the Ark itself you are to put the commandments which I will give you. There I will meet you and there, from above the propitiatory, between the two Kerubim on the Ark of the commandments, I will tell you all the commands that I wish you to give the Israelites.”
(Exodus 25: 18-22)
Exodus 20:4 forbids the Israelites to make carved images (sculptures) of anything that is in the heaven above yet,…the Holy Ark of the Covenant is topped with two eagle looking beings that possess a Greco-Roman aroma. How could this be in the “Kodeh ha kedoshim”, meaning in the Holy of Holies?
(winged Nike from Samothrace. This pagan deity is winged like the Kerubim of the Orthodox Rabbis. One is considered kosher and the other one is not but, the structure is more or less the same. Parian marble, Paris)
Coincidentally, the ‘Inner Sanctum’ is located today in the heart of the Dome of the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhra, on Mount Moriah). The shrine of the Dome of the Rock contains a large-pierced sacred stone known as the ‘FOUNDATION STONE’. This Holy place is believed to be a spiritual junction of heaven and earth; this automatically turns Jerusalem into “THE NAVEL OF THE EARTH”.
(the sacred stone in the heart of Jerusalem, the holy city)
Why is this important? Answer: the structure of the Kodesh ha kedoshim on Mount Moriah might take us all the way back to the times of the oracle of Delphi in ancient Greece. The Adyton of the sacred oracle on Mount Parnassus rings a bell when it comes to the Holy of holies in Jerusalem. The Pithya consecrated to Apollo (equivalent to the practitioner of divination known as the Kohen Gadol) would be seated on a tripod next to a Holy conical stone known as “THE OMPHALOS”. This pierced-rounded Rock was so to speak the “spiritual heart of the ancient Greek world” (a Jerusalem) and it was considered to be the “navel of the earth” (like Jerusalem). Sacred vapours would come out of the orifice of the Onphalos (the stone in the heart of the Dome of the Rock is pierced too), this would make the Pithya “rapturous” in her divine intoxication.
(limestone block from the oracle chamber, a den under the floor piped intoxicating smoke [ethylene] through the block’s penetrating hole into the Inner sanctum)
There was an eagle on each side of the Omphalos, the eagles represented Zeus’authority. Basically, the sacred Rock in the Adyton was guarded by “TWO EAGLES” and the Ark of the Covenant was topped by “TWO WINGED KERUBIM” (equivalent to the two eagles of Zeus in Delphi). Let us not forget that the Ark of the Covenant and the “FOUNDATION STONE” of the Dome of the Rock (equivalent to the Omphalos of Delphi) are connected.
What is the meaning of all this? Answer: the Orthodox Rabbis loathe paganism but, everything seems to indicate that “Kodesh ha kedoshim” on Mount Moriah is based on a pagan-Greek concept. Again, let us analyze this:
• The Holy Ark of the Covenant located in the Holy of Holies is topped with two winged Kerubim: the Omphalos in the Adyton of Delphi was guarded by two eagles that represented Zeus (many have compared YHVH to Zeus). Two winged Kerubim: two eagles.
• The area of the Holy of Holies in Jerusalem is considered to be the “NAVEL” of the earth: the Inner Sanctum of the oracle of Delphi was seen as the spiritual heart of ancient Greece and as the “NAVEL” of the earth. Delphi was a “JERUSALEM” to the Greeks.
• The two Kerubim that had their wings spread out were turned toward each other but their faces were turned from each other: the oracle of Delphi was considered to be a shrine of luminous Apollo but the fleshy Dionysus was also venerated there. Faces turned from each other: a duality symbolizing Apollo and Dionysus?
• In order to prophesy the pithya would sit on a tripod next to the Omphalos, to fall into a trance she would inhale sacred fumes that would emanate from the pierced Omphalos: the sacred stone in the heart of the Dome of the Rock is pierced like the conical-rounded Omphalos of Delphi.
• The pithya was a high priestess completely dedicated to Apollo even though throughout the Greek world most of the representatives of Apollo were men: the Kohen Gadol who practiced “Kosher divination” is equivalent to the pithya: important people would consult the pithya in times of national stress (in order to make important decisions) and Israel would consult YHVH through the “CHOSHEN” in times of war.
It is obvious that the Holy of Holies of the Jews has a connection to the Adyton of ancient Delphi.
(here we see king Aigeus of Athens consulting the Pithya. On the left hand she holds a dish filled with water of a sacred spring and on the right hand she holds a sprig of laurel, Apollo’s holy plant. Inner surface of a red-figure kylix of the 5th century B.C.)
THE SEVEN SACRED LIGHTS
The sacred candelabra known as the ‘Menorah’ is the most iconic symbol of the Jewish people.
“The lampstand was made of pure beaten gold-its shaft and branches as well as its cups and knobs and petals springling directly from it. Six branches extended from its sides, three branches on one side and three on the other.”
The Menorah has seven branches in total: three on the right, three on the left, and one in the middle. This ancient lampstand was used in the portable sanctuary set up by Moses and in the famous Jerusalem Temple. Today the Menorah is the emblem of the coat of arms of the modern State of Israel.
(Jewish war captives carrying the Temple lampstand in the triumphal procession. Arch of Titus, Rome. Alinari)
Could it be possible that the Menorah, symbol of kosher monotheism, is an item of pagan origin? Could it be possible that the Delphic tripod of Apollo evolved and became what is today the Menorah? Like Amon-Ra and Mithras, Apollo was a “solar” deity (a god of fire). Apollo was the god of light, order, reason, and prophecy. What does Apollo have to do with the sven branched candelabra of the Israelites? Let us see:
• Apollo was a solar god, a god of fire, a god of light: the Menorah has seven flames. Sun-fire-light = seven lights.
• The 7th day of each month was sacred to Apollo: the Menorah has seven branches.
• In order to deliver the oracles of Apollo, the Pithya would seat on the sacred Delphic tripod: originally the Menorah had a three-legged base. Tripod = three legged base.
(Menorah with a three-legged base depicted on a bronze amulet from Syria. Jerusalem, Israel Museum)
This does not prove that the Menorah is a product of solar worship associated with Apollo. But, there is a potential connection between the Delphic tripod of Apollo and the famous Menorah.
(some believe that the word ‘Menorah’ comes from “Amon-Ra” [Men-Ra = Amon-Ra]. What is known is that Ra-Herakhty is associated with Horus and Horus is the Egyptian version of Apollo. In Book II of ‘The Histories’, Herodotus declares that Horus & Apollo are one & the same. Herdodotus, The Histories, Book 2.144.2)
A HOLY ARK AND A FUNERAL CAR
The 2nd book of Samuel talks about how the Ark of the Covenant was transferred “ON A NEW CAR” from the house of Abinadad to the city of David. From a Biblical perspective this ark is of course the sacred Ark of YHVH, the mysterious artifact that gave Israel many victories.
Then again, the ark that went from the house of Abinadad to the city of David might remind us of something else: the wheeled funeral car used to transport Alexander’s embalmed body from Babylon to Macedonia. Technically, the Ark of the Covenant is not supposed to have a connection to ancient Macedonia but,…the ark mentioned in the 2nd Book of Samuel rings a bell when it comes to the wheeled funerary cart of Alexander III the Great.
(the Ark of “the Lord”?…model built by the archaeologist Stella Miller-Collett based on the description by Diodorus. It is said that the car was pulled by sixty four mules)
On August 325 B.C.E. Alexander and his men left India and headed towards Persia. They reached Susa (Shushan) on February 324 B.C.E.
“Then the anger of the Lord was aroused against Uzzah, and God struck him there for his error; and he died there by the ark of God. And David became angry because of the Lord outbreak against Uzzah; and he called the name of the place PEREZ UZZAH to this day.”
(II Samuel 6:7-8)
Perez Uzzah? Could “PEREZ” be a reference to “PERSIA”? Could “UZZAH” be a reference to “SUSA”? The Bible says that David was affected by the death of Uzzah. Who exactly is this character known as Uzzah? Perhaps this could have something to do with the beloved Hephaestion of Alexander?
After Hephaestion’s death Alexander died of fever in Babylon on June 10, 323 B.C.E. He was 32 years old. Alexander’s body remained in Babylon for two years. Eventually, Alexander’s men placed his corpse in a wheeled funerary cart and headed towards his ancient homeland: Macedonia. Somehow Ptolemy I Soter hijacked the car in Damascus and took it to Egypt. This majestic strategy of Ptolemy took place in 321 B.C.E.
“So David would not move the ark of the Lord with him into the city of David; but David TOOK IT ASIDE into the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite.”
(II Samuel 6:10)
The ark was taken aside, meaning that it was taken somewhere else. Could this have something to do with Ptolemy’s political strategy? Could “Obed-Edom the Gittite” have something to do with the founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty? Ptolemy placed the body of Alexander in Memphis. He moved it to Alexandria later on (Alexander’s corpse was a symbol of imperial legitimacy).
“The ark of the Lord remained in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite for three months. And the Lord blessed Obed-Edom and all his household.”
(II Samuel 6:11)
Three months: the temporary stay in Memphis? Obed-Edom is fully blessed: Ptolemy becoming legitimate in the land of the Pharaohs? Didn’t Ptolemy prosper in Egypt? Didn’t he become “Pharaoh”?
“So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-edom TO THE CITY OF DAVID with gladness.”
(II Samuel 6:12)
The city of David: Iskandariya! Isn’t Alexandria the “CITY OF ALEXANDER”? Could it be possible that the CITY OF DAVID is really ALEXANDRIA? Alexandria was founded by Alexander on April 7th, 331 B.C.E.
THE MYSTERIOUS CREATURE KNOWN AS THE TACHASH
Chapter 25 of the Book of Exodus speaks about materials that the Israelites were supposed to offer YHVH. These collected valuable items would end up in the sanctuary:
“These are the contributions you shall accept from them; violet, purple and scarlet yarn; fine linen and goat hair; rams’skins dyed red, and ‘TACHASH SKINS’; acacia wood; oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragant incense; onyx stones and other gems for mounting on the ephod and the breastplate”.
What exactly is the ‘TACHASH’? What kind of animal is it? Is it considered a “KOSHER” animal? Many conjectures have been made as to the identity of the tachash. Some have speculated that “THS” means ‘tanned leather’; that the tachash was a sea mammal. The fact of the matter is that the famous tachash is the dolphin, an animal that is considered unclean by Rabbinical standards. Chapter 11th of the Book of Leviticus declares that the dead body of a sea creature that lacks fins or scales is to be considered loathsome. This means that orthodox Rabbinical Judaism has labeled the dolphin (tachash) as a dirty un-kosher animal. The Israelite that would touch the dead body of a sea creature that would lack fins or scales would be considered unclean until the evening (Leviticus 11:24-25).
How is it possible then that the skin of a dolphin could be used as a covering for the tent of the meeting? How is it possible that the skin of a dolphin would end up in the sanctuary? Chapter 25 of the Book of Exodus states clearly that the skin of a tachash (dolphin) was used in the sanctuary. Is this not a contradiction?
(dolphins were very popular in ancient Greece)
The Orthodox Rabbis don’t want to admit that the “tachash” is the dolphin because symbolically speaking the dolphin is a throwback to ancient Greece. It is said for example that the Greek god Dionysus was kidnapped by Tyrrhenian pirates, they ignored that their victim was a god. When the pirates realized that their prisoner was indeed Dionysus they leapt into the sea in terror. They were all turned into dolphins.
(Dionysus crossing the sea, Munich)
Obviously the Rabbis don’t want people to know that Jews have a Greek spark, they don’t want people linking “monotheistic Israel” with “polytheistic Greece”. Since the dolphin is considered to be a very Greek sea creature of “Poseidon-aroma “, they don’t want people associating the “tachash” with the dolphin.
ZOOMING INTO THE MENORAH
It is important that we examine the Menorah depicted in the arch of Titus. If we take a serious look at this seven branched candelabra we will see that it has an octagonal base, not a three-legged base. This octagonal base is decorated with the images of strange looking creatures connected to the Greco-Roman world.
(the Menorah depicted in the famous Arch of Titus)
What exactly are these pagan creatures and what do they represent?
On the top of the base (in the center) we see two eagles, something that could remind us of the eagles of Zeus that guarded the Delphic Omphalos.
(could this be a reference to the two eagles of the Delphic oracle?)
Right next to the eagles (on the right & on the left) we have weird looking dragons that have the tail of a fish. It is unclear if these marine creatures have the head of a lion or the head of a dog. We cannot tell if this creature has horns or not, it’s hard to tell.
(a lion with the tail of a fish? A dog with the tail of a fish? A dragon? We don’t know for sure)
Right beneath the two eagles (at the bottom) we have another serpent looking being that looks 100% like a dragon; it has the tail of a fish.
(a dragon with the tail of a fish)
Next to the Leviathan looking creature we have two winged griffins that face each other; both of them have the tail of a fish.
So, the octagonal base of the Menorah depicted in the Arch of Titus is decorated with un-kosher creatures of the Greco-Roman aroma. How could this be if the Menorah is supposed to be a Holy object that represents the sanctity of the Jewish people? Eagles that represent Zeus’ authority? Dragons possibly connected to Poseidon? Winged griffins? Exodus 20:4 states clearly that it is forbidden for an Israelite to carve images of creatures in heaven above, in the earth beneath, or in the waters under the earth. How come the Kohen Gadol didn’t notice that the Holy Menorah was decorated with the images of strange looking creatures?
Obviously, the Orthodox Rabbis don’t want us to know this. They assume that most people won’t even notice that the octagonal base of the candelabra depicted in the Arch of Titus was decorated with pagan imagery. The fact of the matter is that most Jews don’t even know that the Arch of Titus exists.
(frontal view of “Titus’ arch of triumph” on the Forum Romanum)
If we were to ask the Rabbis about this controversial issue, they’ll probably say that the Romans “ADDED” these reliefs to the Menorah so that it would look nicer in the triumphal procession. The Orthodox Rabbis, they are very clever,…they always have an answer for everything, answers that are aligned with their agenda of course. It is crazy…, the Jews were willing to sacrifice their lives so that a statue of Emperor Caligula would not be placed in the Holy of Holies. Yet, the sacred Menorah of YHVH was decorated with pagan imagery that would have probably pleased Caligula very much.
THE KABBALISTIC TREE OF LIFE
The tree of life is a terminology for the central mystical symbol used in esoteric Judaism (Kabbalah). The tree is really a system of revealed divinity known as “the ten Sephirot” or ‘the ten wheels of emanation’. The ten spheres are arranged in three columns and they are symbolically speaking “a map” of the Infinite Consciousness. Kabbalism is pretty much the spiritual path for the transcendental man.
The highest Sephirah is called “KETHER” (crown), it represents the highest level of spirituality, the purest manifestation of God’s creation. The lowest Sephirah, at the bottom of the tree is called “MALKUTH” (kingdom); it stands for the physical plane and for that of the mundane. So, one could say that the tree of life is a complex “transcendentalism program” through which man (a mortal) can become God (symbolically speaking of course).
(chart showing the interrelations of the ten divine emanations, from heaven [Kether] to the underworld [malkuth])
Everyone knows that Kabbalah is a fascinating Jewish tradition. When one thinks of terminologies like “Kabbalah” or “Tree of Life” he or she thinks of Judaism (automatically). Visually speaking the tree of life that contains the ten Sephirot resembles the sacred tree of the ancient Assyrians. If we observe the Assyrian tree of life carefully, we will see that it looks like the famous tree of life of the Jews. It doesn’t look “EXACTLY” like the Kabbalistic tree of the ten Sephirot but, the structure is more or less the same.
(Assyrian tree of life)
Could it be possible that the Israelites that interacted with the Assyrians borrowed the “visual concept” of the tree of life from their ancestral enemies?
We don’t know for sure but either way we should not be surprised,…chapter 16 of the 2nd Book of Kings speaks of an Israelite king named Ahaz who recognized Tiglath Pileser, king of Assyria, as his ally and mentor. Based on what the Bible says, Ahaz, king of Jerusalem, met the Assyrian king in Damascus and “REPLICATED” an altar that was there. It is said that Ahaz made offerings on this replicated altar and that he “REARRANGED” the ritualism of the Temple on account of the king of Assyria. In other words: Israel borrowed from Assyria.
Yes, it is true that the tree of life is something archetypal that we find in almost every culture but, it is undeniable that visually speaking, the Kabbalistic tree of life of the Jews looks like the “sacred tree” of the ancient Assyrians.
WHY JEWS DON’T EAT PORK
We all know that Jews don’t like to eat pork. Both observant Jews and secular Jews abhor pork, especially the religious Jews. Why is this? The Torah labelled the “CHAZIR” (the pig) as an unclean animal. Not only is the pig considered a forbidden un-kosher creature, it is the very incarnation of impurity. In the eyes of the Orthodox Jews the pig is the most disgusting and repulsive beast of all time.
What is the origin of this tradition? When exactly did Jews began to view pigs as the personification of unkosherness? We don’t know for sure. But, the one thing we know is that Orthodox Rabbis know something that most Jews ignore.
Back in the days, in times of national stress, Jews were forced into cannibalism. This means that Jewish men and Jewish women mutilated human corpses and ate human flesh. In other words: at some point in history Jews devoured the flesh of their fellow Jews (survival of the fittest). Since the flesh of a human being tastes like pork, the Rabbis decided that the pig should be viewed as the most unclean animal of all time. If we look into the Tanach we will see that Israelites did consume human flesh. Here are some Biblical passages that deal with anthropophagy:
1 – In